- Caceres family
Caceres was the name of a Jewish family, members of which lived in Portugal, the Netherlands, England, Mexico, Suriname, the West Indies, and the United States. They came from the city of Cáceres in Spain.
Antonio Dias (Diaz) de Caceres
The first reference to any person bearing the name is in a list of heretics, posted according to custom in the cathedral in Mexico City, where the names of Antonio Dias (or Diaz) de Caceres and Catalina de Leon, his wife, occur as "Judaizers". The latter did penance at an auto da fé held on February 24, 1590 in that city. Their daughter Doña Leonor de Caceres was denounced as a "Judaizer" by her aunt, Doña Mariana Nuñez de Carabajal (see Francisca Nuñez de Carabajal), before the tribunal of Mexico. Her testimony gives these data: Antonio Dias de Caceres and Jorge de Almeida were married on the same day, in the city of Parmco, Mexico, to Catalina and Leonor de Carabajal, sisters of the deponent, and, after a visit to Spain, moved to the district of San Paolo in Mexico City.
Antonio appears to have lived in another district, in a house which served as a gathering-place for fasting and prayer; and although they all attended mass and otherwise observed the rites and ceremonies of the Roman Catholic Church, they practiced their Jewish rites in private. This was soon discovered; the deponent, her mother, and brothers were arrested by order of the Inquisition; and Antonio Dias de Caceres, fearing a similar fate, went to China. There he lived three years, came back to Mexico, feigned at first estrangement from his wife, because she was a "Judaizing" penitent, and finally, seeming to yield to the entreaties of friends who sought to bring them together, became nominally reconciled to her and set about in earnest to obey the behests of the Mosaic law. Antonio observed caution, dreading the arm of the Holy Office, but persisted, together with his family, in keeping the Sabbath at home. Prayers were recited at home out of a Hebrew book, said to have been written in verse, and the Psalms, without the required Gloria Patri, were chanted by all. His daughter, the above-mentioned Leonor de Caceres, figured as a penitent at an auto da fé held in the city of Mexico on March 25, 1601. A facsimile of a document dated September 6, 1608, containing an account of her trial, is given in vol. iv. of Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society.
A victim of the Inquisition in Toledo in 1625; wife of Luis Baez.
Jacob (Yahacob) Rodriguez Caceres
Martyr, who died at the stake in 1665, at Córdoba. Daniel Levi de Barrios celebrates him in verse in the prologue to his allegorical comedy Contra la Verdad no ay Fuerça. Panegirico a los tres biena venturados mártires Abraham Athias, Yahacob Rodriguez Caseres, y Raquel Nuñez Fernandez, que fueron quemados vivos en Cordova por santificar la unidad divina, en 16. de Tammuz, año de 5425 (1665), Amsterdam (no date).
Moseh de Caceres
One of the founders of the Portuguese community in Amsterdam, who flourished about 1600.
Francisco de Caceres
(1) Writer of the seventeenth century; son of Daniel de Caceres of Amsterdam. He translated from Italian into Spanish the Vision Deleytable y Summarico de Todas las Sciencias, a work written by Alfonso de la Torre and translated into Italian by Domenico Dolphino. The translation of Caceres, published at Amsterdam in 1663, and dedicated to Don Emanuel, prince of Portugal, consists of two parts, the first dealing with the various sciences, the second with moral philosophy. Of the first part, chapter I treats of the "evil of things, and the confusion in the world"; the following six chapters treat of logic, rhetoric, arithmetic, geometry, music, and astrology, and the remaining chapters treat of metaphysics, pneumatics, and physics. Part II discusses ethics and politics.
