Periodontium


Periodontium

Periodontium refers to the specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, maintaining them in the maxillary and mandibular bones. The word comes from the Greek terms "peri"-, meaning "around" and -"odons", meaning "tooth." Literally taken, it means that which is "around the tooth". Periodontics is the dental specialty that relates specifically to the care and maintenance of these tissues.

The following four tissues make up the periodontium:

* Alveolar bone
* Cementum
* Gingiva or gums
* Periodontal ligament


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  • periodontium — 1828; see PERIODONTAL (Cf. periodontal) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Periodontium — Dieser Artikel behandelt die Wurzelhaut des Zahnes, für die Wurzelhaut in der Botanik siehe Rhizodermis. für die Zahnstruktur bei Muscheln siehe desmodont (Muscheln) Als Wurzelhaut (Syn.: Periodontium, periodontales oder parodontales Ligament,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • periodontium — The connective tissue that surrounds the tooth root and attaches it to its bony socket; it consists of fibers anchored in the cementum and extending into the alveolar bone; the tissues that surround and support the teeth, including the gingivae,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Periodontium — apydantis statusas T sritis gyvūnų anatomija, gyvūnų morfologija atitikmenys: lot. Periodontium ryšiai: platesnis terminas – dantys …   Veterinarinės anatomijos, histologijos ir embriologijos terminai

  • Periodontium — apydantis statusas T sritis gyvūnų raida, augimas, ontogenezė, embriologija atitikmenys: lot. Periodontium ryšiai: platesnis terminas – apydantinė plokštelė …   Veterinarinės anatomijos, histologijos ir embriologijos terminai

  • Periodontium — apydantis statusas T sritis histologija, ląstelių chemija, histologinė chemija, audinių kultūra atitikmenys: lot. Periodontium ryšiai: platesnis terminas – dantis siauresnis terminas – alveolės antkaulis siauresnis terminas – apydančio raištis …   Veterinarinės anatomijos, histologijos ir embriologijos terminai

  • periodontium — (per e o don she um) See periodontal disease …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • periodontium — /per ee euh don sheuhm, shee euhm/, n., pl. periodontia / sheuh, shee euh/. the bone, connective tissue, and gum surrounding and supporting a tooth. Also, parodontium. [1955 60; < NL; see PERI , ODONT, IUM] * * * …   Universalium

  • periodontium — noun The specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, maintaining them in the maxillary and mandibular bones; the tissues including alveolar bone, cementum, gums and periodontal ligament. See Also: periodontal, periodontics,… …   Wiktionary

  • Periodontium — Peri|odọntium [zu ↑peri... und gr. ὀδους, Gen.: ὀδοντος = Zahn] s; s, ...tia (eindeutschend auch: ...tien [...ien]), auch eindeutschend: Peri|odọnt, Mehrz.: ien [...ien]: Zahnwurzelhaut, Wurzelhaut, das die Zahnwurzel innerhalb der Alveole… …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke


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