Phrase structure grammar


Phrase structure grammar

Phrase structure grammar has several different common meanings.

In mathematics, in the area of formal language theory, it is often used as a synonym for context-sensitive grammar, which uses phrase structure rules or rewrite rules. However, it is not a precise term, and may also be used to refer to other classes of grammar in the Chomsky hierarchy that are more powerful than context-free grammars.

In linguistics, it refers to any one of several related theories for the parsing of natural language, including the head-driven phrase structure grammar, the lexical functional grammar and the generalised phrase structure grammar.


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  • phrase-structure grammar — /frayz struk cheuhr/, Ling. a grammar that consists of phrase structure rules. [1965 70] * * * …   Universalium

  • phrase-structure grammar — /frayz struk cheuhr/, Ling. a grammar that consists of phrase structure rules. [1965 70] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar — Die Head driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) ist eine Grammatiktheorie, die in den 1980er Jahren auf der Basis der Wiederbelebung der kontextfreien Phrasenstrukturgrammatiken als Generative Grammatiktheorie aus der Familie der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Head-driven phrase structure grammar — (HPSG) is a highly lexicalized, non derivational generative grammar theory developed by Carl Pollard and Ivan Sag (1985). It is the immediate successor to generalized phrase structure grammar. HPSG draws from other fields such as computer science …   Wikipedia

  • Generalised phrase structure grammar — (GPSG) is a framework for describing the syntax and semantics of natural languages. GPSG was initially developed in the late 1970s by Gerald Gazdar. Other contributors include Ewan Klein, Ivan Sag, and Geoffrey Pullum. Their book Generalized… …   Wikipedia

  • Discontinuous-constituent phrase structure grammar — (DCPSG) (distinct from Discontinuous Phrase Structure Grammar/DPSG) is a formalism for describing discontinuous phrase structures in natural language, such as verb phrases in VSO languages. The formalism was introduced in the slightly more… …   Wikipedia

  • Generalised Phrase Structure Grammar — Die Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar (GPSG) ist eine Theorie zur Beschreibung der Syntax und Semantik von natürlichen Sprachen. Die GPSG wurde anfangs von Gerald Gazdar in den 1970ern entwickelt. Weitere bedeutende Beiträge kamen von Ewan… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar — Die Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar (GPSG) ist eine Theorie zur Beschreibung der Syntax und Semantik von natürlichen Sprachen. Die GPSG wurde anfangs von Gerald Gazdar in den 1970ern entwickelt. Weitere bedeutende Beiträge kamen von Ewan… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phrase structure rules — are a way to describe a given language s syntax. They are used to break a natural language sentence down into its constituent parts (also known as syntactic categories) namely phrasal categories and lexical categories (aka parts of speech).… …   Wikipedia

  • phrase-structure rule — Ling. a rule that generates a sentence or other syntactic construction from words and phrases and identifies its constituent structure. Cf. rewrite rule. * * * phrase structure rule, Linguistics. one of the rules governing the construction of the …   Useful english dictionary


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