Pusapati Ananda Gajapati Raju
Pusapati Ananda Gajapati Raju (
31 December 1850– 23 May 1897) was a Rajah of the Vizianagaramkingdom in North East Coastal Andhra Pradesh, India.
PusapatiRoyal family belongs to the Solar Kshatriyas of the same genealogical tree of which Ramachandraof Ramayana.
According to Edward B. Eastwick, The Maharajah of Vijayanagaram claims descent from the Maharanas of
Udaipurand is of the Vasistha Gotra or the Sisodhyabranch of the Guhilottribes. A brother of the Maharana emigrated to Oudh, and in the 529 A.D. his descendant, Madhava Varma, marched with Four clans into the Dakhan, and conquered the country from Ramanad to Katak. His capital was Vijayanagar, afterwards transferred to Bezawada. His descendants reigned over this kingdom for 921 years. In 1512 they were subjected by Sultan Kuli of the Golkondadynasty. Under the 5th King of that line an ancestor of the present ruler of Vijayanagaram was made Subahdarof the North Sarkars. The Emperor Aurangzebconfirmed the Subahdar in his office and gave him a two-edged sword(zulfikar), which is still used in the coat-of-arms of the family. In 1817 the father of the present ruler made over his estate to Government to clear off his debts of 200,000 rupees. In 1827 he again made over his estate and died at Banaras, leaving a debt of 1,100,000. His successor, the later Maharajah Vijayarama Gajapati Raju III, was recognized in the room of his father in 1845 and had several honors conferred on him by the British Government. Lord Northbrook obtained for him the title of His Highness, and had his name enrolled among those of chiefs entitled to return visits from the Viceroy. He was clear of debt and distinguished himself by many acts of charity. His son was born December 31st 1850 and a daughter is married to His Highness Maharaj Kumar Singh, cousin and heir apparent of H.H.Maharajah of Rewah. The area of the country is convert|2000|sqmi|km2|-3 with a population of 800,000 persons.
The Rajahs of Vizianagaram obtained the title of 'Gajapathi', by right of conquest after the battle of
Nandapur, in the Northern Circars in the sixteenth century. They never paid chouth to the Maharattas or any money as tribute to the French.
Ananda Gajapati was the second of the three children, born to Maharajah Vijayarama Gajapati Raju. Narayana Gajapati (10-2-1850 - 29-9-1863) was his elder brother and Appala Kondayamba (16-2-1859 - 14-12-1912) was his younger sister.
Noble scion of a Noble house
Ananda Gajapati learnt
Sanskritunder the guidance of eminent scholars like Bhagavathula Hari Sastry, Mysore Bhimacharyulu and Mudumbai Narasimha Swamy. Major Thomson and Lingam Lakshmoji taught him English. He was proficient in Latinand French.
During the rule of Maharajah Ananda Gajapati, education, literature and music received a tremendous fillip and Telugu culture throve considerably. Known widely for both munificence and cultural magnificence, Ananda Gajapati Raju was granted the personal title of 'Maharajah'. He was a Member of the Madras Legislative Council for many years and was created a G.C.I.E. in 1892. [ [http://www.uq.net.au/%7Ezzhsoszy/ips/v/vizianagram.html Vizianagaram Zamindari] ] He was held in awe, reverence and admiration as the most cultured and munificent, the most erudite and graceful, the most accomplished and humane of all the princes of Vizianagaram till his time.
Abhinava Andhra Bhoja
Bhojawas known for his princely grace, wisdom, splendor and literary patronage. Maharajah Ananda Gajapati had been acclaimed throughout the Telugu speaking world as "Abhinava Andhra Boja". He richly deserved the title both for his personal accomplishments and tastes. He spared no effort to make Vizianagaram the center of learning, a Banarasin AndhraDesa.
Satavadhani Chellapilla wrote and published an essay in Krishna Patrika in 1941 about the Vizianagaram Samsthanam. Ananda Gajapati revered tradition and exerted himself to the utmost to uphold and maintain it. His court was a regular meeting ground for men of varied attainments. His patronage of scholars, poets, literature and artists are comparable to
Krishna Deva Rayaof HampiVijayanagaram. The Diggajas of Maharajah Ananda Gajapati's court are Mudumbai Narasimachari, Varaha Narasimha, Kolluru Kama Sastri, the poet, Peri Venkata Sastri, the master of Shastras and his son Peri Kasinadha Sastri. He assigned them projects and commissioned the translation of Dharma Sastras.
He generously gave financial support of a lakh rupees to
Max Mullerfor his translational work of Rig Veda.
