Australian Crawl

Infobox musical artist |
Name = Australian Crawl

Img_capt = Australian Crawl live
Img_size =
Landscape =
Background = group_or_band
Alias = Clutch Cargo
Origin = Mornington Peninsula, Victoria, Australia
Genre = Pop
Years_active = 1978–1986
Label = EMI, Geffen, Virgin
Associated_acts = The Party Boys
The Angels
Kevin Borich Express
Current_members =
Past_members = Simon Binks
David Reyne
James Reyne
Brad Robinson (d. 1996)
Paul Williams
Bill McDonough
Guy McDonough (d. 1984)
Graham "Buzz" Bidstrup
John Watson
Mark Greig
Harry Brus

Australian Crawl (often called Aussie Crawl or The Crawl by fans) was an Australian rock band founded by James Reyne (lead vocals/piano), Brad Robinson (rhythm guitar), Paul Williams (bass guitar), Simon Binks (lead guitar) and David Reyne (drums) in 1978.cite book |title=Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop |url= |format=doc |last=McFarlane |first=Ian |authorlink= Ian McFarlane |publisher=Allen & Unwin |year=1999 |isbn=1-86448-768-2 |accessdate=2008-03-01] David Reyne soon left and was replaced by Bill McDonough (drums, percussion).cite web |url= |title=Australian Rock Database entry on Australian Crawl |publisher=Magnus Holmgren |accessdate=2008-03-01 ] They were later joined by his brother Guy McDonough (vocals, rhythm guitar). The band was named after the front crawl swimming style also known as the Australian crawl.

Australian Crawl appeared to perform only hedonistic surf music,cite web |url= |title=Allmusic article on Australian Crawl |last=Mureika |first=Tomas |publisher=Allmusic |accessdate=2008-03-02 ] they represented the 1980s surf culturecite web |title=Howlspace entry on Australian Crawl |url= |publisher=Ed Nimmervol |accessdate=2008-03-01 ] and sponsored a surfing competition in 1984.cite web |url= |title=Memorable TV Oz Rock: Australian Crawl entry |publisher=Memorable TV / Little Acorns Publishing |accessdate=2008-03-02 ] However, they also handled broader social issues such as shallow materialism, car accidents, and cautionary tales of romance.

After their 1980 debut album, "The Boys Light Up" reached #4, Australian Crawl had two #1 albums; 1981's "Sirocco" and 1982's "Sons of Beaches". Their early singles reached the top 25 but none broke into the Top Ten; their best performing single was #1 hit "Reckless" which showed a more mature approach than earlier hits, and came from their 1983 "Semantics" EP.

Upheaval within the band occurred from 1983 onwards, first Bill McDonough left, then his brother Guy McDonough died in 1984, various other members left. Their 1985 release "Between a Rock and a Hard Place" was expensive but sales were disappointing; and they disbanded early in 1986. The band's status as an icon on the Australian music scene was acknowledged by induction into the 1996 Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) Hall of Fame.cite web |url= |publisher=ARIA |title="1996: 10th Annual ARIA Awards" |accessdate=2008-03-01 ]



The band Spiff Rouch formed in 1976 in the Mornington Peninsula suburb of Mt. Eliza on the outskirts of Melbourne. The group lineup featured James Reyne, brothers Bill and Guy McDonough, Paul Williams, Robert Walker and Simon Binks. Reyne had previously played drums for Archie Slammit and the Doors.cite news |url= |title=Songs of Melbourne |publisher="The Age" |last=Carney |first=Shaun |coauthors=Jeff Jenkins, Michael Dwyer, Chris Beck, Martin Flanagan, Alan Attwood |date=2004-08-28 |accessdate=2008-03-19 ]

By early 1978 Spiff Rouch had separated into two groups: The Flatheads (including the McDonough brothers and Walker, along with Sean Higgins and Nigel Spencer) and Australian Crawl. The original lineup for the latter was Reyne as vocalist, Binks on lead guitar, Williams on bass guitar, along with Reyne's younger brother David Reyne on drums and schoolmate Brad Robinson on rhythm guitar. Australian Crawl performed their first live gig in October 1978 and toured the pub circuit.cite web |url= |title=Australian Crawl |publisher=Nostalgia Central|accessdate=2008-03-01 ]

David Reyne left the group in 1979 to finish his acting course, later becoming an actor and TV presenter as well as drumming for Cats Under Pressure and the Chantoozies (1986-1990). He was replaced in Australian Crawl by Bill McDonough. The group's popularity in the Mornington Peninsula area increased with further pub gigs, then they gained audiences with university students and inner city residents.

