- Dacia Logan
Dacia Logan Manufacturer Dacia Also called Renault Logan
Renault Tondar 90
Production 2004–present (facelifted in 2008) Assembly Mioveni, Romania
São José dos Pinhais, Brazil
Pretoria, South Africa
Predecessor Dacia 1310 Class Small family car Body style 4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
2-door coupé utility (pickup)
Layout FF layout Platform Dacia B0 platform Engine 1.0 L I4 16V Hi-Flex
1.2 L I4 16V
1.4 L I4
1.6 L I4
1.6 L I4 Hi-Torque
1.6 L I4 16V
1.6 L I4 16V Hi-Flex
1.5 L I4 dCi
Transmission 5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,630 mm (103.5 in) (sedan)
2,905 mm (114.4 in) (station wagon & pickup)
2,900 mm (114.2 in) (van)
Length 4,288 mm (168.8 in) (sedan)
4,473 mm (176.1 in) (station wagon)
4,450 mm (175.2 in) (van)
4,496 mm (177.0 in) (pickup)
Width 1,740 mm (68.5 in) (sedan, station wagon & van)
1,735 mm (68.3 in) (pickup)
Height 1,534 mm (60.4 in) (sedan)
1,640 mm (64.6 in) & 1,674 mm (65.9 in) (station wagon & van)
1,554 mm (61.2 in) (pickup)
Curb weight 1,090 kg (2,400 lb) - 1,360 kg (3,000 lb) Related Dacia Sandero
Renault Clio Mk.III
Nissan Cube Mk.III
Nissan Micra K12
The Dacia Logan is a small family car car produced jointly by the French manufacturer Renault and its subsidiary Dacia of Romania. It is manufactured at Dacia's automobile plant in Mioveni, Romania, and in Colombia, Brazil, Russia, Morocco, Iran, India and South Africa. It is also marketed as the Renault Logan, Nissan Aprio, Mahindra Verito or Renault Tondar 90 depending on the existing presence or positioning of the Renault brand.
Designed at Renault’s Technocentre near Paris, the Logan was the result of four years of development of Project X90, announced by Renault in 1999 after the buyout of Dacia in 1998.
During a visit to Russia by French President Jacques Chirac, Louis Schweitzer noted that at Lada and Renault dealerships the €6,000 Ladas were selling very well while the €12,000 Renaults stayed in the showroom. "Seeing those antiquated cars, I found it unacceptable that technical progress should stop you making a good car for €6,000." (He later revised this target to €5,000). "I also drew up a list of specifications in three words – modern, reliable and affordable – and added that everything else was negotiable." In fact, the cheapest version of the car is €5,900, and the price can reach €11,200, depending on equipment and customs duty. (The base model for Western Europe, where it is badged as a Dacia but generally sold in Renault dealerships, is somewhat more expensive).
The Logan was designed from the outset as an affordable car, and has many simplified features to keep costs down. It replaces many older cars in production, including the Romanian Dacia 1310 series of Renault 12-based cars.
It was officially launched in September 2004. Renault originally had no plans to sell the Logan in Western Europe, but in June 2005 began importing a more expensive version of the car, starting at around €7,500. It was an unexpected success with people wanting an inexpensive, no-frills car they could repair themselves.
The Logan was launched in India in April 2007 as a collaboration with Mahindra, who helped Renault cut costs by 15%. India was the first right-hand drive market for the Logan. It was almost an instant success with impressive sales in the first few months. Since then Mahindra and Renault have parted ways, but the Logan continues to be sold by Mahindra, with technical support from Renault. Its awkward styling has resulted in lower than expected sales. The company has now introduced the name Verito to the car which now only bears Mahindra badges.
On the 1st of July 2008, almost four years after the release of the first Logan, a facelifted version called the Dacia New Logan was announced. The new version features a more modern design and a more attractive and more comfortable interior.
The Logan is based on the B platform used by the third generation Renault Clio, Renault Modus and Nissan Micra. It has 50% fewer parts than a high-end Renault vehicle and has a limited number of electronic devices. This makes the car cheaper to produce and easier and cheaper to repair.
Some parts are also much simpler than those of its competitors. For example, rear-view mirrors are symmetrical and can be used on either side of the car, the windshield is flatter than usual, and the dashboard is a single injection-molded piece.
