Video gaming in the People's Republic of China

Video games in the People's Republic of China (PRC) is a massive industry and pastime that includes the production, sale, import/export, and playing of video games. The landscape of the topic is strongly shaped by China's average income level, rampant software piracy, and governmental measures to control game content and playing times.

The special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau have a unique legal and cultural environments, and the information below does not apply there.

Contents

Domestically-produced games

China has a number of domestically produced games. These include the Genesis of the Century trilogy (The World of Legend, The Age, and Magical Land), Westward Journey, Perfect World, Learn from Lei Feng Online, The Incorruptible Warrior, and Crazy Mouse. There are a large number of domestically-made MMORPGs in China, although many generally remain unheard of outside of the country.[1]

Social network games

The Chinese game Happy Farm (2008) was included in Wired's list of "The 15 Most Influential Games of the Decade" at #14, for its major influence on social network games, particularly for having "inspired a dozen Facebook clones," the largest being Zynga's FarmVille.[2] A number of other games have since used similar game mechanics, such as Sunshine Farm, Happy Farmer, Happy Fishpond, Happy Pig Farm,[3][4] Farm Town, Country Story, Barn Buddy, Sunshine Ranch, and Happy Harvest, as well as parodies such as Jungle Extreme and Farm Villain.[5][6]

Internet cafes

Although China's growing economy has boosted the economic prospects of most Chinese in the last couple of decades, the cost of a personal computer, video game console, or Internet connection remains prohibitive for many Chinese. Because of this, Internet cafes and Internet cafe gaming have become quite popular in the country. Rather than purchasing their own hardware and software, users are simply charged a small fee (often by the hour) to use an Internet cafe computer which often comes preloaded with a selection of games. Internet cafes have contributed significantly to the growing number of young Chinese computer addicts. Chinese internet cafes often impose age limits to protect minors from what may be adult content.

Piracy

See also: Intellectual property violation in the People's Republic of China

Because of the high amount of software piracy in China, many foreign game companies have been reluctant to enter the country's market with single player or console games. Instead, they have focused on selling online titles such as massively multiplayer online games as income from these titles comes largely from subscription fees or in game item purchases rather than the purchase price of the title itself.

Nintendo claims that, as of February 14, 2008, China remains the main source of manufacturing pirated Nintendo DS and Wii games. [7]

Farming

As of December 2005, there were an estimated 100,000 Chinese employed as "farmers", video game players who work to acquire virtual currency or items in online games so they can be sold to other players for real currency.[8]

Government controls

Limits on playing time

In recent years, the Chinese government has shown increasing concern over what it perceives as problems with the addictions to and negative influences from video games. In an effort to combat addiction in online gaming for example, time restrictions have been implemented, which hamper the players capabilities in game, creating incentive to take a break.

The Beijing Reformatory for Juvenile Delinquents claimed in 2007 that a third of its detainees were influenced by violent online games or erotic websites when committing crimes such as robbery and rape.[9] In a high-profile case from October 2004, 41-year-old Qiu Chengwei was sentenced to death for murdering 26-year-old Zhu Caoyuan over a dispute regarding the sale of a virtual weapon the two had jointly won in the game Legend of Mir 3.[10] Also, in September 2007, a Chinese man in Guangzhou died after playing Internet video games for three consecutive days in an Internet cafe.[11]

Censorship

As with almost all mass media in the country, video games in China are subject to the policies of censorship in the People's Republic of China.

In 2004, the Ministry of Culture set up a committee to screen imported online video games before they entered the Chinese market. It was stated that games with any of the following violations would be banned from importation:[12]

  • Violating basic principles of the Constitution
  • Threatening national unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity
  • Divulging state secrets
  • Threatening state security
  • Damaging the nation's glory
  • Disturbing social order
  • Infringing on others' legitimate rights
  • Making animals dominant to humans (Nintendo games are formerly known for this)

The State General Administration of Press and Publication and anti-porn and illegal publication offices have also played a role in screening games.[13]

Examples of banned games have included:

  • Hearts of Iron (for "distorting history and damaging China's sovereignty and territorial integrity")[14]
  • I.G.I.-2: Covert Strike (for "intentionally blackening China and the Chinese army's image")[15]
  • Command & Conquer: Generals - Zero Hour (for "smearing the image of China and the Chinese army")[14]

In addition to banning games completely, several games have had their content screened to remove certain imagery deemed offensive or unfavorable. Common examples include skeletons or skulls being either fleshed out or removed entirely. Cases of which can be seen the Chinese version of the popular online game, World of Warcraft.

