Horse Guards Regiment

The Horse Guards Regiment was a regiment only in name: it actually consisted of several independent troops. While there were four major troops, another three were created at various times. The 5th and 6th Troops of Horse Guards were short-lived, and of little importance in the British military; the Scottish Troop was also short-lived, having been named after John Middleton, 1st Earl of Middleton and after John Leslie, 7th Earl of Rothes.

Note: From 1658 to 1788, the Horse Guards existed as independent troops. They were placed on the English establishment in 1661 with the founding of the modern Regular British Army.

1st Troop [1658-1788]

*1658-1788 1st (His Majesty's Own) Troop of Horse Guards [formed in exile in Holland from followers of Charles II] .
*1746 absorbed 3rd Troop, The Horse Guards.
*1788 absorbed 1st Troop, The Horse Grenadier Guards and was reorganised to form the 1st Regiment of Life Guards

2nd Troop [1659-1788]

*1659-1660 Monck's Life Guards [raised for Spanish service] .
*1660-1661 3rd (The Duke of Albemarle's) Troop of Horse Guards.
*1661-1670 3rd (The Lord General's) Troop of Horse Guards.
*1670-1788 2nd (The Queen's) Troop of Horse Guards.
*1788 absorbed 4th Troop, The Horse Guards.
*1788 On June 8th it absorbs the 2nd Troop, The Horse Grenadier Guards and on June 25th it is reorganised, to form the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards.

3rd Troop [1658-1746]

*1658-1670 2nd (The Duke of York's) Troop of Horse Guards [formed in exile in Holland from followers of Charles II]
*1670-1746 3rd (The Duke of York's) Troop of Horse Guards
*1746 absorbed by 1st Troop, The Horse Guards.

Temporary Raisings

4th Troop [1661-1683; 1687-1689]

*1661-1683 4th Troop of Horse Guards [raised on the English establishment]
*1687-1689 4th (Lord Dover's) Troop of Horse Guards [Disbanded upon the deposing of James II of England ] .

4th (Dutch) Troop [1689-1699]

*1660 The Earl of Portland's Troop of Horse Guards ("The Blue Guards") [raised for Dutch service]
*1689-1699 4th (His Majesty's) Troop of Horse Guards [placed on English establishment in 1689 and returned to Dutch service in 1699 upon the death of William III of England ]

4th (Scots) Troop [1709-1746]

*1661-1709 Scots Troop of Horse Guards [raised on the Scottish establishment]
*1709-1746 4th Troop of Horse Guards [transferred to the British establishment]
*1746 absorbed by 2nd Troop, The Horse Guards.

The Scottish Troop [1661-1676]

Raised on the Scottish Establishment for attendance on the Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland.

*1661-1663 The Earl of Middleton's Troop of Horse Guards
*1664-1676 The Earl of Rothe's Troop of Horse Guards

5th Troop [1664-1676]

*1664-1676 5th Troop of Horse Guards [disbanded]

6th Troop [1664-1685]

*1664-1685 6th Troop of Horse Guards [disbanded in Ireland]

For more information on specific troops, see the following pages:

*1st Troop of Horse Guards
*2nd Troop of Horse Guards
*3rd Troop of Horse Guards
*4th Troop of Horse Guards


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