Once the band’s escalating popularity brought them into Melbourne they caught the attention of Little River Band’s guitarist David Briggs, who helped them gain a recording contract with EMI and he produced their first single. "Beautiful People" (1979) reached #22 on the National charts.cite book |title=Australian Chart Book 1970-1992 |format=doc |last=Kent |first=David |authorlink= David Kent|publisher=Australian Chart Book, St Ives, N.S.W. |year=1993 |isbn=0-646-11917-6 |accessdate=2008-02-19] Reyne had co-written the song with guitarist Mark Hudson in 1975.cite web |url= |title=Australasian Performing Right Association |publisher=APRA |accessdate=2008-03-19 ] The track included references to the shallow materialism of residents of Toorak and to the Bombay Rock night club in Brunswick.

Just days before recording "Beautiful People" Reyne had been hit by a car in Swanston St, Melbourne breaking bones in both wrists, an episode later chronicled in the track "Indisposed". [ cite web |url= |title=Countdown Club entry on Australian Crawl |publisher=ABC |accessdate=2008-03-02 ] Australian Crawl made one of the most memorable debuts on Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) TV series "Countdown" performing "Beautiful People" as Reyne still had "both arms encased in plaster". [cite web |url= |title=Australian Crawl |publisher=ABC |accessdate=2008-03-29 ] [cite book |url= |title=Molly Meldrum presents 50 years of rock in Australia |last=Jenkins |first=Jeff |coauthors=Ian Meldrum |year=2007 |publisher=Wilkinson Publishing |location=Melbourne |isbn=9781921332111 |accessdate=2008-04-24 ] "Beautiful People" remains one of their most popular songs according to listeners of Triple M in 2007.cite web |url= |title=Triple M's Essential 2007 Countdown |publisher=Triple M |accessdate=2008-03-02 ]


Australian Crawl's 1980 debut album "The Boys Light Up" (also produced by Briggs for EMI) had a number of hit singles with songwriting shared around the group and beyond. Tracks from this album included the previously released single "Beautiful People", the title track (written by Reyne); "Indisposed" (Brad Robinson, James Robinson, Reyne, Bill McDonough) and "Downhearted" (Sean Higgins, Guy McDonough, Bill McDonough) (from The Flatheads). Brad Robinson's father James Robinson was a Federal Arbitration Court Justice.

"The Boys Light Up", their second single, was almost banned from radio play due to its explicit lyrics. Many listeners believed the chorus lyrics were about smoking marijuana but Reyne has stated that it was about smoking tobacco cigarettes at school. [cite web |url= |title="Love is in the air" Episode 5: "National Anthems"; transcript of interview with James Reyne |publisher=ABC-TV |date=2003-11-09 |accessdate=2008-03-02 ] It also reached #22 on the National charts and remains almost as popular as "Beautiful People". Their third single "Downhearted" charted higher at #12 and was a cautionary tale of romance gone wrong.

"The Boys Light Up" reached #4 on the Australian album charts and remained in the charts for an unbroken 101 weeks. It sold five times platinum: over 280 000 copies, and became one of the biggest Australian albums of the 1980s. Singer/guitarist/songwriter Guy McDonough (ex-The Flatheads and Bill's younger brother) joined the group in October 1980.

