Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the younger)

Metrodorus

Hermes-type bust (pillar with the top as a sculpted head) of Metrodorus leaned with his back against Epicurus, in the Louvre
Full name Metrodorus
Born 331/0 BC
Lampsacus
Died 278/7 BC
Era Ancient philosophy
Region Western Philosophy
School Epicureanism
Main interests Ethics, Physics

Metrodorus of Lampsacus (Greek: Μητρόδωρος Λαμψακηνός, Mētrodōros Lampsakēnos; 331/0–278/7 BC[1]) was a Greek philosopher of the Epicurean school. Although one of the four major proponents of Epicureanism, only fragments of his works remain.

Contents

Life

Metrodorus was a native of Lampsacus on the Hellespont. His father's name was Athenaeus or Timocrates, his mother's Sande.[2] Together with his brother Timocrates of Lampsacus he joined the school Epicurus had set up in their home town. Timocrates, however, soon fell out with both his brother and Epicurus and devoted the rest of his life to spreading malicious slander about them.[3] Metrodorus on the other hand soon became the most distinguished of the disciples of Epicurus, with whom he lived on terms of the closest friendship, and whom he later followed to Athens, never having left him since he became acquainted with him, except for six months on one occasion, when he paid a visit to his home. He died in 278/7 BC, in the 53rd year of his age, seven years before Epicurus, who would have appointed him his successor had he survived him. He left behind him a son named Epicurus, and a daughter, whom Epicurus, in his will, entrusted to the guardianship of Amynomachus and Timocrates of Potamus, to be brought up under the joint care of themselves and Hermarchus, and provided for out of the property which he left behind him. In a letter also which he wrote upon his death-bed, Epicurus commended the children to the care of Idomeneus, who had married Batis, the sister of Metrodorus. The 20th of each month was kept by the disciples of Epicurus as a festive day in honour of their master and Metrodorus.[4] Leontion is spoken of as the wife or mistress of Metrodorus.

Philosophy

Roman copy of a Greek portrait bust of Metrodorus. (Pergamon museum, Berlin)

The philosophy of Metrodorus appears to have been of a more sensual kind than that of Epicurus.[5] Perfect happiness, according to Cicero's account, he made to consist in having a well-constituted body, and knowing that it would always remain so. He found fault with his brother for not admitting that the belly was the test and measure of every thing that pertained to a happy life.[6] According to Seneca, Epicurus placed Metrodorus among those who acquire assistance in working their way towards truth.[7]

Diogenes Laërtius lists the following works by Metrodorus:[8]

  • Πρὸς τοὺς ἰατρούς, τρία - Against the Physicians (3 volumes)
  • Περὶ αἰσθήσεων - On Sensations
  • Πρὸς Τιμοκράτην - Against Timocrates
  • Περὶ μεγαλοψυχίας - On Magnanimity
  • Περὶ τῆς Ἐπικούρου ἀρρωστίας - On Epicurus's Weak Health
  • Πρὸς τοὺς διαλεκτικούς - Against the Dialecticians
  • Πρὸς τοὺς σοφιστάς, ἐννέα - Against the Sophists (9 volumes)
  • Περὶ τῆς ἐπὶ σοφίαν πορείας - On the Way to Wisdom
  • Περὶ τῆς μεταβολῆς - On Change
  • Περὶ πλούτου - On Wealth
  • Πρὸς Δημόκριτον - Against Democritus
  • Περὶ εὐγενείας - On Noble Birth

Metrodorus also wrote Against the Euthyphro,[9] and Against the Gorgias[10] of Plato. Small fragments of his work On Wealth, were found among the charred remains at the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum.[11] Philodemus made use of this work in his own works On Wealth, and On Household Economics. Philodemus cites Metrodorus as the author of the view that Cynic poverty was to be rejected in favour of a more affluent way of life, although wealth in no way contributes to happiness.[12]

Notes

  1. ^ Tiziano Dorandi, Chapter 2: Chronology, in Algra et al. (1999) The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, page 51. Cambridge.
  2. ^ Diogenes Laërtius, x. 22; see also Strabo, xiii. and Cicero, Tusculanae Quaestiones, v. 37.
  3. ^ Diogenes Laërtius, x. 6
  4. ^ Diogenes Laërtius, x. 16-21
  5. ^ Cicero, De Natura Deorum, i. 40, Tusculanae Quaestiones, v. 9, de Finibus, ii. 28. § 92, 30. § 99, 31. § 101.
  6. ^ Cicero, De Natura Deorum, i. 40; Athenaeus, vii. 279 F; Plutarch, Non posse suaviter vivi secundum Epicurum, 1098; Adversus Colotem, 1108, 1125.
  7. ^ Seneca, Epistulae Morales, lii. 3
  8. ^ Diogenes Laërtius, x.
  9. ^ Philodemus, On Piety, col. 25, 702-5, col 34, 959-60, Obbink
  10. ^ in two books, Philodemus, PHerc. 1005, col XI, 14-15, Angeli
  11. ^ PHerc. 200
  12. ^ Elizabeth Asmis in Philodemus and the New Testament World, pages 150-152. (2004). BRILL.

Sources

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Metrodorus of Lampsacus — may refer to two Greek philosophers: Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the elder) (5th century BC) philosopher from the school of Anaxagoras Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the younger) (331–278 BC) Epicurean philosopher See also Metrodorus (disambiguation) This …   Wikipedia

  • Metrodorus — (Greek: Μητρόδωρος, Mētrodōros, mother s gift ) is the name of numerous historical figures, including: Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the elder) (5th century BC) philosopher from the school of Anaxagoras Metrodorus of Cos (5th century BC) Pythagorean… …   Wikipedia

  • List of philosophers born in the centuries BC — Philosophers born in the centuries BC (and others important in the history of philosophy) , listed alphabetically::: Note: This list has a minimal criteria for inclusion and the relevance to philosophy of some individuals on the list is disputed …   Wikipedia

  • List of ancient Greeks — This an alphabetical list of ancient Greeks. These include ethnic Greeks and Greek language speakers from Greece and the Mediterranean world up to about 200 AD. compactTOCRelated articles NOTOC A*Acacius of Caesarea bishop of Caesarea… …   Wikipedia

  • Epicurus — Infobox Philosopher name = polytonic|Έπίκουρος Epikouros |right|thumb|145px|Roman marble bust of Epicurus color = #B0C4DE region = Western philosophy era = Ancient philosophy birth = 341 BCE death = circa 270 BCE school tradition = Epicureanism… …   Wikipedia

  • List of philosophy topics (I-Q) — II and thou I Ching I Ching I proposition I Thou I Thou relationshipIaIamblichus (philosopher)IbYahya Ibn Adi Yahya Ibn Adi Ibn al Arabi Muhyi al Din Ibn al Arabi Abu Bakr Ibn Bajja Abu Bakr Ibn Bājja Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Yahya Ibn as Say igh… …   Wikipedia

  • Ancient philosophy — History of Western philosophy …   Wikipedia

  • Cyrenaics — Aristippus of Cyrene The Cyrenaics were an ultra hedonist Greek school of philosophy founded in the 4th century BC, supposedly by Aristippus of Cyrene, although many of the principles of the school are believed to have been formalized by his… …   Wikipedia

  • Jeremy Bentham — Full name Jeremy Bentham Born 15 February 1748(1748 02 15) London, England Died 6 June 1832 …   Wikipedia

  • Utilitarianism — This article discusses utilitarian ethical theory. For a discussion of John Stuart Mill s book Utilitarianism, see Utilitarianism (book). For the architectural theory, see Utilitarianism (architecture) Part of a series on …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.