Nabisco Brands, Inc.
Nabisco Brands, Inc. was a multinational
foodand beveragecompany focusing mainly on biscuits, crackers, cookies, confectionery, canned produce and condiments. It was based in Parsippany, New Jersey.
Nabisco Brands trace its roots back in 1898, where the United States-based bakeries underwent a major consolidation, from a regional consolidation. American Biscuit and Manufacturing Company--based in Chicago, New York Biscuit Company and the United States Baking Company were Nabisco's predecessors, which altogether possess a combined total of 114 bakeries across the nation. Theses three companies were merged to form the National Biscuit Company. The company was headquartered in
After the consolidation, the president of National Biscuit Company -- Adolphus Green of American Biscuit and Manufacturing Company, asked Frank Peters to create a package to distribute products in huge amounts. This paved its way for In-Er Seal package, whose logo is a prototype for the "Nabisco Thing". This In-Er Seal package is a system of interfolded wax paper and cardboard to "seal in the freshness" of the product. This was first used for Uneeda Biscuits.
Early 20th century
Planters Nut and Chocolate Company was formed in 1906 after Amedeo Obici and Mario Peruzzi revolutionized a system for blanching and roasting peanuts. In 1916, the company opened a contest for creating a mascot for its brand of peanuts--Planters Roasted Peanuts, and a 14 year-old Virginia boy won the contest by creating a peanut with arms and legs, later enhanced by the company to have a monocle, a top hat and a cane, and called it Mr. Peanut.
N.B.C. — as the company referred to itself then — innovated its product line to compete with more aggressive rivals, especially the [Sunshine Biscuit Company] , formed by former N.B.C. directors. It developed
Barnum's Animal Crackersin 1902, then Lorna Dooneand Oreoin 1912.
In 1924, N.B.C. tried to improve its sales of its products by adding a direct sales force, selling products, specifically "Peanut Sandwich Packet" and "Sorbetto Sandwich Packet," in soda fountains, road stands, milk bars, lunch rooms and in news stands.
The company then used the term NAB (NAtional Biscuit) for most of its products, while some were using the term NABISCO, the earliest being 1901. The former term was generally accepted and became a household name, particularly in the Southeast United States.
N.B.C. acquired Shredded Wheat Company and Christie, Brown & Company (Canada's major baked goods maker) in 1928. N.B.C. acquired F.H. Bennett Company (maker of Milk-Bone dog biscuits) in 1931. In 1934, RITZ Crackers were introduced.
Standard Brands, Inc. launched the first active dry yeast in the market, Fleischmann's yeast.
The proto-type logo used in the In-Er Seal package was altered and changed into a red triangular logo with the Nabisco name imprinted in it, after 41 years of using the term for its products, and that logo was used in 1952.
Late 20th century
In 1963, N.B.C. launched
In 1981 Nabisco merged with Standard Brands, maker of
Plantersnut products, and separately acquired Life Savers, from the E.R. Squibb Corporation, and the Curtiss Candy Company, makers of Butterfingerand Baby Ruth. The company was then renamed Nabisco Brands, Inc.
In 1985 Nabisco was bought by R.J. Reynolds, forming RJR Nabisco. Nabisco became the food division of the company, acquiring the
Del Monte Corporationarm of the tobacco firm.
Ross Johnson, Nabisco's CEO, became the CEO of the tobacco firm, and, in turn, ousted all of the executives that were against Johnson.
To focus on the core businesses, RJR sold the
Kentucky Fried Chickenfastfood business to PepsiCoin 1986 and Heublein wines and spirits business to Grand Metropolitanin 1987.
After three years of mixed results, the company became one of the hotspots in the '80s
leveraged buyoutmania. The company was in auction with two bidders: Ross Johnson himself and Kolberg Kravis Roberts. RJR Nabisco was in turn bought out in 1988 by Kolberg Kravis Roberts in the biggest leveraged buyout in history.
After this, in 1988, RJR sold its Chun King division, and also
Del Monte Corporation's fresh produce division, which later became Fresh Del Monte Produce.
In 1989, RJR sold the North and South American Del Monte processed food operations.
