Ripley County, Indiana


Ripley County, Indiana

Infobox U.S. County
county = Ripley County
state = Indiana


founded year = 1818
founded date =
seat wl = Versailles
largest city wl =
city type = town
area_total_sq_mi = 448
area_total_km2 = 1160
area_land_sq_mi = 446
area_land_km2 = 1156
area_water_sq_mi = 2
area_water_km2 = 4
area percentage = 0.35%
lat deg =
lat min =
long deg =
long min =
census yr = 2000
pop = 26523
density_sq_mi = 59
density_km2 = 23
time zone = Eastern
footnotes =
web =
named for = Eleazer Wheelock Ripley


Ripley County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 26,523. The county seat is VersaillesGR|6.

History

Ripley County was formed in 1818. It was named for Gen. Eleazer Wheelock Ripley, an officer in the War of 1812, who was mainly remembered for the Battle of Lundy's Lane and the Siege of Fort Erie, in 1814. [cite book|author=De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle|publisher=R. S. Peale & co.|year=1875|location=Indiana|title=An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=YDIUAAAAYAAJ| pages=572]

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.cite web|author=Indiana Code|url=http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html |title=Title 36, Article 2, Section 3|accessdate=2008-09-16|publisher=IN.gov] cite web|author= Indiana Code |url= http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf |title= Title 2, Article 10, Section 2 |accessdate=2008-09-16|publisher=IN.gov]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, the collection of revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to terms of four years. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serve terms of four years and oversee different parts of the county government. Members elected to any county government position are required to declare a party affiliation and be a resident of the county.

Ripley County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Democrat Baron Hill. [cite web|url=http://baronhill.house.gov/district.shtml|title=Conressman Baron Hill|publisher=House.Gov|accessdate=2008-09-12]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 448 square miles (1,160 km²), of which 446 square miles (1,156 km²) is land and 2 square miles (4 km²) (0.35%) is water.

Cities and towns

*Batesville
*Holton
*Milan
*Napoleon
*Osgood
*Sunman
*Versailles

Unincorporated towns

*Cross Plains
*Delaware
*Friendship
*Morris
*New Marion
*Old Milan
*Pierceville

Townships

*Adams
*Brown
*Center
*Delaware
*Franklin
*Jackson
*Johnson
*Laughery
*Otter Creek
*Shelby
*Washington

Adjacent counties

*Franklin County (north)
*Dearborn County (east)
*Ohio County (southeast [1] )
*Switzerland County (southeast [2] )
*Jefferson County (south)
*Jennings County (west)
*Decatur County (northwest)

Major highways

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National protected area

* Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 26,523 people, 9,842 households, and 7,273 families residing in the county. The population density was 59 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 10,482 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.30% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 0.41% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 46.6% were of German, 19.5% American, 9.5% Irish and 8.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 9,842 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.30% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.10% were non-families. 22.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,426, and the median income for a family was $47,019. Males had a median income of $34,055 versus $23,610 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,559. About 6.30% of families and 7.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.00% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

References

*cite book
first = Richard L. (editor)
last = Forstall
year = 1996
title = Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses
publisher = United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division
id = ISBN 0-934213-48-8


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