Johann Christoph Wolf makes this Francisco de Caceres the author also of Dialogos Satiricos, published at Amsterdam in 1616. Meyer Kayserling, however, ascribes that work to (2) Francisco or Jacob de Caceres who was probably a son of Moseh de Caceres, one of the founders of the Jewish-Portuguese community of Amsterdam. The latter Francisco or Jacob also translated into Spanish Los Siete Dias de la Semana Sobre la Creacion del Mundo, a work by Bastasi, dedicated to Jacob Tirado. As the Dialogos Satiricos was published as early as 1616, it is not probable that the author was the former Francisco de Caceres.
Francisco (or Jacob) had, so far as can be determined, five sons:
(1) Daniel de Caceres: Writer of the seventeenth century; son of Jacob de Caceres. He held the degree of master of arts. Caceres was a friend of Manasseh ben Israel, upon whose works, The Conciliator and On Human Frailty (written about 1642), he wrote approbations. He also wrote a eulogy on Saul Levi Morteira (Amsterdam, 1645).
(2) David de Caceres, who, according to Kayserling, died October 18, 1624 at Amsterdam.
(3) Henrique (or Henry) de Caceres, who lived in England ca. 1650, probably the same who, with Benjamin de Caceres, petitioned the king on April 8, 1661 to permit them to live and trade in Barbados and Suriname.
(4) Samuel de Caceres: Dutch poet and preacher and brother-in-law of Benedict Spinoza; died November 1660, at Amsterdam. He was a pupil of Rabbi Saul Levi Morteira of Amsterdam. The title "Poeta, Predicador, y Jaxam, de la Ley Sancta Escritor" (Poet, Preacher, and Cantor, Writer of the Holy Law), given to Caceres by his contemporaries, shows the eminent position which he occupied in the Jewish community of Amsterdam. "De la Ley Sancta Escritor" refers to the Spanish translation of the Bible, which he edited, revised, and corrected, and which was published in 1661, soon after his death.
(5) Simon de Caceres: Military strategist, merchant, and communal leader; flourished in the middle of the seventeenth century. He was prominent in mercantile affairs in Hamburg, London, South America, and the West Indies; and his transactions extended to many parts of the world.
Caceres is described as a chauvinist Jew, boastful of his Jewish descent. He joined Antonio Fernandez Carvajal in the acquisition of the Bet Cholim cemetery in London, and was one of the petitioners who signed the document presented to Oliver Cromwell by Manasseh ben Israel in March 1656. Queen Christina of Sweden is known to have interceded with Cromwell on his behalf for certain commercial privileges in Barbados. At a later date the king of Denmark gave Caceres's brother a letter of recommendation to Charles II of England, which was instrumental in procuring for the Jews in the West Indies an extension of commercial facilities. Simon was one of Cromwell's intelligencers; and there are at least two documents among the Thurloe papers which show that his experience was utilized by the lord protector. One is called "A Note of What Things Are Wanting in Jamaica". It is a memorandum containing minute advice with regard to fortifications and implements. From a passage in Cromwell's Letters and Speeches, ed. Carlyle (iii. 131), it would seem that Caceres's recommendations were followed, for the needed supplies were forwarded.
Together with this memorandum Caceres submitted to the protector a remarkable scheme for the conquest of Chile, wherein he proposed to enlist "men of his own nation" (meaning Jews), and offered to lead the expedition in person. In his letter of instructions Cromwell refers to the desirability of hindering the Spanish trade with Peru and Cartagena, and of striving with the Spaniards for the mastery of all those seas. At a later date Caceres presented another plan to Cromwell, which provided for the protection of the Barbados trade and for improving the administration of the navigation act. This document seems to have been unauthorized, and turns out to be a personal application for an office he desired to have created for himself.
Daniel (see above) had two (?) sons; (1) Francisco de Caceres and (2) Samuel ben Daniel de Caceres, whose name, if he is not Daniel's son, remains a "crux interpretum". It is more than probable that the two Samuels have been confounded by bibliographers. Samuel, the poet and preacher, had a son named David de Caceres, who was printer in Amsterdam in 1661. Another person bearing that name was rabbi at Salonica, and afterward (ca. 1650) at Hebron, Palestine.
