- Louis-Charles, Count of Beaujolais
Prince Louis-Charles of Orléans, Comte de
Beaujolais( October 17, 1779- May 30, 1808) was the younger brother of King Louis-Philippe I of the French.
Louis-Charles was born in
Paris, the third and youngest son of Louis-Philippe-Joseph, Duc d'Orléans, better known as "Philippe Égalité", and of his wife, Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a Prince du Sang.
In 1781 the Comtesse de Genlis was appointed to be the governess to Louis-Charles and to his two older brothers Louis-Philippe and Antoine. ["Memoirs of the Countess de Genlis" (New York: Wilder and Campbell, 1825), II, 88.] Two years later the abbé Mariottini, nephew of the
apostolic nuncioto France was made his tutor, but he resigned in 1786 after a conflict with Madame de Genlis. Louis-Charles was then tutored by the first chamberlain Barrois, before being assigned to the under-governor Lebrun in 1789.
In April 1793 Louis-Charles was arrested with his father and imprisoned at Fort-Saint-Jean in
Marseille. During his imprisonment he contracted tuberculosis, a condition which eventually caused his death. His father was executed in November 1793 but Louis-Charles remained imprisoned until August 1796 when the Directory decided to exile him and his brother Antoine to Philadelphia. The French chargé d'affairesin Philadelphia settled upon Louis-Charles an annual pension of 15,000 francs.
In February 1797 Louis-Charles and Antoine were joined in Philadelphia by their older brother Louis-Philippe. Together they travelled to
New York Cityand Boston, and as far north as Maineand as far south as Nashville.
In September 1797 Louis-Charles and his brothers learnt that their mother had gone into exile in
Spain, and so they decided to return to Europe. They went to New Orleans, planning to sail to Cubaand from there to Spain. The ship they took from New Orleans, however, was captured by a British warship in the Gulf of Mexico. The British seized the three brothers, but took them to Havanaanyway. Unable to find passage to Europe, the three brothers spent a year in Cuba, until they were unexpectedly expelled by the Spanish authorities. They sailed via the Bahamasto Nova Scotia. Eventually, the brothers sailed back to New York, and in January 1800, they arrived in England, where they settled at Twickenhamoutside London.
In September 1804 Louis-Charles entered the
Royal Navy, but his health did not allow him to continue a military career. In October he and his brothers went on a brief expedition to the French coast. They were fired upon by the French batteries at Boulogne but escaped without harm. ["The Times" (October 3, 1804): 2.]
In 1808, in an attempt to improve Louis-Charles' health, his older brother Louis-Philippe accompanied him on a voyage to
Gibraltar, Sicilyand Malta. Louis-Charles, however, continued to deteriorate; he died of tuberculosisa fortnight after his arrival on the island. His funeral took place on June 3. Ten years later his body was buried on April 10, 1818in St John's Co-Cathedralin Valletta. James Pradierdesigned and sculpted his tomb, a replica of which is at Dreux.
Louis-Charles' portrait was painted posthumously in 1818 by Albert Grégorius (now in the
Palais Royal) and by Charles-Francois Phelippes (now in the Palais-Royal). Another portrait was painted in 1835 by Amédée Fauré(now at the Château d'Eu). There are copies of all three portraits in the Palace of Versailles. [Claire Constans, "Musée National du Château de Versailles, Les Peintures" (Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 1995).]
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1= 1. "Louis-Charles d'Orléans"'
Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre
Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
Louise Henriette de Bourbon-Conti
Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, duc de Penthièvre
7= 7. Marie Thérèse Félicité d'Este-Modène
Louis of Bourbon, Duke of Orléans
Auguste Marie Johanna of Baden-Baden
Louise-Élisabeth de Bourbon-Condé
Louis Armand II de Bourbon, prince de Conti
Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, comte de Toulouse
Marie Victoire de Noailles
Francesco III d'Este
Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
Françoise-Marie de Bourbon
Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden
Sibylle Auguste of Saxe-Lauenburg
Louis III, Prince of Condé
Louise-Françoise de Bourbon
François Louis, Prince of Conti
Marie-Thérèse de Bourbon-Condé
Louis XIV of France
Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan
Anne-Jules, 2nd duc de Noailles
27= 27. Marie-Françoise de Bournonville
Rinaldo III, Duke of Modena
29= 29. Charlotte Felicity of
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
Françoise-Marie de Bourbon
* The Adami Collection - collection of Parish records of Marriages, legacy and nobility, National Library of Malta, vol 10, pp 1838.
* Abela, A.E. "A Nation's Praise - Malta: People, Places and Events. Historical Sketches". Progress Press, 1994. ISBN 99909-3-038-4
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