3 CONVIVIR


CONVIVIR

CONVIVIR (an acronym that forms the word "cohabitate" in Spanish) was a national program of cooperative neighbourhood watch groups created by a February 11, 1994 decree of Colombia's Ministry of National Defense and a law passed in the Colombian Congress, in response to growing guerrilla activity. Authorized during the government of César Gaviria but mainly developed during the administration of Ernesto Samper Pizano (1994-1998), the CONVIVIR groups quickly became controversial as it was considered to represent something of a revival of the Law 48 of 1968.[citation needed] Members of some former paramilitary groups transitioned into CONVIVIR, where they were joined by newer recruits and victims of guerrilla aggression, while others, such as the ACCU, remained operating independently. The then governor of Antioquia, Álvaro Uribe Velez (who later became President of Colombia), whose father had been killed by the FARC during a kidnapping attempt in 1983, gained notoriety for his open support and promotion of the CONVIVIR at the time.

Reports argued that some CONVIVIR groups achieved results in providing security to communities and intelligence coordination to military forces, but apparently numerous members committed abuses against civilians, without a serious oversight over their operations and organization. In 1998, HRW stated that "we have received credible information that indicated that the CONVIVIR groups of the Middle Magdalena and of the southern Cesar regions were directed by known paramilitaries and had threatened to assassinate Colombians that were considered as guerrilla sympathizers or which rejected joining the cooperative groups". [1]

After much political debate, a November 1997 decision of Colombia's Constitutional Court stated that CONVIVIR members could not gather intelligence information and could not employ military grade weapons. Other restrictions included increasing legal supervision, and in early 1998 dozens of former CONVIVIR groups had their licenses revoked, because they did not turn in their weapons and withheld information about their personnel. Due to these measures, some gradually turned in their weapons and phased themselves out. 237 of the restricted weapons were returned to authorities by the end of 1997. Other members did not comply and later joined existing paramilitary groups. [2]

According to a 2007 U.S. indictment against the Chiquita Brands International fruit company, a number of payments to the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia passed through an "intermediary" Convivir group which operated in the Urabá region. [3].

References

  1. ^ Human Rights Watch, Colombia 1997 Events, par.1
  2. ^ Human Rights Watch (1998), Guerra sin cuartel, par.8
  3. ^ DOCUMENTS IMPLICATE COLOMBIAN GOVERNMENT IN CHIQUITA TERROR SCANDAL, National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 217

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  • CONVIVIR — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Las CONVIVIR se definieron en Colombia como Cooperativas de Vigilancia y Seguridad Privada para la autodefensa agraria y fueron una respuesta oficial para dotar de un nuevo marco legal a la defensa que los campesinos …   Wikipedia Español

  • convivir — Se conjuga como: partir Infinitivo: Gerundio: Participio: convivir conviviendo convivido     Indicativo   presente imperfecto pretérito futuro condicional yo tú él, ella, Ud. nosotros vosotros ellos, ellas, Uds. convivo convives convive… …   Wordreference Spanish Conjugations Dictionary

  • convivir — verbo intransitivo 1. Vivir (una persona o un animal) en compañía de [otra persona o animal]: Luis convive con su hija. He convivido con todo tipo de personas. Convive con dos gatos preciosos …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • convivir — (Del lat. convivĕre). intr. Vivir en compañía de otro u otros …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • CONVIVIR — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : symbiose. CONVIVIR (« vivre ensemble » en espagnol) est le nom d un programme national en Colombie, créé en 1994, visant à instaurer des groupes paramilitaires de vigilance, dans le cadre du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CONVIVIR — ► verbo intransitivo 1 Vivir una persona en compañía de otra u otras en el mismo lugar o tiempo. SINÓNIMO coexistir cohabitar 2 Vivir en armonía: ■ es muy difícil convivir con un genio. * * * convivir (del lat. «convivĕre»; «con») intr. *Vivir o… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • convivir — v intr (Se conjuga como subir) 1 Vivir dos o más personas o animales en compañía o compartiendo un espacio común: convivir en paz 2 Compartir dos o más personas ciertas experiencias de la vida: convivir con los hijos, Flavia convivirá con otros… …   Español en México

  • convivir — {{#}}{{LM C10369}}{{〓}} {{ConjC10369}}{{\}}CONJUGACIÓN{{/}}{{SynC10617}} {{[}}convivir{{]}} ‹con·vi·vir› {{《}}▍ v.{{》}} Vivir en compañía de otro o de otros: • En el país conviven pacíficamente varios grupos étnicos.{{○}}… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • convivir — (v) (Intermedio) coexistir varias personas en el mismo lugar Ejemplos: En las grandes ciudades conviven representantes de distintas nacionalidades. Cuando estudiaba en la universidad, convivía con unos amigos. Sinónimos: cohabitar …   Español Extremo Basic and Intermediate

  • convivir — intransitivo cohabitar, coexistir. * * * Sinónimos: ■ coexistir, compartir, entenderse, cohabitar, alternar, relacionarse …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos

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