Rock journalist and commentator, Glenn A. Baker compared Australian Crawl with various fellow Australian bands:


In 1981, Australian Crawl recorded their second album, "Sirocco" with producer Peter Dawkins in Sydney. Named for Errol Flynn's yacht, the album peaked at No. 1 on the Australian album chart on 3 August and remained there for six weeks. At about this time Robinson was married to actress Kerry Armstrong, later an Australian Film Institute Award winner, [imdb name|id=0035788|name=Kerry Armstrong] who co-wrote a track "Easy On Your Own" for the album.

"Sirocco" spawned the hit singles "Things Don't Seem" (May, #11 National charts) and "Errol" (August, #18). It also included "Oh No Not You Again" (November). ["Who's Who of Australia Rock" Chris Spencer, Zbig Nowara, Phil McHenry] Of these, "Errol" about womanising Tasmanian-born actor Flynn is the band's third most popular song of all. Another track from the album, "Lakeside", became a popular radio inclusion. 1981 Australian End of Year Album Charts has "Sirocco" at #2 behind "Double Fantasy" by John Lennon and ahead of AC/DC's "Back in Black" making it the best charting album by an Australian act. [cite book
last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = |editor=Angus Cameron | title =The Second Australian Almanac | publisher =Angus & Robertson | year = 1986 | location = | pages = | url = | doi = | id = | isbn =0-207-15232-2
] On the wave of this popularity the band toured extensively playing to huge crowds at Melbourne's Myer Music Bowl (100,000), Sydney's Domain (90,000), the Narara Rock festival (70,000), smashing attendance records at indoor venues in Brisbane and Perth. They were voted "Countdown" 1981 Most Popular Group, and James Reyne was voted 1980 and 1981 Most Popular Male Performer. [cite book |last=Atkinson |first=Ann |coauthors=Linsay Knight, Margaret McPhee |title=The Dictionary of Performing Arts in Australia |publisher=Allen & Unwin |year=1996 |url= |isbn=1863738983 ]

"Sons of Beaches" (1982) was recorded in Hawaii with expatriate Australian Mike Chapman producing. The album had a rougher, rock 'n' roll edge than its glossy pop rock predecessors and featured the #17 hit "Shut Down" (June). It also included a re-recorded version of "Downhearted" and became their second album to reach No. 1 on the Australian albums chart and remained there for five weeks. EMI issued the album in the USA. Two further singles, "Daughters of the Northern Coast" (August) and "Runaway Girls" (November) failed to reach the Australian Top 40.

Over 1982-1983 Reyne was filmed with Australian actresses Rebecca Gilling and Wendy Hughes in the television miniseries "Return to Eden", which was screened in September 1983.cite web |url= |title=Internet Movie Database entry on James Reyne |publisher=IMDb |accessdate=2008-04-01 ] For Reyne's role of playboy tennis professional Greg Marsden, he was given the 1984 "Most Popular New Talent Award" at the TV Week Logie Awards. [cite web |url= |title=1984 TV Week Logie Awards |publisher="TV Week" |accessdate=2008-03-03 ] Reyne later declared he was not very good in the part, declining many acting offers since. During breaks in filming, the singer accepted an offer from Paul Christie (Mondo Rock) and Kevin Borich to join their part-time band The Party Boys with Harvey James from Sherbet and Graham Bidstrup from The Angels. The group played a short run of shows around Sydney venues and played covers exclusively. [cite web |url= |title=Band Members - The Party Boys |publisher=Eric Burdon Albums |accessdate=2008-04-25 ] The resultant album, "Live at Several 21sts", peaked at No. 9 on the national chart. [cite book|last=McGrath|first=Noel|title=Noel McGrath's Australian Encyclopaedia of Rock & Pop|origyear=1978|edition=Revised edition|year=1984|publisher=Rigby|location=Adelaide|isbn=0727019090]


Soon after Reyne finished acting for "Return to Eden", Bill McDonough left due to tensions within the band. The remaining members then recorded the EP "Semantics" (1983) with Bidstrup (from The Party Boys, later a founder of GANGgajang) on drums. The four track EP contained their best-known song, "Reckless" (aka "Don't Be So Reckless", "She Don't Like That") which was written by Reyne, and went to No. 1 on the Australian singles chart on 28 November. John Watson (Kevin Borich Express) then came in as a permanent replacement for McDonough. The live mini-album "Phalanx" was something of a stop-gap measure between studio albums, nevertheless it reached #4 during December. The band's biggest overseas break came when Duran Duran took the band as support on certain legs of their "Sing Blue Silver" tour of the UK.