The developers have taken into account several differences between road and climate conditions in developed and developing countries. The Logan suspension is soft and strong, and the chassis sits visibly higher than most other Compact cars to help it negotiate dirt roads and potholes on ill-maintained asphalt roads. The engine is specially prepared to handle lower quality fuel, whereas the air conditioning is powerful enough to lower the temperature several degrees (temperatures above 40°C are common in the Middle East and the Mediterranean Sea).
In June 2005 the car achieved a 3 star rating at the EuroNCAP crash tests. This result confirms initial expectations stated earlier by Renault.
Depending on equipment level, standard on some variants and optional on others, Dacia New Logan comes with up to four airbags. In terms of active safety, all versions of New Dacia Logan feature the latest-generation Bosch 8.1 ABS which incorporates EBD (Electronic Brakeforce Distribution) and EBA (Emergency Brake Assist).
Name Capacity Type Power Torque Top speed Combined consumption 1.0
999 cc 16 valves DOHC 57 kW (77 PS) at 5850 rpm 99 N·m (73 lb·ft) at 4350 rpm 160 km/h (99 mph) (gas/ethanol) 1.2
1149 cc 16 valves DOHC 55 kW (75 PS) at 5500 rpm 107 N·m (79 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm 161 km/h (100 mph) 5.9 l/100 km (48 mpg-imp; 40 mpg-US) 1.4
1390 cc 8 valves SOHC 55 kW (75 PS) at 5500 rpm 112 N·m (83 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 162 km/h (101 mph) 6.9 l/100 km (41 mpg-imp; 34 mpg-US) 1.6
1598 cc 8 valves SOHC 64 kW (87 PS) at 5500 rpm 128 N·m (94 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 175 km/h (109 mph) 7.3 l/100 km (39 mpg-imp; 32 mpg-US) 1.6
1598 cc 8 valves SOHC 70 kW (95 PS) at 5250 rpm 138 N·m (102 lb·ft) at 2850 rpm 175 km/h (109 mph) (gas/ethanol) 1.6
1598 cc 16 valves DOHC 77 kW (105 PS) at 5750 rpm 148 N·m (109 lb·ft) at 3750 rpm 183 km/h (114 mph) 7.1 l/100 km (40 mpg-imp; 33 mpg-US) 1.6
1598 cc 16 valves DOHC 82 kW (111 PS) at 5750 rpm 152 N·m (112 lb·ft) at 3750 rpm 185 km/h (115 mph) (gas/ethanol) 1.5 dCi
1461 cc 8 valves SOHC 50 kW (68 PS) at 4000 rpm 160 N·m (118 lb·ft) at 1700 rpm 158 km/h (98 mph) 4.9 l/100 km (58 mpg-imp; 48 mpg-US) 1.5 dCi
1461 cc 8 valves SOHC 63 kW (86 PS) at 3750 rpm 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1900 rpm 167 km/h (104 mph) 4.6 l/100 km (61 mpg-imp; 51 mpg-US)
Marketing and production
The Logan, vital to increasing sales of the Renault group to the 4 million mark by 2010, is manufactured in nine production and operational assembly centres: Romanian, the pilot plant of the Logan Programme, Russia, Morocco, Colombia, Iran (two assembly plants), India, Brazil (since 2007), South Africa. Located in Romania, near the Mioveni plant, the International Logistics Network, the official name of the CKD centre, is the biggest logistic centre of its kind not only in the Renault Group but in the entire world automotive industry.
In markets where Renault has a presence, such as European, African and Asian countries (i.e. Romania, France, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Serbia, Czech Republic, Croatia, Slovenia, Morocco, Turkey and many others) it is sold as the Dacia Logan. Exceptions are South Africa, Argentina, Russia, Ukraine, Colombia, Ecuador, Israel, Egypt, Brazil, Chile, Perú and Venezuela where it is marketed as the Renault Logan, and furthermore Mexico, where the Logan is sold as the Nissan Aprio, given the better reputation of the Japanese brand in the Mexican market. This Nissan Aprio has a 1.6-litre 16 valve inline-four engine with a 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmission.
In India, the Logan was marketed as the Mahindra Renault Logan. In 2005, Renault partnered the Indian utility and commercial vehicles manufacturer Mahindra & Mahindra Limited (M&M). In April 2010 it was announced that the M&M had bought out Renault's 49% in the Mahindra Renault joint venture. The new agreement gave M&M more flexibility in engineering the car to suit the needs of the Indian consumer. M&M continues to manufacture and market the Logan in India and Renault will continue to support the car through a licence agreement for the supply of key components and technology. The Logan was marketed with the Mahindra-Renault logo until the end of March 2011. M&M also holds the licence to sell the Logan in India, Nepal and South Africa. Launched in 2007, Logan could not make the mark in the Indian market, selling just over 44,000 units since then, and over 2,600 units in Nepal and South Africa.. Mahindra has now renamed the Logan as the Verito and has replaced the Renault badges. The car bears a few cosmetic changes to freshen it up.
