National Development and Reform Commission


National Development and Reform Commission
National Development and Reform Commission
国家发展和改革委员会
Agency overview
Formed 2003
Preceding agencies State Planning Commission
State Development Planning Commission
Jurisdiction  People's Republic of China
Headquarters Beijing
Employees 890
Agency executives Zhang Ping, Chairman
Zhang Guobao
Xie Zhenhua
Zhu Zhixin, Vice Chairmen
Parent agency State Council
Website
www.ndrc.gov.cn

The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) (simplified Chinese: 国家发展和改革委员会; traditional Chinese: 國家發展和改革委員會; pinyin: Guójiā Fāzhǎn hé Gǎigé Wěiyuánhuì, or in short Chinese: 国家发改委), formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the Chinese State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the Chinese economy. Since 2008 the Commission has been headed by Zhang Ping.

The NDRC's functions are to study and formulate policies for economic and social development, maintain the balance of economic development, and to guide restructuring of China's economic system.[1] The NDRC has twenty-six functional departments/bureaus/offices with an authorized staff size of 890 civil servants.

Contents

History

The NDRC is a successor to the State Planning Commission (SPC), which had managed China's centrally planned economy since 1952. In 1998, the SPC was renamed as the State Development Planning Commission (SDPC), which then merged with the State Council Office for Restructuring the Economic System (SCORES) and part of the State Economic and Trade Commission (SETC) in 2003. Since then the organization further shifted its policy from plan economy to socialist market economy. The restructured organization was then merged into a newly created NDRC, which gained greater responsibility and power in overseeing China's economic development.

Principal functions

The principal functions of the NDRC are:[2]

  • To formulate and implement macroeconomic policies;
  • To monitor and adjust the performance of the national economy;
  • To examine and approve major construction projects;
  • To guide and promote economic restructuring;
  • To coordinate the readjustment of China's industrial structure with development of agriculture and rural economy;
  • To formulate plans for the development of China's energy sector and manage national oil reserves;
  • To promote the Western Region Development Program, which calls for China's economic growth to include the poorer Western provinces;
  • To submit a national economic plan to the National People's Congress on behalf of the State Council.

Also, recently the NDRC has been placed in charge of China's strategic petroleum reserves.

List of Chairmen

  1. Gao Gang (高岗): November 1952-August 1954
  2. Li Fuchun (李富春): September 1954-January 1975
  3. Yu Qiuli (余秋里): January 1975-August 1980
  4. Yao Yilin (姚依林): August 1980-June 1983
  5. Song Ping (宋平): June 1983-June 1987
  6. Yao Yilin (姚依林): June 1987-December 1989
  7. Zou Jiahua (邹家华): December 1989-March 1993
  8. Chen Jinhua (陈锦华): March 1993-March 1998
  9. Zeng Peiyan (曾培炎): March 1998-March 2003
  10. Ma Kai (马凯): March 2003-March 2008
  11. Zhang Ping (张平): March 2008 - incumbent

Current Leadership

Chairman:

Vice Chairmen:

  • Zhang Guobao - Minister level
  • Xie Zhenhua - Minister level
  • Zhu Zhixin - Minister level
  • Peng Sen
  • Xu Xianping
  • Zhang Xiaoqiang
  • Du Ying
  • Mu Hong
  • Liu Tienan

Senior Supervisory Commissioner:

  • Su Bo - Vice Minister level

Deputy Secretaries General:

  • Meng Xiangyue
  • Ma Liqiang
  • Yang Weimin[3]

National Coordination Committee on Climate Change

The National Coordination Committee on Climate Change, approved by the State Council, assumed office in October 2003. Ma Kai, the Chairman of the NDRC also serves as chairman of the Committee.[4]

National Energy Bureau

China’s energy management is being transferred from the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) to the new National Energy Bureau (NEB; 国家能源局), with hopes that this will reform China’s highly dispersed energy management. The new bureau will integrate the NDRC's functions on energy management, the functions of the National Energy Leading Group and the nuclear power management of the Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense.[5][6]

Structure

  • General Office
  • Office of Policy Studies
  • Department of Development Planning
  • Department of National Economy
  • Bureau of Economic Operations (Inter-Ministerial Office of the Alleviation of Enterprise Burden under the State Council)
  • Department of Economic System Reform
  • Department of Fixed Assets Investment
  • Department of Industrial Policies
  • Department of Foreign Capital Utilization
  • Department of Regional Economy
  • Department of Rural Economy
  • Bureau of Energy (National Oil Reserve Office)
  • Department of Transportation
  • Department of Industry (Office of Rare Earth, Office of Salt Industry Administration, National Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Office)
  • Department of High-Tech Industry
  • Department of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
  • Department of Resource Conservation and Environmental Protection (Office of National Coordination Committee for Climate Change)
  • Department of Social Development
  • Department of Trade
  • Department of Fiscal and Financial Affairs
  • Department of Price
  • Department of Price Supervision
  • Department of Employment and Income Distribution
  • Department of Laws and Regulations
  • Department of International Cooperation
  • Department of Personnel
  • The NDRC Party Committee
  • Office of National Economic Mobilization
  • Office of Key Project Inspectors
  • State Bureau of Material Reserve
  • State Grain Administration
  • State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (China National Tobacco Corporation)
  • Office of the Leading Group for Western Region Development of the State Council
  • Office of the Leading Group for Revitalizing Northeast China and Other Old Industrial Bases of the State Council
  • Office of the National Energy Leading Group

See also

References

External links


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