Poona Gayani Samaj was a society founded for the purpose of promoting out classical music mainly Hindusthani music on 13 September 1894. It was heavily funded by Ananda Gajapati Raju. He helped and funded the publication of "Gayala Siddanjanam" and "Swara Manjari" written by Tachchuri Singracharya brothers of Madras. Ananda Gajapati had in his court an Italian Band set consisting of 48 players and a
Shehnaitroupe with twelve players. He was said to have tutored the eminent VeenaVenkata Ramana.
Reputed actors and stage artists were part of his court. Jagannadha Vilasini was a dramatic society started during his father's reign in 1874 and used to give performances in Sanskrit and Telugu at Pithapuram and Madras. The chief of the actors was Butchi Sastry and the society was also referred to as 'Butchi Sastry Troupe'. Ananda Gajapati has invited Gomatham Srinivasa Charyulu, known as Indian
Garrickto his court and also patronized the play "Harischandra" he wrote in English.
The Maharajah had a forward-looking temperament and progressive views. He it was who originally initiated social reform.
Gurajada Appa Raowho wrote the epoch-making play Kanyasulkamdedicated it to the Maharajah. The writer declares in his preface to the first edition that the Maharajah inaugurated a brilliant epoch in the history of Telugu Literature.
Vizianagaram Treaty of November 15, 1758 and the end of fifteen years war between the English and the French for the sovereignty of India from 1744 to 1759 A.D. was the work of a historiographer. Ananda Gajapati Raju composed and got it printed by Vest and company, Madras in 1894. He quoted extensively from various historical sources, the chief of which was The History of the Rise and Progress of the Bengal Army. He collected data from more than forty scholars, historians, poets and documenters; some of the most important are: Orme, Broome, Cambridge, Carmichael, Gleiig, Taylor and Adams, Pusapati Vijayarama Raju, Meer Alum,
Megasthenesand Huen Tsang. His admiration for the glory of his forbears and their glorious past where his ancestors paved the way for the firm establishment of the British power in the country culminated in this master piece of his research work.
*Ananda Gajapati: Vizianagaram Treaty., Vest and Co., Madras, 1894.
*Dr. V.V.B. Rama Rao: Poosapati Ananda Gajapati Raju., Published by International Telugu Institute, Hyderabad, 1985.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pusapati — or Poosapati was the ruling clan of the Kalinga Vizianagaram (founded in late 16th century AD). They were Kshatriyas of the Suryavanshi race.HistoryThe Paricchedi Kings were ancestors of the Pusapati royal family who built Bezawada (Modern… … Wikipedia
Vizianagaram — Vizia nagaram ( te. విజయనగరo), sometimes spelt as Vijaya nagaram is the main city of the Vizianagaram District of North Eastern Andhra Pradesh in Southern India. Vizianagaram district was formed on 1 June 1979, with some parts carved from the… … Wikipedia
Maharaja of Vizianagram — The Maharaja of Vizianagram was the title held by the rulers of the princely state of Vizianagram, now in Andhra Pradesh, India. The prominent people who have held this title include : Pusapati Amala Raju (Founder) Pusapati Rachi Raju… … Wikipedia
Maharajah's College — మహారాజా కళాశాల Logo of Maharajah s College Motto Righteousness in the heart and beauty in the character Established … Wikipedia
Gurazada Apparao — Gurajada Venkata Apparao (1862 1915)(Telugu: గురజాడ అప్పారావు) wrote the first Telugu play, Kanyasulkam , which is often considered the greatest play in the Telugu language. Gurajada Apparao was an influential social reformer of his age and was… … Wikipedia
Bobbili — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name = Bobbili | type = city | latd = 18.5667 | longd = 83.3667 locator position = right | state name = Andhra Pradesh district = Vizianagaram leader title = MLA leader name = Sujay Krishna Rangarao, Ravu… … Wikipedia
East Godavari — District is a district situated on the northeast of the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. Its district headquarters is Kakinada. The district is bounded on the north by Visakhapatnam District and the state of Orissa, on the northwest by Khammam… … Wikipedia
1897 — This article is about the year 1897. Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 18th century – 19th century – 20th century Decades: 1860s 1870s 1880s – 1890s – 1900s 191 … Wikipedia
Order of the Indian Empire — The insignia of The Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire Awarded by the Queen of the United Kingdom Type … Wikipedia
Pericchedi — The Paricchedi Kings were an ancient ruling clan in Andhra and are ancestors of the Pusapati royal family. Paricchedis built Bezawada (Modern Vijayawada) off the river Krishna by 626 AD and another capital in Kollipaka establishing themselves for … Wikipedia