Heishui Mohe


Heishui Mohe

The Heishui Mohe or Heuksoo Malgal or Black-Water Mohe (黑水靺鞨; Hangul: 흑수말갈; pinyin: Hēishuǐ Mòhé Jurchen/manchu : sahaliyan i aiman 薩哈廉 部), were the most feared among the Mohe tribes. They lived in the northernmost part of Manchuria, on the vicinity of the Amur River banks on the actual Khabarovsk Krai and the northern part of Heilongjiang Province. The southern Heishui Mohe were submitted by King Seon of Balhae who administrated their territory. But most of them remained independent. When the Liao (Khitan) Empire conquered Balhae in 926 :
- the Heishui Mohe tribes that became incorporated into the Liao were called Shu Jurchen (熟女眞; Hangul: 숙여진) literally, Tamed or Cooked Jurchens, who were the ancestor of the "Cultured Manchu" : the Jianzhou Jurchens and the Haixi Jurchens
- while the remaining Heishui Mohe tribes, who were not incorporated into the Liao, were called Sheng Jurchens (生女眞; Hangul: 생여진) literally, Wild or Raw Jurchens, who were the ancestors of the "Barbarian Manchu" : the Yeren Jurchens.

Notable Chieftains (酋長)

* Nishuliji (Sinicized: 倪屬利稽, Koreanized: 예속리계 or 아속리계 or 아속이계 pinyin: Níshǔlìjī) around 722
* 鐵弗由
* Gojiluo (Sinicized: 高子羅, Koreanized: 고자라 pinyin: Gaoziluo), who made a treaty in 921 with Wang Geon, recognizing him as the king of Goryeo by sending him an embassy of 170 men.
* A-gu-lang (Sinicized: 阿於閒, Koreanized: 아어한 pinyin: Āyúxián)
* 아두타불, another Chieftain of the Heishui Mohe a contemporary Mohe Chieftain during Hyeonjong of Goryeo's reign

External links

* [http://www.iacd.or.kr/pdf/journal/04/4-02.pdf Relationship between Mohe aristocratic names, Jurchens and Hungarian names]


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