US label Geffen Records signed Australian Crawl and issued "Semantics" (1984) as an album (with the four songs from the EP and a compilation of tracks from past Australian records) for the American market. In April 1984 Australian Crawl became the first Australian band to sponsor an ASP surfing competition. The Rip Curl/Australian Crawl Bell's Beach Surfing Festival was won by Australian surfer, Cheyne Horan. [cite web |url= |title=Pro Surfing Events 1976-1999 |publisher=Cheyne Horan |accessdate=2008-04-18]

In June 1984 the band was forced off the road when Guy McDonough was admitted to hospital in Melbourne; he died soon after of viral pneumonia. Australian Crawl regrouped with Mark Greig on guitar (ex-Runners) for a series of live performances in late 1984. Prior to Guy's death, he had recorded demos with his brother Bill McDonough (drums, percussion), Sean Higgins (synthesisers) and Nigel Spencer (bass, synthesisers), (all former The Flatheads); and Mick Hauser (saxophone) and Michael Bright (guitar).cite web |url= |title=Australian Rock Database entry on Guy McDonough |publisher=Magnus Holmgren |accessdate=2008-03-21 ] Bill McDonough assembled the tapes and produced Guy McDonough's posthumous album "My Place" on Wheatley Records in April 1985.cite web |url= |title=Guy McDonough - "My Place" | |accessdate=2008-03-31 ] cite web |url= |title=Obscure 80's/MFV Archive |publisher=New Wave Outpost |accessdate=2008-03-31 ] Singles "My Place" / "Things Don't Seem" and "What's in it For Me" / "Hook, Line and Sinker" were also released. [cite web |url= |title=Albums by Guy McDonough |publisher=Rate Your Music |accessdate=2008-04-05 ] "Things Don't Seem" written by Guy McDonough, had been released as an Australian Crawl single in 1981 off "Sirocco". [cite web |url= |title="Things Don't Seem" / "Big Fish" |publisher=Rate Your Music |accessdate=2008-04-05 ] Tracks from these sessions were re-mastered and released on "Lost & Found" in 1996.cite web |url= |title="Lost & Found" album insert |publisher=James Reyne Official website |accessdate=2008-04-15 ]


By 1985 the group recorded their last studio album, "Between a Rock and a Hard Place", with English producer Adam Kidron. It was released in Australia on Australian Crawl's own label Freestyle Records. [cite web |url= |title="Between a Rock and a Hard Place" |publisher=GEMM |accessdate=2008-04-25 ] For the album sessions, Binks was replaced by Simon Hussey (ex-Cats Under Pressure with David Reyne) on guitars and keyboards. The album, which allegedly cost $400,000 to record, was a mishmash of styles and a commercial disaster (it peaked at #12 in August, 1985 but slipped out of the Top 40 two weeks later). None of the singles had any Top 40 chart success. Harry Brus (Kevin Borich Express) replaced long-standing bass player Paul Williams in May 1985. The band performed three songs for the July 1985 Oz for Africa concert (part of the global Live Aid program)— - "Reckless (Don't Be So)", "Two Can Play" and "The Boys Light Up". It was broadcast in Australia (on both Seven Network and Nine Network) and on MTV in the US.cite web |url= |title="Oz for Africa" | |accessdate=2008-03-12 ]

When the album virtually failed to chart, the band was ready to split but had to go out on tour, with Binks in the band, for the next year to pay off its debts. The band performed its final concert on 27 January 1986. The concert was recorded and released as the live album "The Final Wave" in October.