See also

References

  1. ^ C. Custer, 24 January 2010, Chinese Video Games in America, ChinaGeeks
  2. ^ Kohler, Chris (December 24, 2009). "14. Happy Farm (2008)". The 15 Most Influential Games of the Decade. Wired. p. 2. http://www.wired.com/gamelife/2009/12/the-15-most-influential-games-of-the-decade/2/. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Chinaa€s growing addiction: online farming games |". Techgearx.com. 2009-10-29. http://www.techgearx.com/china%E2%80%99s-growing-addiction-online-farming-games/. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  4. ^ Elliott Ng (2009-10-29). "China’s growing addiction: online farming games". VentureBeat. http://venturebeat.com/2009/10/29/china-qq-farm-happy-farm-games/. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  5. ^ Kohler, Chris (May 19, 2010). "Farm Wars: How Facebook Games Harvest Big Bucks". Wired. http://www.wired.com/gamelife/2010/05/farm-wars/. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Facebook》到開心農場歡呼收割". China Times. 2009-09-01. http://life.chinatimes.com/2009Cti/Channel/Life/life-article/0,5047,100304+112009090100272,00.html. Retrieved 12 September 2011.  (Translation)
  7. ^ "Nintendo Asks U.S. to Address Video Game Piracy Problems Worldwide" (Press release). Nintendo of America Inc.. 2008-02-14. http://www.nintendo.com/whatsnew/detail/3GwK3lZIp7jrUUeZdcp7se3MlENRIULs. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  8. ^ Barboza, David (2005-12-09). "Ogre to Slay? Outsource It to Chinese". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/09/technology/09gaming.html?ex=1291784400&en=a723d0f8592dff2e&ei=5090&partner=rssuserland&emc=rss. 
  9. ^ "China launches campaign to crack down on Web porn". Xinhua. 2007-04-12. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2007-04/12/content_5968968.htm. 
  10. ^ Cao Li (2005-06-08). "Death sentence for online gamer". China Daily. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-06/08/content_449494.htm. 
  11. ^ "Man in China dies after three-day Internet session". Reuters. 2007-09-17. http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20070917/od_uk_nm/oukoe_uk_china_internet_death;_ylt=As40zyzEYodIaV6z.3_teaCdk3QF. 
  12. ^ "Censorship on imported online games strengthened". Xinhua. 2004-05-31. http://english.people.com.cn/200405/31/eng20040531_144921.html. 
  13. ^ "50 illegal electronic games banned". Xinhua. 2006-01-26. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2005-01/26/content_2511068.htm. 
  14. ^ a b "Swedish video game banned for harming China's sovereignty". Xinhua. 2004-05-29. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2004-05/29/content_334845.htm. 
  15. ^ "Computer game cracked down on for discrediting China's image". Xinhua. 2004-03-19. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2004-03/19/content_316379.htm. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Online gaming in the People's Republic of China — represents one of the largest and fastest growing Internet business sectors in the country. With 457 million Internet users currently active in the PRC, the country now has the largest online user base in world, of which two thirds engage in… …   Wikipedia

  • Electronics industry in the People's Republic of China — The electronic information industry in China grew rapidly after the liberalization of the economy under the national strategic policy of accelerating the informatization of its industrial development.[1] In 2005, China s electronic information… …   Wikipedia

  • Energy policy of the People's Republic of China — The energy policy of the People s Republic of China is a policy decided on by the Central Government with regard to energy and energy resources. The country is currently the world s largest emitter of greenhouse gases according to a Dutch… …   Wikipedia

  • Pharmaceutical industry in the People's Republic of China — The pharmaceutical industry is one of the leading industries in People s Republic of China, covering synthetic chemicals and drugs, prepared Chinese medicines, medical devices, apparatus and instruments, hygiene materials, packing materials, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Biotechnology industry in the People's Republic of China — The People s Republic of China has seen double digit growth in its biotechnology industry and has gone from being one of the slowest to one of the fastest nations in the adoption of new biotechnologies. The biotech sector is seen in China and… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications industry in the People's Republic of China — This article discusses the telecommunications industry in mainland China. For Hong Kong and Macau, see Communications in Hong Kong and Communications in Macau. The telecommunications industry in China is dominated by three state run businesses:… …   Wikipedia

  • Intellectual property in the People's Republic of China — This article is about intellectual property in mainland China. Intellectual property rights (IPRs) have been acknowledged and protected in the People s Republic of China since 1979. The People s Republic of China has acceded to the major… …   Wikipedia

  • Historical GDP of the People's Republic of China — This article includes a list of China s historical gross domestic product (GDP) values, the market value of all final goods and services produced by a nation in a given year. The GDP dollar estimates presented here are calculated at market or… …   Wikipedia

  • Nuclear power in the People's Republic of China — As of 2011[update], the People s Republic of China has 14 nuclear power reactors spread out over 4 separate sites and 27 under construction.[1][2] China s National Development and Reform Commission has indicated the intention to raise the… …   Wikipedia

  • Automotive industry in the People's Republic of China — Chang an Avenue in Beijing. Since late 2008, the People s Republic of China has been the largest automotive market in the world.[1][2] …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.