Yemin Moshe (lit. Memorial to Moshe) is a
neighborhoodin Jerusalem, Israel.
Yemin Moshe was established in
1891by Moses Montefioreoutside Jerusalem's Old Cityas a solution to the overcrowding and unsanitary conditions inside the walls, and eventually named for him. Few people were anxious to live there at the time, because the area was open to Arab marauders. The original houses were built with a wall around them and a gate that was locked at night. [http://www.jafi.org.il/education/noar/sites/yeminmosh.htm More information about Yemin Moshe] Mishkenot Sha'ananim, as the first houses were known, consisted of two rows of buildings. The first was completed by 1860 and contained 28 apartments of one-and-a-half rooms. The compound also had a water cisternwith an iron pump imported from England, a mikvehand a communal oven. [http://www.jafi.org.il/education/noar/sites/yeminmosh.htm More information about Yemin Moshe]
The second row of houses was built in 1866 when a
choleraepidemic was at its height in the Old City. Some of the people who took up residence in the new neighborhood refused to stay there at night, but that year, the demand for apartments rose as illness spread. [http://www.jafi.org.il/education/noar/sites/yeminmosh.htm More information about Yemin Moshe]
A windmill was built in Yemin Moshe with the idea of weaning the residents from their reliance on the
halukka, or charity. Moses Montefiore, the British Jewish philanthropist who founded the neighborhood, believed that a mill could provide them with a source of livelihood, but it never became operative. [ [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vie/Jerusalem3.html Jerusalem - Beyond the Old City Walls ] ]
Yemin Moshe is now an upscale neighborhood surrounded by gardens with a panoramic view of the Old City walls. The original complex of buildings has been turned into a cultural center and guesthouse for writers, intellectuals and musicians.
* [http://www.biblelandpictures.com/gallery/gallery.asp?action=browse&categoryid=52&whichpage=5 Photos of Yemin Moshe]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.