Polish legislative election, 1952

__NOTOC__Polish legislative election, 1952 was the first election to the Sejm (parliament) of People's Republic of Poland (and second in the communist Poland). They took place on 26 October. The official rules for the elections were outlined in the new Constitution of the People's Republic of Poland and lesser acts.

The elections, as all others held under the communist regime in Poland, were not free and were falsified, again a common occurrence of that time. Along with the Polish legislative election, 1947 they are considered the least free of the elections in Poland, an occurrence common during the era of Stalinization when the communist government tried to tighten its control over society as much as possible. The opposition was persecuted, including through arrests and torture, and not allowed to run in the elections. Candidates were vetted by the Communist party organization, Front Jedności Narodowej, and the number of candidates permitted to run in the elections was equal to the number of seats in parliament.pl icon Bartłomiej Kozłowski, [http://wiadomosci.polska.pl/kalendarz/kalendarium/article.htm?id=87906 Wybory styczniowe do Sejmu 1957] Last accessed on 5 April 2007]

The official results showed that 99.8% of the Communist party's candidates were successful.

The Sejm elected in 1951 was supposed to be replaced in elections of 1956, but due to political shifts in Poland, the new elections took place in early 1957 in a more liberal atmosphere (although still not free).

ee also

*Polish legislative election, 1947 - first elections under communist regime in Poland
*Polish legislative election, 1989 - last elections under communust regime in Poland

External links

*pl icon [http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pos%C5%82owie_I_kadencji_1952-1956 List of members of Polish Sejm from 1952 to 1956] on Polish Wikipedia

Further reading

*Jerzy Drygalski, Jacek Kwasniewski, "No-Choice Elections," Soviet Studies, Vol. 42, No. 2 (Apr., 1990), pp. 295-315, [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0038-5859(199004)42%3A2%3C295%3ANE%3E2.0.CO%3B2-D JSTOR]
*George Sakwa, Martin Crouch, "Sejm Elections in Communist Poland: An Overview and a Reappraisal", British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 8, No. 4 (Oct., 1978), pp. 403-424,

References


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