A Bernard de Caceres is mentioned in the Calendars of State Papers 1661-68, as residing in the West Indies. One of the chief members of the Jewish congregation in Suriname, whose name is affixed to a special charter of privileges dated October 1, 1669, was Henrique de Caceres, and a Samuel de Caceres is spoken of in Curaçao, W. I., in the year 1692. In 1891, a Mr. Benjamin de Caceres officiated at Curaçao in the absence of a rabbi.
Persons bearing the name were living in 1902 in New York and Philadelphia. Miss Ida Caseres of Philadelphia claims descent from the Caceres who settled in Jamaica in the seventeenth century.
- ^ Cyrus Adler, in Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society iv. 45, 47, 63.
- ^ Adler, ibid. pp. 29-79.
- ^ Bibliotheca Hebræa iii. Nos. 903, 1854h.
- ^ Biblioteca Española-Portugueza-Judaica p. 32.
- ^ Kayserling, loc. cit. p. 32.
- ^ Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society v. 47, 62; Jewish Encyclopedia, ii. 523b.
- ^ Lucien Wolf, Transactions of the Jewish Historical Society of England i. 56, 73.
- ^ Thurloe Papers, ed. Th. Birch, pp. 61, 62, London, 1742.
- ^ Printed in Birch's ed. of the "Thurloe Papers," loc. cit. pp. 62, 63.
- ^ Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society iv. 3.
- ^ Corcos, Jews of Curaçao, p. 15.
- ^ ibid. p. 47.
- G. A. Kohut, Simon de Caceres and His Plan for the Conquest of Chili, New York, 1899 (reprinted from the American Hebrew, June 16, 1899).
- This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia article "Caceres" by Joseph Jacobs, George Alexander Kohut, Gotthard Deutsch and A. Rhine, a publication now in the public domain.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cáceres — may refer to: Places Cáceres (province) in Spain Cáceres (Spanish Congress Electoral District) which covers the province Cáceres, Spain, the capital of Cáceres Province Cáceres, Antioquia, municipality in Colombia Cáceres, Mato Grosso, in the… … Wikipedia
Cáceres (Spanish Congress Electoral District) — Location of Cáceres electoral district in Spain Cáceres is one of the 52 electoral districts (circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It is one of two… … Wikipedia
Luisa Cáceres de Arismendi — A posthumous of Luisa Cáceres de Arismendi by Emilio J. Mauri Born September 25, 1799(1799 09 25) Caracas, Venezuela … Wikipedia
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Caceres — Archdiocese of Caceres Archidioecesis Cacerensis Arkidiyosesis kan Caceres Naga Metropolitan Cathedral, Naga City … Wikipedia
Martín Cáceres — Personal information Full name José Martín Cáceres Silva Date of birth 7 April 1987 ( … Wikipedia
Mario Cáceres — Personal information Full name Mario Antonio Cáceres Gómez Date of birth March 17, 1981 ( … Wikipedia
Delfín Benítez Cáceres — Personal information Full name Delfín Benítez Các … Wikipedia
Aurora Cáceres — Zoila Aurora Cáceres Moreno (1877 1958) was a writer associated with the literary movement known as modernismo. This European based daughter of a Peruvian president wrote novels, essays, travel literature and a biography of her husband, the… … Wikipedia
Marques de Caceres — Winery is a fine winery in Cenicero, Rioja Alta, Spain, that is known throughout Spain, Brazil, and Latin America. This wine is covered in many wine periodicals and journalistic sources. This wine is popular in the Spanish speaking parts of the… … Wikipedia
Francisca Nuñez de Carabajal — (ca. 1540, Portugal mdash;December 8, 1596, Mexico City) was a Marano (converted Jew) in New Spain executed by the Inquisition for judaizing in 1596.Around 1580 Don Luis de Carabajal, Spanish governor of Nuevo León, brought with him to Mexico his … Wikipedia