In 1990, RJR sold the Curtiss Candy division to
Rowntree, now Nestle, which owns the Baby Ruthand Butterfingerbrands. RJR also sold LU, Belin and other European biscuit brands to Groupe Danone, only reunited in 2007after Nabisco's present parent, Kraft Foods, bought Danone's biscuit operations for EUR 5.3 billion.
In 1994, RJR sold its breakfast cereal business (primarily the Shredded Wheat franchise) to
Kraft Foodsand the international licenses to General Mills, which later on became a part of the Cereal Partners Worldwidejoint venture with Nestle. In 1994 also RJR acquired KNOX Gelatin.
In 1995, RJR sold Ortega Mexican-style foods, and acquired
Kraft Foods' tablespreads operations, which includes Parkay, Touch of Butter and Chiffon brands.
In 1997, RJR sold
Egg Beatersegg substitutes, and Parkay, Touch of Butter, Chiffon, Fleischmann's, Move Over Butter and Blue Bonnet tablespreads to ConAgra, its College Inn broth business to Del Monte Foodsand also its Venezuelan Del Monte operations.
In 2000 Philip Morris Companies acquired Nabisco Holdings; that acquisition was approved by the Federal Trade Commission subject to the divestiture of products in five areas: three Jell-O and Royal brands types of products (dry-mix gelatin dessert, dry-mix pudding, no-bake desserts), intense mints (such as Altoids), and baking powder. Kraft later purchased the company.
After four years, the sugar confectionery unit was sold to
Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company, and the branding of the cookie products as Nabisco products became limited to North America (except Canada, where all snacks were branded Christie).
* A1 steak sauce
* Aylmer canned fruits and vegetables
Baby Ruthcandy bars
* Barrel Head rootbeer (part of its Cott carbonated soda division, sold 1986)
* Beech-Nut chewing gum
* Blue Bonnet margarine
* Bonkers! chewy candy
* BreathSavers candy
* Brer Rabbit pancake syrup, corn syrup and molasses
Bubble Yumbubble gum
Canada Drycarbonated soda (part of its Cott carbonated soda division, sold 1986)
* Care*Free sugarless gum
Charleston Chewcandy bars
* Chase & Sanborn Coffee
* Chiffon margarine
* Chun King Chinese-style canned foods
* College Inn broth
* Cott carbonated soda (part of its Cott carbonated soda division, sold 1986)
* Cream of Wheat and Cream of Rice hot cereal
* Davis baking powder
Del Montecanned produce, fruit juices, desserts and meals
* Dromedary dates, pimiento peppers and cake mixes
* Dr. Ballard's dog food
Egg Beatersegg substitute
* Escoffier sauces
* Fleischmann's margarine, corn oil and yeast
* Jackson and Perkins roses and garden plants (sold 1986)
* Junior Mints candy
Kentucky Fried Chicken(sold 1986)
* Merckens chocolate
* Milk-Bone cat biscuits
* Milk-Bone dog biscuits
* My*T*Fine puddings and pie fillings
* Morton frozen foods (sold 1986)
* No Cal carbonated soda (part of its Cott carbonated soda division, sold 1986)
* Ortega Mexican-style foods
* Parkay margarine
* Patio Mexican frozen foods (sold 1986)
Planterssalted snacks and nuts
* Pom Poms caramels
* Regina vinegars and cooking wines
* Royal desserts, puddings and gelatin
* Shredded Wheat cereal (and variants Frosted Wheat and Fruit Wheats)
* Shreddies cereal
* Smiths salted snacks
Smirnoffvodka (part of its Heublein division, sold 1987)
* Snap-E-Tom tomato and chili cocktail
* Steak Supreme steak sauce
Sunkistcarbonated soda (part of its Cott carbonated soda division, sold 1986)
* Sugar Babies caramels
* Sugar Daddy caramel pops
* Tahitian Treat drinks (part of its Cott carbonated soda division, sold 1986)
* Touch of Butter margarine
Vermont Maidpancake syrup
* Walkers salted snacks
* Wink carbonated soda (part of its Cott carbonated soda division, sold 1986)
* Wright's Natural hickory seasoning
* Zip Firestarters
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