- Mehola Junction bombing
Mehola Junction bombing Location Mehola Junction, West Bank, (Area C) Coordinates Date April 16, 1993
1:00 am (UTC+2)
Attack type Suicide attack Death(s) 2 (the bomber and a bystander) Injured 7–9 Perpetrator(s) One Palestinian suicide bomber (Shahar al-Nabulsi). Hamas claimed responsiblity.
The Mehola Junction bombing (also known as the Beit El bombing, literally, the House of God bombing) was the first suicide car bomb attack carried out by Palestinian militants and took place on April 16, 1993.
Hamas bombmaker Yahya Ayyash rigged a Volkswagen Transporter using three large propane tanks and explosives collected from grenades and other ordinance. The bomb was connected to a detonator switch in the driver's controls.
Hamas operative Saher Tamam al-Nabulsi drove the car to Mehola Junction, a rest area on the Jordan Valley Highway in the West Bank. Just after 1:00 AM, the car exploded between two buses, one civilian and one military. The blast killed al-Nabulsi and Marwan Ghani, a Palestinian from the nearby village of Bardala who worked in a snack bar in Mehola. Ghani's brother and eight Israeli soldiers were slightly injured.
- ^ Matthew Levitt and Dennis Ross (2007). Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad (Illustrated ed.). Yale University Press. pp. 11–12. ISBN 0300122586, 9780300122589. http://books.google.ca/books?id=CG-AjU3rraQC&pg=PA12&dq=suicide+bombings+first+civilians+israel&lr=&cd=16#v=onepage&q=suicide%20bombings%20first%20civilians%20israel&f=false.
- ^ Katz (2002), p.74
- ^ a b c Associate Press (April 17, 1993). Sarasota Herald-Tribune. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=2G4fAAAAIBAJ&sjid=l3sEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6767,1277511.
- ^ a b Jerusalem Post, 18 April 1993, p1.
- Katz, Samuel (2002). The Hunt for the Engineer. Lyons Press. ISBN 1585747491.
Prominent terrorist attacks against Israeli targets in the history of the Arab–Israeli conflict – the 1990s 1990Assassination of Meir Kahane (November 5) 1992 1993Mehola Junction bombing (April 16) – Murder of Yaron Chen (August 5) 1994Afula Bus suicide bombing (April 6) – Hadera central station suicide bombing (April 13) – Attack on the Israeli embassy in London (July 26) – Kidnapping of Nachshon Wachsman (October 14) – Dizengoff Street bus bombing (October 19) – Netzarim Junction bicycle bombing (November 11) – Afula axe attack (November 30) 1995 1996 1997Island of Peace massacre (March 13) – Café Apropo bombing (March 21) – Mahane Yehuda Market Bombings (July 30) – Ben Yehuda Street Bombing (September 4) ‡ indicates the terrorist attack which caused the greatest amount of Israeli casualties during the 1990s
Full list of Palestinian suicide attacks • Full list of Lebanese rocket attacks on Israel
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