Jay County, Indiana


Jay County, Indiana

Infobox U.S. County
county = Jay County
state = Indiana


founded year = 1836
founded date =
seat wl = Portland
largest city wl =
city type = town
area_total_sq_mi = 384
area_total_km2 = 994
area_land_sq_mi = 384
area_land_km2 = 994
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_km2 =
area percentage = 0.05%
lat deg =
lat min =
long deg =
long min =
census yr = 2000
pop = 21806
density_sq_mi = 24
density_km2 = 9
time zone = Eastern
footnotes =
web = www.co.jay.in.us
named for = John Jay


Jay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 21,806. The county seat is PortlandGR|6.

History

Jay County was formed in 1836. It is the only county in the United States named for John Jay, co-author of the Federalist Papers, Secretary of Foreign Affairs under the Articles of Confederation, and first Chief Justice of the United States. John Jay died in 1829.

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.cite web|author=Indiana Code|url=http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html |title=Title 36, Article 2, Section 3|accessdate=2008-09-16|publisher=IN.gov] cite web|author= Indiana Code |url= http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf |title= Title 2, Article 10, Section 2 |accessdate=2008-09-16|publisher=IN.gov]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, the collection of revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to terms of four years. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serve terms of four years and oversee different parts of the county government. Members elected to any county government position are required to declare a party affiliation and be a resident of the county.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 384 square miles (994 km²), of which 384 square miles (994 km²) is land and 0 square miles (0 km²) (0.05%) is water.

Cities and towns

*Bryant
*Pennville
*Portland
*Redkey
*Salamonia
*Dunkirk

Townships

*Bearcreek
*Greene
*Jackson
*Jefferson
*Knox
*Madison
*Noble
*Penn
*Pike
*Richland
*Wabash
*Wayne

Adjacent counties

*Adams County (north)
*Mercer County, Ohio (east)
*Darke County, Ohio (southeast)
*Randolph County (south)
*Delaware County (southwest)
*Blackford County (west)
*Wells County (northwest)

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas [ [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/ National Atlas] ] , U.S. Census Bureau [ [http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files] ]
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Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 21,806 people, 8,405 households, and 6,017 families residing in the county. The population density was 57 people per square mile (22/km²). There were 9,074 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.64% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 1.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.9% were of American, 28.1% German, 8.8% English and 8.6% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 8,405 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,700, and the median income for a family was $41,850. Males had a median income of $31,031 versus $21,015 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,686. About 5.80% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.40% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.

Literary Reference

"Jens looked at a map he'd filched from an abandoned gas station. If he was where he thought he was, he'd soon be approaching the grand metropolis of Fiat, by God, Indiana. He managed a smile when he saw that, and declaimed, "And God said," Fiat, Indiana, "and there was Indiana."

--Harry Turtledove, "Worldwar: In the Balance", New York:Random House (1994), Chapter 14, copyright 1994 by Harry Turtledove. The reference is to the unincorporated town of Fiat near the intersection of Indiana State Routes 1 and 18 in Jay County.

Links

* [http://www.co.jay.in.us/ Jay County, Indiana]

References

*cite book
first = Richard L. (editor)
last = Forstall
year = 1996
title = Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses
publisher = United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division
id = ISBN 0-934213-48-8


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