In seven years, Australian Crawl had sold over a million records in Australia, with five of its albums and an EP reaching the Australian Top 5 Album Charts, two of which had been No. 1 hits. A cumulative total of eleven weeks at Number 1 on the Albums Charts places them equal fourth for Australian groups behind Skyhooks, The Seekers and Midnight Oil. [cite news |title=Music Business News archive | |url= |last=Eliezer |first=Christie |date=2006-11-21 |accessdate-2008-03-30 ]

Post 1986

In 1985, Lin Buckfield (Electric Pandas) [cite web |url= |title=Spicks and Specks Episode Twenty Two |publisher=ABC |accessdate=2008-04-05 ] and Reyne released a duet single "R.O.C.K." / "Under My Thumb". [cite web |url= |title="R.O.C.K." / "Under My Thumb" |publisher=Rate Your Music |accessdate=2008-04-05 ] After Australian Crawl disbanded, Reyne went on to a solo career. His first few singles failed to chart but 1987's "Fall of Rome" and the self titled album that followed were the beginning of a string of hits that lasted until the early 1990s. In 1992 he and James Blundell had a hit with a cover of The Dingoes' "Way Out West" (#2, May 1992). [ cite web |url= |title=Australian Charts - "Way Out West" | |accessdate=2008-04-28] Reyne also formed Company of Strangers that year with former Sherbet lead singer Daryl Braithwaite, Simon Hussey and Jef Scott. Company of Strangers only released one self-titled album, Company of Strangers in 1992, which produced the hits "Motor City (I Get Lost)" (#26, September 1992), "Sweet Love" (#21, January 1993) and "Daddy's Gonna Make You a Star" (#35, March 1993). [ cite web |url= |title=Australian Charts - 'Company of Strangers' | |accessdate=2008-04-28]

In 1993 Reyne appeared as Tina Turner's manager Roger Davies in "What's Love Got to do With It?". He featured in twelve episodes of "State Coroner" during 1998 and in 2003's "The Postcard Bandit". Reyne lives on the Mornington Peninsula with his partner, Tina, and a daughter.cite news |url= |title=Home, James |last=Wilmoth |first=Peter |date=2007-06-10 |publisher="The Age" |accessdate=2008-03-05 ] He has released his eighth solo studio album, "Every Man a King" (2007) and still performs occasionally.

Almost immediately after the split Robinson became manager of Chantoozies (with early Crawl drummer David Reyne). Their first single, "Witch Queen of New Orleans" (1986), a cover of Redbone's song, reached #4 on the National charts. [cite web |publisher=Memorable TV |url= |title=Memorable TV entry on The Chantoozies |accessdate=2008-03-05 ] Robinson then moved into a career in television (with Network Ten's "Page One") and as a co-producer of documentaries. In the 1990s he became the manager for the Reyne brothers and worked as an agent for the Advantage Sports Management Group. This included managing Australian tennis player Mark Philippoussis.cite web |url= |title=Master Blaster |publisher="Australian Tennis Magazine" |month=December |year=1996 |last=Petkovski |first=Suzi |accessdate=2008-04-10 ] Three years after being diagnosed with lymphoma, Robinson died on 13 October 1996. The band was inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame in 1996, weeks before Robinson's death.

