Operation Desert Scorpion (Iraq 2003)

Operation Desert Scorpion
Part of The Iraq War
OPDesertScorpion-2003.06.15.jpg
Area of Operation for Operation Desert Scorpion
Date June 15, 2003 – June 29, 2003
Location North-Central Iraq
Result Efforts to suppress growing insurgency ineffective.
Belligerents
United States United States Iraq Iraqi Insurgency
Casualties and losses
None reported on either side

Operation Desert Scorpion was a major U.S.operation to identify and eliminate anti-coalition forces while simultaneously delivering humanitarian aid. The area of operation was mainly in north-central Iraq and was conducted between June 15 and June 29, 2003. The stated task and purpose of Operation Desert Scorpion was to defeat remaining enemy non-compliant forces. It was planned as a major operation supporting the first "post-hostilities" campaign plan which had been issued just a week prior to its inception.

Contents

Background

The operation followed Operation Peninsula Strike, which had ended three days earlier, and was part of a U.S response to a major spike in attacks by anti-coalition forces that began in late May of 2003. Operation Peninsula Strike was a 4th Infantry Division operation and was directly influenced by earlier warning orders of Operation Desert Scorpion.This operation was supported from Camp Spearhead Kuwait, by the 149th Transportation Company (POCC), 10th Transportation BN (TML), 7th Transportation GRP(COMP).

The operation

Combined Joint Task Force 7 conducted the operation that included elements from the 3rd Infantry Division, the 4th Infantry Division, the 101st Airborne Division, 1st Armored Division, the 2d Armored Cavalry Regiment and the 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment. The scheme of maneuver was first to gain intelligence to identify those elements, or forces, in Iraq that were preventing the establishment of interim governing capability. Simultaneously, the operation was to identify those elements who were supporting governance and stability in Iraq, and identify public works projects that would enable their efforts. The operation was designed to commence with country wide operations that defeated those remaining non - compliant forces while simultaneously providing funds and projects to those areas, and local leaders, who supported the growth of Iraqi governance and stability.

The 3rd Infantry Division conducted five raids and detained 20. The 3ID also seized 20 anti-tank rounds, three AK-47s, one Rocket propelled grenade and some C4 explosives along with detonators. The 3ID's humanitarian contributions to the operation included coordinating a trash collection service and removing 64 loads of trash from Fallujah and continued to work with the municipality to re-establish a waste collection system.

The 4th Infantry Division conducted 43 raids in an area ranging from Kirkuk in the north to Taji in the south and initially detained 288 individuals. Sixty-five of the detained were held. The unit seized three AK-47s, one mortar site and one Dragonov night site. The division also placed a contract for playground equipment and a retaining wall for a school in their area, assisted a general hospital with $1,000 drug and supply purchase and purchased an ambulance.

Soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division conducted three raids and detained 12 individuals. The 101st Airborne Division also worked to rebuild drainage ditches and renovating the Mayor’s office in Makhmur, along with rebuilding at kindergarten schools.

The 1st Armored Division executed offensive actions in Baghdad conducting six raids and detaining 22 individuals. The unit seized nine rifles, eight pistols, three knives, two boxes of grenades, one bomb and three 127mm rounds.

The 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment conducted 11 raids and detained 39 individuals. It also passed out school supplies to the local schools in the eastern part of Iraq.

Aftermath

During the raids, two former Iraqi generals turned themselves in, Maj. Gen. Abul Ali Jasmin, secretary of the Defense Ministry, and Brig. Gen. Abdullah Ali Jasmin, head of the Iraqi Military Academy and were detained for questioning. Operation Desert Scorpion also resulted in the seizure of eight million Dollars as well as a large sum of British pounds and Euros.

Unfortunately, the operation did not achieve the desired effects. It was hampered initially by a failure to provide for the public works projects so critical to its success. While the Divisions' submitted a total of approximately $53 million in requirements, only some $20 million were funded. Thus, the force did not achieve its aim to publicly demonstrate commitment to rewarding those who supported stability in Iraq. As well, the force did not allow time to develop the intelligence required to find, target and then attack the leaders of local insurgent movements. However, the legacy of Operation Desert Scorpion is still seen today in operations in both Iraq and Afghanistan. It has become a pattern for operations in both theaters.

Military Units Involved

US forces reported to be involved were
  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • 4th Infantry Division
  • 101st Airborne Division
  • 1st Armored Division
  • 2d Armored Cavalry Regiment
  • 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment
  • 149th Transportation Company


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Operation Iron Hammer (Iraq 2003) — Operation Iron Hammer Part of The War on Terrorism, Operation Iraqi Freedom Members 1st Armored Division wait to begin a co …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Desert Scorpion — may refer to: Operation Desert Scorpion (Iraq 1998), an unperformed military operation in 1998. Operation Desert Scorpion (Iraq 2003), a military operation launched during the 2003 invasion of Iraq. This disambiguation page lists articles… …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Desert Thrust — In post invasion Iraq, Operation Desert Thrust was the name given by the First Brigade 1st Infantry Division to their operations in Iraq beginning on their arrival in October 2003. The name seems to have applied to their entire campaign plan for… …   Wikipedia

  • Guerre en Iraq, 2003 — Guerre d Irak Guerre d Irak Dans le sens des aiguilles d une montre en commençant en haut à gauche : Une patrouille à Samarra; Le renversement de la statue de Saddam Hussein au square Firdos; Un soldat irakien pendant un assaut; un engin… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guerre en Iraq (2003-2005) — Guerre d Irak Guerre d Irak Dans le sens des aiguilles d une montre en commençant en haut à gauche : Une patrouille à Samarra; Le renversement de la statue de Saddam Hussein au square Firdos; Un soldat irakien pendant un assaut; un engin… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guerre en Iraq (2003-2006) — Guerre d Irak Guerre d Irak Dans le sens des aiguilles d une montre en commençant en haut à gauche : Une patrouille à Samarra; Le renversement de la statue de Saddam Hussein au square Firdos; Un soldat irakien pendant un assaut; un engin… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Iraq–United States relations — Pre 1980sThe Baathist coupsThe United States was instrumental in bringing the Baath Party to power in Iraq. In 1963, the United States backed a coup against the government of Iraq headed by General Abdul Karim Qassim, who five years earlier had… …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Peninsula Strike — Part of The War on Terrorism, Operation Iraqi Freedom Date June 9, 2003 – June 13, 2003 Location Balad, Iraq …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Telic — Operation (or Op) TELIC was the codename under which all British military operations in Iraq were conducted between the start of the Invasion of Iraq on 19 March 2003 and the withdrawal of the last remaining British forces on 22 May 2011. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Red Dawn — Part of the Iraq War Samir, a 34 year old Iraqi American U.S.S.F. interpreter who helped find Saddam Hussein and pull him from his hideaway on 13 Dece …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.