In 2007, Iran also began selling Logan models as Renault Tondar 90 by Renault-Pars Co. manufactured in Pars Khodro and Iran Khodro. After a mere month of production, more than 100,000 Tondar 90 have been ordered, even though deliveries will start only in May 2007. Renault Pars is a joint venture, 51 percent of which belongs to Renault of France. Forty-nine percent of Renault Pars' shares is jointly held by Iran's Industrial Development and Renovation Organization, IKCO and Saipa Group. The company was established in 2003.
Production began with a 4-door sedan, followed by a wagon in September 2006. Four other models, a pickup truck, a hatchback, a Van and a new sedan version followed in 2007 and 2008. Dacia sales for 2006 were over €1.5 billion, 19.6% more than in 2005. Annual production has reached almost 250,000 cars, half for exports. As of March 2009 more than 1.3 million vehicles on the Logan platform have been sold worldwide. On September 3, 2009, it was announced that one million Dacia cars on Logan platform X90 have been produced at Mioveni plant: 576,887 Logans, 246,869 Logan MCVs, 144,931 Sanderos and Stepways, 19,897 Logan VANs and 11,416 Logan Pick-Ups.
Brand 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total Dacia 22,833 135,184 184,472 230,294 257,013 309,457 1,139,253 Renault - 9,915 63,134 137,022 252,438 224,118 686,627 Total sales 22,833 145,099 247,606 367,316 509,451 533,665 1,825,880
One of the reasons for the increase in sales is the dependability of Dacia cars. In a recent survey conducted by a French magazine, Dacia cars were voted one of the safest cars in France. Another reason is their low maintenance and repair costs. According to the survey, Dacia cars were the cheapest to maintain and repair. In Germany, Dacia was placed on the second position in the 2010 Vehicle Ownership Satisfaction Study released by J. D. Power and Associates in June 2010.
The Logan MCV (Multi Convivial Vehicle), launched at the 2006 Paris Motor Show, is the station wagon version of the Logan. It has five or seven seat versions, with a luggage space between 200 and 2350 litres depending on how many seats are folded, and numerous storage spaces for smaller objects.
It uses the same engines as the sedan. An important improvement is the availability of side airbags. Sales began in October 2006 on the Romanian market with prices ranging between €8,200 and €12,550. Sales to other countries began in early 2007. A revised version, with the new lights and bumper from the New Logan saloon, was released in late 2008. As of June 2010, Dacia produced 300,000 Logan MCVs.
At the 2010 Moscow International Motor Show the new Lada Project R90 was presented as a model based on the New Logan MCV. It is planned to go into production in 2012, and be sold in Russia as Lada Largus.
The van variant of the Logan was launched on January 23, 2007 in Bucharest. It is a small business oriented vehicle, with 2500 litre loading space and 800 kg payload. The Logan VAN / Express is more or less an MCV without the rear side windows and therefore has the same safety features and uses the same engines as the other models (except the 1.6 16v engine). Sales have started in Romania, and now the prices ranging are between €7100 and €9700.
The coupe utility version of the Logan, also based on the MCV, was introduced on September 10, 2007 (October 4, 2007 at SIAB) and replaced Dacia Pick-Up. Sales have begun in Romania in 2008 and now the prices ranging are between €7300 and €9450.
Starting October 2008 the Logan Pickup is sold in South Africa as Nissan NP200. Visually it resembles a mildly facelifted Logan bakkie and it is being built in South Africa alongside the Renault Sandero.
Concept cars and projects
In 2006, a station wagon concept car, the Dacia Logan Steppe was presented at the Salon International de l'Auto in Geneva. The car was built by noted concept car builders DC Design in India as a forerunner of the Logan MCV.
Since 2007, there is a dedicated class in the Romanian Rally Championship, called Cupa Dacia, for Group N adapted Logans. It is a class competed especially by rookies, in the beginning of their careers. The cars used are 1.6 MPI versions.
A concept called Duster was unveiled at 2009 Geneva Motor Show. The concept features a crossover-style body and is a collaboration between Renault Design Central Europe in Bucharest, Romania, and Renault Design Technocentre in Guyancourt, France.
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