The Mundari are a small
nilotictribe of cattleherders and agriculturalists native to Southern Sudan. Mundari is also the name of the language spoken by that people.
The traditional Mundari tribal lands are located roughly 75 kilometers north of Juba, the capital of Southern Sudan, and are centered around the town of Terekeka in the state of
Central Equatoria. They are bordered to the north by the Bor Dinkaat Pariak and to the south by the Bari of Juba at the Ku'da River. Their lands are bounded on the east by the White Nileand extend west to Lake Madiin Western Equatoriastate, an area roughly 100 by 75 kilometers in size.
The land, like much of Southern Sudan, is predominantly flat and marked by occasional isolated large hills. The low-lying land contains many rivers and lakes and is prone to flooding during the
rainy season. The soil is predominantly clay-based, causing drainage and water retention problems, and provides a very fertile basis in support of cattle grazing.
The main settlements in Mundariland are Terekeka, Mangalla, Gemaiza, Muni, Tombek, Tindalo, Tali, Rego, Rokon, Koweri and Ku'da.
The Mundari, like other nilotic tribes, are very cattle-oriented: cattle serves as food, a form of currency and a mark of status. Marriages are arranged by the prospective groom offering cattle to the bride's family and husbands may take as many wives as they can support. The Mundari engage in perennial cattle raiding wars with the Bor Dinka during the
The Mundari also cultivate
sorghumand catch fish using nets and spears.
In common with other nilotic tribes in Sudan, the Mundari practice
ritual scarificationas a rite of passageinto adulthood for young men. The typical Mundari scar pattern consists of two sets of three parallel lines, each on either side of the forehead, extending in an downward slope and unconnected in the middle.
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