Battle of Raszyn (1809)

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Raszyn

caption="Death of Cyprian Godebski in the Battle of Raszyn"
1855 painting by January Suchodolski
oil on canvas, National Museum in Warsaw
partof=the Polish-Austrian War, itself part of the War of the Fifth Coalition
date=April 19, 1809
place=Raszyn, present-day Poland
result=Polish victory
combatant1=flagicon|Austrian Empire Austrian Empire
combatant2=flagicon|Poland|state Duchy of Warsaw
commander1=Archduke Ferdinand
commander2=Józef Poniatowski
strength1=24,500 infantry
4,500 cavalry
94 cannons
strength2=10,500 infantry
3,500 cavalry
44 cannons
casualties1=2,300 total:
800 killed
1,500 wounded
casualties2=1,390 total:450 killed
900 wounded
40 captured
The first Battle of Raszyn was fought on April 19, 1809 between armies of the Austrian Empire and the Duchy of Warsaw as a part of the War of the Fifth Coalition in the Napoleonic Wars. The Austrian army was defeated.

The Austrian army under the Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este invaded the Duchy of Warsaw in April, 1809. Polish troops under Prince Józef Antoni Poniatowski withstood the Austrian attack on Warsaw defeating them at Radzymin and reconquered parts of former Poland including Kraków and Lwów by beating the Austrians at near the villages of Góra and Grochów.

General Józef Antoni Poniatowski was presented grand-aigle de la Légion d'Honneur, a saber of honour and a lancer's shako for this victory.

The battle

The battlefield’s terrain is dominated by several villages and by the river Utrata, which during April in unfordable. The only way to cross the river is at the ponds of Raszyn, Dawidy or Michalowice, which were all under Polish control.

After a preparatory cannonade started at 14.00, the Austrian infantry attacked around 15.00 the Polish screening forces. The Poles gradually yielded terrain to the attacker. Austrian attempts to outflank the Polish position near Jaworowo were without success. After the village of Falenty was captured at 16.00 Poniatowski launched a counterattack which evicted the Austrians from the town and re-establishing the Polish line. Around 17.00 a combined attack was launched against Raszyn. Repulsed by the Saxon units, the Austrians called up reinforcements and took the town around 19.00 but where unable to progress beyond the last houses of the village. The Poles again counterattacked at 21.00 and drove the Austrians from Raszyn but were unable to recapture the causeway. Fighting progressed until 22.00 when the Poles evacuated the battlefield.

After the battle

After the Austrian army withdrew to the other side of the swamps, prince Józef Poniatowski ordered his forces to withdraw towards Warsaw. However, since the city fortifications were in a very bad shape and the Saxon expeditionary force withdrew towards their homeland, Poniatowski decided to leave Warsaw undefended and withdraw to several fortresses located nearby (most notably to Modlin Fortress and Serock). The capital was seized with little opposition, but it was a Pyrrhic victory since the Austrian commander diverted most of his forces there at the expense of other fronts. In the following weeks Greater Poland was defended by the Corps of General Henryk Dąbrowski and the Polish cavalry seized Lwów. Finally, Poniatowski left only a small force near Warsaw to prevent the Austrians from leaving it and moved the rest of his forces southwards, which led to capturing the city of Kraków.

On October 14, 1809, the Treaty of Schönbrunn was signed between Austria and France. According to it, the former state lost approximately 50 000 square kilometres of land inhabitated by over 1 900 000 people. The territories annexed by the Duchy of Warsaw included the lands of Zamość and Kraków as well as 50% of income of the Wieliczka salt mines.

ee also

* Cyprian Godebski

External links

* [ The Battle of Raszyn, 1809]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Hollabrunn (1809) — This article is about the battle of 1809. For the 1805 battle, see Battle of Schöngrabern Battle of Hollabrunn Part of the War of the Fifth Coalition Date 9 July 1809 Location …   Wikipedia

  • Raszyn — Infobox Settlement official name = Raszyn other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = Village motto = imagesize = 250px image caption = Church in Raszyn flag size = image seal size = image shield = Gmina Raszyn Herb.svg shield size =… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Warsaw — Warsaw in Poland has been the site of several battles in history. Arguably most known under this name is Battle of Warsaw (1920). The most important are:* Siege of Warsaw (1656), Warsaw retaken by Poles from Swedes on June 30, 1656, during The… …   Wikipedia

  • 1809 — This article is about the year 1809. Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 18th century – 19th century – 20th century Decades: 1770s  1780s  1790s  – 1800s –  1810s  182 …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Radzymin — In the 19th century there was one major battle fought in the vicinity of the town of Radzymin, a suburb of Warsaw:* Battle of Radzymin (1809), a Polish Austrian battle preceding the battle of RaszynIn the 20th century the following two major… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle at the Raab — Bataille de Raab Bataille de Raab La bataille de Raab, graphique en couleur d Édouard Kaiser (1855 1931[1]) Informations générales …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schlacht von Raszyn — Fünfter Koalitionskrieg (1809) Sacile – Teugn Hausen – Weichselfeldzug – Raszyn – Abensberg – Landshut – Eggmühl – Regensburg – Ebelsberg – Piave – Aspern – Bergisel – Raab/Győr – Wagram – Gefrees – Znaim – Walcheren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dalmatian Campaign (1809) — Part of the War of the Fifth Coalition Date 26 April – 21 May 1809 Location Dalmatia, Croatia …   Wikipedia

  • List of battles (geographic) — This list of battles is organized geographically, by country in its present territory. For other lists of battles, see List of battles. Angola* Battle of Mbwila 1665 * Battle of Quifangondo 1975 * Battle of Cassinga 1978 * Battle of Cuito… …   Wikipedia

  • List of battles (alphabetical) — Alphabetical list of historical battles (see also Military history, List of battles): NOTE: Where a year has been used to disambiguate battles it is the year when the battle started. In some cases these may still have gone on for several years.… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.