Hallgrímur Pétursson


Hallgrímur Pétursson

Hallgrímur Pétursson (1614 – October 27 1674) was one of Iceland's most famous poets and a minister at Hvalneskirkja and Saurbær in Hvalfjörður. The Hallgrímskirkja in Reykjavík and the Hallgrímskirkja in Saurbær are named after him. He was one of the most influential pastors during the Age of Orthodoxy (1580-1713). Because of his contributions to Lutheran hymnody, he is sometimes called the Icelandic Paul Gerhardt.

Biography

Hallgrímur Pétursson was born at Hólar, where his father was the bell-ringer and his uncle, the resident bishop. He ran away from home young and left Iceland with merchants. He was not heard from again until Brynjólfur Sveinsson, an Icelandic priest travelling through Glückstadt, Germany, heard Hallgrímur curse his employer in Icelandic. Brynjólfur took pity on the boy and sponsored him to attend seminary in Denmark at Church of Our Lady (Copenhagen).

While studying there, Pétursson was employed to reëducate a group of Icelanders who had been kidnapped by Barbary pirates and ransomed. Among them was a married woman, Guðríður Símonardóttir, sixteen years Pétursson's senior, whom he impregnated. He then left seminary and returned with the group to Iceland. After Guðríður discovered that her husband had died, she and Pétursson promptly married. He worked as a labourer for a number of years.

Seven years after Pétursson's return to Iceland, Brynjólfur Sveinsson, his former sponsor, became bishop at Skálholt and appointed Hallgrímur as minister at Hvalsnes. People were surprised that the ungraduated worker should be ordained, but Hallgrímur showed himself a skillful preacher. In 1651, he was reassigned to Saurbær in Hvalfjörður, a much sought-after position. He served there until his death in 1674 from leprosy.

Works

[
Hallgrímskirkja in Reykjavík.] Hallgrímur Pétursson's most notable work is "Passion Hymns" ("Passíusálmar" or, in full, "Historia pínunnar og dauðans Drottins vors Jesú Kristí, með hennar sérlegustu lærdóms-, áminningar- og huggunargreinum, ásamt bænum og þakkargjörðum, í sálmum og söngvísum með ýmsum tónum samsett og skrifuð anno 1659": "The history of the pain and death of our Lord, Jesus Christ, with its special learning, reminding, and consoling articles, with prayers and praises, in psalms and songs with misc. notes, compiled and written in the year 1659"), a collection of fifty hymns to be sung, one each working day, during the nine weeks of Lent. Each hymn has a title denoting which part of the Passion of Christ it refers to, and a reference to a melody for it to be sung to.

Other famous works include Aldarháttur, Rímur af Lykla-Pétri og Magellónu, Króka-Refs rímur, and a collection of cautionary children's rhymes.

See also

* Hallgrímskirkja

External links

* [http://servefir.ruv.is/passiusalmar/ The Icelandic National Radio's Web on the Passion Hymns (in Icelandic)]
* [http://youtube.com/view_play_list?p=F4221F3DA32E4A59 Performances of The Passion-Hymns in English and Norse by choirs and soloists using Dall Wilson's English adaption.]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hallgrimur Petursson — Hallgrímur Pétursson (* 1614 in Gröf; † 27. Oktober 1674 in Ferstikla) war einer der bekanntesten isländischen Dichter und evangelischer Pfarrer in der Hvalneskirkja auf der isländischen Halbinsel Reykjanes sowie in Saurbær am Hvalfjörður. Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hallgrímur Pétursson — (* 1614 in Gröf; † 27. Oktober 1674 in Ferstikla) war einer der bekanntesten isländischen Dichter und evangelischer Pfarrer in der Hvalneskirkja auf der isländischen Halbinsel Reykjanes sowie in Saurbær am Hvalfjörður. Die Hallgrímskirkja in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hallgrímur Pétursson — (Hólar, 1614 Saurbær, 27 de octubre de 1674) fue un religioso luterano islandés y uno de los poetas más famosos de su país. Debido a sus contribuciones a la himnodia, es llamado en ocasiones el Paul Gerhardt islandés . En su honor fueron… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hallgrimur Petursson — Hallgrímur Pétursson Hallgrímur Pétursson (1614 – 27 octobre 1674) est l un des plus célèbres poètes d Islande. Il était aussi prêtre dans les villes d Hvalneskirkja et Saurbær. Il était l un des pasteurs les plus influents de l âge de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hallgrímur Pétursson — (1614 – 27 octobre 1674) est l un des plus célèbres poètes d Islande. Il était aussi prêtre dans les villes d Hvalneskirkja et Saurbær. Il était l un des pasteurs les plus influents de l âge de l orthodoxie (1580 1713). Biographie Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petursson — Pétursson ( Sohn des Peter ) ist der Vatersname folgender Personen: Hallgrímur Pétursson (1614−1674), isländischer Dichter und evangelischer Pfarrer Margeir Pétursson (* 1960), isländischer Schachspieler Pétur Pétursson (* 1959), isländischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pétursson — is a surname of Icelandic origin, meaning son of Pétur (Peter). In Icelandic names, the name is not strictly a surname, but a patronymic. The name refers to: *Gunnar Pétursson (b. 1930), Icelandic Olympic cross country skier *Hallgrímur Pétursson …   Wikipedia

  • Pétursson — („Sohn des Pétur“) ist der Vatersname folgender Personen: Hallgrímur Pétursson (1614−1674), isländischer Dichter und evangelischer Pfarrer, Margeir Pétursson (* 1960), isländischer Schachspieler, Pétur Pétursson (* 1959), isländischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pétursson —   [ pjɛːtyrsɔn],    1) Hallgrímur, isländischer Dichter, * bei Hólar 1614, ✝ Ferstikla 27. 10. 1674; Schulbesuch in Kopenhagen, Bauer und Fischer, ab 1644 Pfarrer. Mit seinen in ihrer Schlichtheit ansprechenden Psalmen und Hymnen ist Pétursson… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pétursson, Hallgrímur — ▪ Icelandic poet born 1614, Hólar, Iceland died October 27, 1674, Ferstikla       poet, one of the greatest religious poets of Iceland.       Though he came from a “good” family, Pétursson lived an errant life; as a boy he ran away to Copenhagen… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.