Palaces and mansions in Hungary

There are more than 2000 castles and mansions today in Hungary, with about 700 of them under protection. Castle construction thrived during the politically tranquil 18th century,which became one of the most important periods of construction in the history of the cultural development of the country.

The style of these castles varies according to age and region, but invariably they show their uniquely Hungarian character. In spite of being modelled sometimes on foreign examples and built by foreign masters, they still bear the stamp of a style rooted in the Hungarian way of life.

Throughout the Middle Ages, while the country struggled to survive wars followed by 150 years of Turkish occupation, most of the existing castles were destroyed and very few of any note were built. The replacement of the destroyed or derelict castles and forts did not start in earnest before the end of the 18th century.

Editing ends here. To be continued. Besides the older Esterházy wealth, the riches of the Festetiches, Battyanyis, Pállfys, Károlyis, Erdődys and Rudnyánszkys were developed then. They used their richness mainly for building. Leaving the out-of-date forts built on top of the hills, they chose the shelving surroundings of their estates as locales of their splendid castles. In the beginning of the Building was even more developing during the reign of Mary Theresa. Our open-handed nobles, who loved arts and sciences and lived within fine social norms, had significant influence on the building of the castles. So there are a lot of similar features in these buildings, which can be considered as Hungarian characteristics. The 19th country brings a new way of thinking. Living the social and political life according to the English sample can be felt in the castles of out nobles, too, one form of which is the strong building activity. The picture of our castles would not be complete without mentioning the gardens arounds them. SinceLouis XIV. gardens were even more important than the buildings themselves. Our nobles made their gardens planned after the parks of the French castles, the characteristics of which were orderliness, well arranged but great variety at the same time. The baroque garden strove for order and union. Because of our more narrow possibilities, our baroque parks are much more modcet than the foreign ones, and as the art of garden-building is the most fleeting art, today we can hardly find anything of the old splendour of these parks. Above all, the taste of the 19th country changed everything, the natural beauty of the trees and bushes got back its own rights. The botanist interest came into prominence, it was a kind of fashion collecting special and rare plants. After the monopoly of the baroque, the gardens reflect the idea of “back to nature”, which warmly surround our Greek-style pure castles. After the second World War the castles and their beautiful gardens became mainly state or co-operative property, most of them functions today as museum, house of culture, school, sanatorium or other public building.


ee also

List of castles in Hungary

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baroque architecture — Façade of the Church of the Gesù, the first truly baroque façade.[1] Baroque architecture is a term used to describe the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late sixteenth century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance… …   Wikipedia

  • Western architecture — Introduction       history of Western architecture from prehistoric Mediterranean cultures to the present.       The history of Western architecture is marked by a series of new solutions to structural problems. During the period from the… …   Universalium

  • Moscow — /mos koh/ or, for 1, 2, / kow/, n. 1. Russian, Moskva. a city in and the capital of the Russian Federation, in the W part: capital of the former Soviet Union. 8,967,000. 2. Also called Grand Duchy of Moscow. Muscovy (def. 1). 3. a city in W Idaho …   Universalium

  • arts, East Asian — Introduction       music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature.       Some studies of East Asia… …   Universalium

  • Bratislava — For the name Bratislava, see Bratislav. Coordinates: 48°08′38″N 17°06′35″E / 48.14389°N 17.10972°E / 48.14389; 17.10972 …   Wikipedia

  • Warsaw — For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). Warsaw Warszawa Capital City of Warsaw Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa Top …   Wikipedia

  • Kraków — For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation) and Cracow (disambiguation). Kraków Main Market Square, Wawel Castle, Barbican, St. Mary s Basilica, St. Peter and Paul Church, Colleg …   Wikipedia

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

  • metalwork — metalworker, n. /met l werrk /, n. objects made of metal. [1840 50; METAL + WORK] * * * Useful and decorative objects fashioned of various metals. The oldest technique is hammering. After с 2500 BC, casting was also used, molten metal being… …   Universalium

  • theatre, Western — ▪ art Introduction       history of the Western theatre from its origins in pre Classical antiquity to the present.       For a discussion of drama as a literary form, see dramatic literature and the articles on individual national literatures.… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.