Parapiptadenia rigida

Taxobox
name = "Parapiptadenia rigida"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Fabales
familia = Fabaceae
subfamilia = Mimosoideae
genus = "Parapiptadenia"
species = "P. rigida"
binomial = "Parapiptadenia rigida"
binomial_authority = (Benth.)Brenan
range_



range_map_width = 300px
range_map_caption = Range of "Parapiptadenia rigida"
synonyms = * "Acacia angico" Mart.
* "Piptadenia rigida" Benth.
* "Piptadenia rigida" var. "grandis" Lindm. [http://www.ildis.org/LegumeWeb?version~10.01&LegumeWeb&tno~9226 International Legume Database & Information Service (ILDIS)] ]

"Parapiptadenia rigida" is a perennial shrub or tree. It is not a threatened species. It is native to Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Common names include Angico, Angico-cedro, Angico-do-banhado, Angico-dos-montes, Angico-verdadeiro, Angico-vermelho, Guarucaia and Paric.What goes here?]

"Parapiptadenia rigida" grows from about 18m to 30m in height and it has a straight trunk which has slightly furrowed bark. The foliage is dark green and the flowers are greenish-yellow 5cm to 9cm long. It blooms in the Spring. The seed pods grow 9cm to 16cm in length. The seeds are flat, oval and brown. It is found along the lengths of rivers.

Uses

Essential oils

"Essential oils" from the tree are becoming more widely recognized in industrial fragrance production. [ [http://www.perfumerflavorist.com/newsletter/6599747.html Perfumer and Flavorist Magazine] ]

Gum

Gum from the tree can be used in the same way as gum arabic. [ [http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=cMSFT5K3C9wC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&dq=Anadenanthera+peregrina+falcata&ots=YxsJ1pJmIc&sig=cz-JSXhgUDeHieDOmCq2gseSQ3w#PPA98,M1 "Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America" By Constantino Manuel Torres, David B. Repke, p. 98] ]

Medicinal uses

The tree has astringent, expectorant, anti-diarrheal, antiseptic [http://www.bionewsonline.com/k/1/antimicrobial_d.htm Bionews Online] ] and hemmorage-arresting properties. [ [http://www.uem.br/~dialogos/include/getdoc.php?id=101&article=34&mode=pdf PDF] Múltiplos Usos de Espécies Vegetais Pela Farmacologia Guarani Através De Iinformações Històricas] It is used for its antiseptic properties in southern Brazil..] The bark has a high tannin content of 15.0% [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=cMSFT5K3C9wC&pg=PA75&ots=YxrR7rDmPa&dq=%22anadenanthera+peregrina%22&sig=q5kJzixY03o-gr8tp9fikXovnqY#PPA96,M1 Google Books] "Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America" By Constantino Manuel Torres, David B. Repke p. 96] and it is used in folk medicine as a bitter-tasting tonic and body cleanser. It is used to treat rickets, lack of appetite and muscle weakness. [http://64.233.179.104/translate_c?hl=en&langpair=pt%7Cen&u=http://arvoresdeirati.com/index.php%3Farea%3Ddescricao%26id%3D101&prev=/language_tools Árvoresdeirati] ] "Parapiptadenia rigida" is psychoactive.Index of Rätsch, Christian. Enzyklopädie der psychoaktiven Pflanzen, Botanik, Ethnopharmakologie und Anwendungen, 7. Auflage. AT Verlag, 2004, 941 Seiten. ISBN 3855025703 at [http://www.deutschesfachbuch.de/info/detail.php?isbn=3855025703&part=4&word=] ]

Tannin

The tree's bark contains 15.0% tannin. [ [http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=cMSFT5K3C9wC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&dq=Anadenanthera+peregrina+falcata&ots=YxsJ1pJmIc&sig=cz-JSXhgUDeHieDOmCq2gseSQ3w#PPA96,M1 "Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America" By Constantino Manuel Torres, David B. Repke] ]

Wood

Its dense, wood is resistant to the elements and is used for construction, [ [http://www.ambiente.sp.gov.br/destaque/revista_florestar.pdf Florestar Estatístico] ] carpentry, beams for bridges.] , poles and firewood. [ [http://www.wzw.tum.de/vegoek/publikat/suedam2005.pdf Bericht ueber die Exkursion des Lehrstuhls fuer Vegetationsoekologie durch Suedamerika 2005] ] The wood is said to be unaffected by insects including termites and it can last more than 20 years unpainted.

Mechanical properties

It has a "Janka Hardness" of 2300-3700 lb., [http://www.jgarchitectural.com/species.htm J.G. Architectural] ] a parallel "bending strength" of 16900 psi, a parallel "compression strength" of 8500 psi and a density of 720-1199 kg/m³ [ [http://www.ranchdrivewaygates.com/argentinean-hard-woods.htm Argentinean Hard Woods] ] [ [http://www.worldagroforestry.org/sea/Products/AFDbases/wd/asps/DisplayDetail.asp?SpecID=2693 World AgroForestry] ] at a moisture content of 12-15%. Its modulus of elasticity is 157 801 kg/cm². [ [http://www.cadamda.org.ar/paginas/informacion/fichas%20tecnicas/ficha1/anchico_colorado.htm# Ficha Técnica: Anchico Colorado (Spanish)] ]

For hardwood flooring it is called "Pepperwood.".]

References

External links

* [http://images.google.com/images?svnum=10&hl=en&ie=ISO-8859-1&oe=ISO-8859-1&gbv=1&q=%22Parapiptadenia+rigida%22&btnG=Search+Images "Parapiptadenia rigida" -- Google Images]
* [http://coralx.ufsm.br/herbarioflorestal/especie_detalhes.php?nome_filtrado=angico-vermelho_angico "Parapiptadenia rigida" Photos]


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