Binks played in the Broderick Smith Band in 1988. [cite web |url= |title=Australian Rock Database entry on Broderick Smith |publisher=Magnus Holmgren |accessdate=2008-03-05 ] He was injured in a 1995 car crash at a council roadworks that left him slightly brain-damaged.cite news |url= |title=Rocker gets $330,000 for drunken crash |last=Wallace |first=Natasha |coauthors= David Braithwaite |date=2006-05-26 |publisher="The Sydney Morning Herald" |accessdate=2008-04-03 ] A court in 2006 awarded him $330,253 in damages, down from an estimated $750,000 because he was said to be over the legal limit. Binks later disputed the alcohol reading as belonging to another driver and stated the remuneration mostly went to his lawyers. [cite web |url= |title="Guitarist wins compo claim" |last=Temple |first=Will |date=2005-05-26 | |accessdate=2008-03-05 ] A 2007 appeal by the council, saw amount awarded further reduced to $304,750. [cite news |url= |title=Less damages for Australian Crawl member |publisher="National Nine News" |date=2007-09-18 |accessdate=2008-04-09 ] Australian Crawl compilation "Lost & Found" was released in 1996 and contained seven of the tracks from Guy McDonough's solo album "My Place" which were remastered. [cite web |url= |title="Lost & Found" by Australian Crawl |publisher=Rate Your Music |accessdate=2008-04-05 ] cite web |url= |title="Lost & Found" by members of Australian Crawl | |accessdate=2008-04-05 ] Compilers and producers of "Lost & Found" were Bill McDonough and Peter Blyton. "Lost & Found" tracks from "My Place" include "Too Many People" a duet sung by Guy McDonough with Colin Hay of Men at Work. [cite web |url= |title=Participações (Participation) | |accessdate=2008-03-31 ] Some "My Place" tracks used on "Lost & Found" have Reyne singing backing vocals. As of 2007, Bill McDonough was working in the construction industry.

Williams who had left the band in 1985, was working in music-related retail.

In 2001 the Australian Performing Right Association (APRA), as part of its 75th Anniversary celebrations, compiled a list of the Top 30 Australian songs, with "Reckless (Don't Be So)" coming in at number nineteen. [cite web|url= |title=The songs that resonate through theyears: Industry votes for Top 30 Australian songs |publisher=APRA |last=Kruger |first=Debbie |date=2001-05-02 |accessdate=2008-04-28] [cite web |url= |title=APRA's 30 Best Australian Songs of All Time (2001) |publisher=Rate Your Music |accessdate=2008-04-28]

On October 14, 2002, EMI released a two-CD Greatest Hits package called "Australian Crawl & James Reyne: The Definitive Collection", which contained songs from the band and from James Reyne's solo career. [cite web |url= |title=Definitive Collection |publisher=Sun Herald |accessdate=2008-03-18]

In October 2007, eleven Australian Crawl tracks were featured in the Triple M Essential 2007 Countdown of songs (positions are voted by listeners out of the best 2007 songs of all time). They were "Hoochie Gucci Fioruci Mama" #1673; "Lakeside" #1354; "Indisposed" #956; "Downhearted" #728; "Oh No Not You Again" #587; "Shut Down" #415; "Things Don't Seem" #371; "Boys Light Up" #305; "Errol" #227; "Beautiful People" #153; and "Reckless" #39.


Chronological list:
*Simon Binks — guitars (1978-1984, 1985-1986)
*David Reyne — drums (1978)
*James Reyne — vocals, guitars, keyboards (1978-1986)
*Brad Robinson (d. 1996) — guitars, keyboards (1978-1986)
*Paul Williams — bass guitar (1978-1985)
*Bill McDonough — drums (replaced David Reyne) (1978-1983)
*Guy McDonough (d. 1984) — vocals, guitar (1980-1984)
*Graham "Buzz" Bidstrup — drums (replaced Bill McDonough) (1983)
*John Watson — drums (replaced Bidstrup) (1983-1986)
*Mark Greig — guitars (replaced Guy McDonough) (1984-1986)
*Simon Hussey — guitars, keyboards (replaced Binks on "Between a Rock and a Hard Place") (1984)
*Harry Brus — bass guitar (replaced Williams) (1985-1986)


tudio albums

* 1980: "The Boys Light Up"
* 1981: "Sirocco"
* 1982: "Sons of Beaches"
* 1985: "Between a Rock and a Hard Place"

Extended plays

* 1983: "Semantics"

Live recordings and compilations

* 1983: "Phalanx"
* 1984: "Semantics" (US extended version)
* 1984: "Crawl File" (re-released on CD in 1994)
* 1986: "The Final Wave"
* 1996: "Lost & Found"
* 1998: ""
* 2000: "" credited to Australian Crawl and James Reyne
* 2002: "Australian Crawl and James Reyne: The Definitive Collection"


External links

* [ Official James Reyne website]
* [ Australian Rock Database]

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