Abbey of Saint-Germain d'Auxerre
The Abbey of Saint-Germain d'Auxerre was a
Benedictinemonastery in southern France, dedicated to its founder Saint Germain of Auxerre, the bishop of Auxerre, who died in 478. The Abbey reached the apex of its cultural importance during the Carolingianera; the source for its early history is an account of the "Miracula Sancti Germani Episcopi Autissiodorensis" ("Miracles of Saint Germain, Bishop of Auxerre") written before "ca". 880. The earliest surviving architectural remains are also of the ninth century.
In 1927, beneath the 17th-century frescoed plaster walls of the crypt were discovered ninth-century wall frescoes, the only surviving large-scale paintings of their date in France to compare to the
illuminated manuscripts. [Edward S. King, "The Carolingian Frescoes of the Abbey of Saint Germain d'Auxerre" "The Art Bulletin;; 11.4 (December 1929), pp. 357-375.]
During the Revolution, several bays of the
navewere demolished and the secularized abbey was used as a hospital. The former nave extended beneath the present forecourt.
In the late twentieth century the abbey's residential and service buildings were remodeled as a museum, presenting prehistoric,
Gallo-Romanand medieval finds from Auxerre. An exhibition in 1990 brought the abbey's cultural impact into focus.
*Christian Sapin, "La Bourgogne Preromane" (Paris, 1986), pp 41-63. The early building project.
*"Abbaye Saint-Germain d'Auxerre: Intellectuels et Artistes dans l'Europe carolingienne, IXe - XIe siecles" (Auxerre, 1990) Exhibition catalogue.
*"Auxerre et les premices de l'art roman" (Auxerre, 1999) Exhibition catalogue.
* [http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/auxerre/en/index.htm Official website]
* [http://www.wfu.edu/~titus/trifor.htm Saint Germain in Auxerre] Recent archeology.
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