Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand

Queen Charlotte Sound is the easternmost of the main sounds of the Marlborough Sounds, in New Zealand's South Island. It is, like the other sounds, a drowned valley, and like the majority of its neighbours it runs southwest to northeast before joining Cook Strait.

The town of Picton, the northern terminus of the South Island's railway and State Highway networks, lies near the head of the Sound. Other settlements by the sound are small and isolated - often simply individual properties. Due to the rugged nature of he coast, for many of these access is by boat only.

To the east of the sound lie Arapawa Island and Tory Channel. Interisland ferries use Tory Channel and Queen Charlotte Sound on their journeys between Picton and Wellington in the North Island.

Parallel to Queen Charlotte Sound to the northwest lies Kenepuru Sound, an arm of Pelorus Sound, Marlborough's other main sound. Some of the small side arms of the two sounds are only hundreds of metres apart, but are separated by a steep serrated range of hills. Not surprisingly, one of the settlements on this stretch of coast is called Portage, named for the simplest method of passing between the two sounds.

It was from a hill on Arapawa Island in 1770 that Captain James Cook first saw the sea passage from the Pacific Ocean to the Tasman Sea, which was named Cook Strait. This discovery banished the fond notion of geographers that there existed a great southern continent.

The area was a base for whaling throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, notably at Perano Head on Arapawa Island.

Queen Charlotte Sound has calm water and is popular for sailing - a marked contrast to the notorious waters of Cook Strait. Many ships have been wrecked close to the entrance to the Sound, most notably in recent years the Russian cruise liner "Mikhail Lermontov", which sank in 1986 in Port Gore after striking rocks. One life was lost in the incident.

External links

* [http://www.qctrack.co.nz/ Queen Charlotte Track]
* [http://www.visitpicton.com Visit Picton]
* [http://travography.com/blog/2006/05/cooks-dark-paradise.html Cook's Dark Paradise] by Roderick Eime

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Queen Charlotte Sound — is the name of two channels:*Queen Charlotte Sound (Canada), is located in British Columbia. *Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand, is located in the Marlborough Sounds …   Wikipedia

  • Queen Charlotte Sound (Canada) — There is also a Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand. Queen Charlotte Sound is a sound of the Pacific Ocean in British Columbia, Canada, between Vancouver Island in the south and the Queen Charlotte Islands in the north. It merges with Hecate… …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand — Nouvelle Zélande New Zealand (en) Aotearoa (mi) Nouvelle Zélande …   Wikipédia en Français

  • New Zealand place names — Most New Zealand place names are derived from Māori and British sources. Both groups used names to commemorate notable people, events, places from their homeland, their ships or to described the surrounding area. The Māori did not have a… …   Wikipedia

  • Coastal fortifications of New Zealand — The New Zealand coastline is 15,134 km long. Coastal fortifications were constructed in New Zealand in two main waves. The first wave occurred around 1885 and was a response to fears of an attack by Russia. The second wave occurred during World… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of New Zealand history — This is a timeline of the History of New Zealand. Pre Colonial Timeline (to 1839) Before 1600* 180: Lake Taupo erupts violently. * 1000 1300: Archaeological evidence (such as the cabbage tree ovens on the Otago Peninsula) indicates that… …   Wikipedia

  • Picton, New Zealand — Picton is a town in the Marlborough region of New Zealand. It is near the head of Queen Charlotte Sound near the north east corner of the South Island. The population was 2925 in the 2006 Census, a decrease of 75 from 2001. [cite… …   Wikipedia

  • Beer in New Zealand — Beer is the most popular alcoholic drink in New Zealand, accounting for 63% of available alcohol for sale.[1] New Zealand is ranked 19th in beer consumption per capita, at around 75.5 litres per person per annum. The vast majority of beer… …   Wikipedia

  • 1839 in New Zealand — IncumbentsRegal and Vice Regal*Head of State Queen Victoria *Governor of New South Wales – Sir George Gipps *Lieutenant Governor – Captain William Hobson (ratified 30 July) Government and law Events *3 MarchWises New Zealand Guide, 7th Edition,… …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish place names in New Zealand — This is a list of placenames in Scotland which have subsequently been applied to parts of New Zealand by Scottish emigrants or .The South Island also contains the Strath Taieri and the Ben Ohau Range of mountains, both combining Scots Gaelic and… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.