Coleshill, Warwickshire


Coleshill, Warwickshire

Coordinates: 52°29′56″N 1°42′29″W / 52.499°N 1.708°W / 52.499; -1.708

Coleshill
Coleshill High Street.jpg
A view of Coleshill High Street looking North
Coleshill is located in Warwickshire
Coleshill

 Coleshill shown within Warwickshire
Population 6,343 (2001)
OS grid reference SP2089
Parish Coleshill
District North Warwickshire
Shire county Warwickshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BIRMINGHAM
Postcode district B46
Dialling code 01675
Police Warwickshire
Fire Warwickshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament North Warwickshire
List of places: UK • England • Warwickshire

Coleshill (play /ˈklzəl/ cole-zul) is a market town in the North Warwickshire district of Warwickshire, England, taking its name from the River Cole. It has a population of 6,343 (2001 census) and is situated 11 miles (18 km) east of Birmingham.

Contents

Location

Coleshill is located on a ridge between the rivers Cole and Blythe which converge to the north with the River Tame. It is just to the east of the border with West Midlands county outside Birmingham. According to 2001 census statistics [1] it is part of the West Midlands conurbation, despite gaps [2] of open green belt land between Coleshill and the rest of the conurbation. The Green Belt narrows to approximately 150 yards to the north near Water Orton, and to approximately 700 yards at the southern tip of the settlement boundary where Coleshill meets Chelmsley Wood, Solihull [3], but is in excess of a mile at some points in between. In the 1970s, Coleshill narrowly avoided being absorbed into Birmingham.

History

Coleshill began life in the Iron Age, before the Roman Conquest of 43 AD, as the Grimstock Hill Romano-British settlement, north of the River Cole. Evidence of Hut Circles was found by archaeologists at the end of the 1970s. These excavations showed that throughout the Roman period there was a Romano-Celtic temple on Grimstock Hill. It had developed over the earlier Iron Age huts and had gone through at least three phases of development. The area was at the junction of two powerful Celtic Tribes - the Coritanii to the east from Leicester, and to the west the Cornovii from Wroxeter.

In the post Roman or Arthurian period (The Dark Ages) the nucleus of Coleshill moved about a kilometre to the south - to the top of the hill. Here the present church is set and the medieval town developed around it. By 1066 the town was a Royal Manor held by King Edward the Confessor and is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as land held by William the Conqueror. Henry II granted the manor to the de Clinton family, then it passed to the de Montford's who had moated manor houses at Coleshill and Kingshurst. King Henry VII granted the lands to Simon Digby in 1496. His descendants (Wingfield-Digby) still hold the titles.

Coleshill was granted a Market Charter by King John in 1207, alongside Liverpool, Leek and Great Yarmouth.

During the Coaching Trade and the Turnpike Trusts Coleshill became important as a major staging post on the coaching roads from London to Holyhead and from London to Chester to Liverpool. At one point there were over twenty inns in the town. The Coleshill to Lichfield Turnpike dates from 1743.

Notable buildings

Church of St Peter and St Paul

Many former coaching inns remain in Coleshill, mostly along the High Street and Coventry Road.

One of the most notable buildings in the town is the Parish Church Church of St Peter and St Paul at the top of the Market Square. It has a 52 metre (170 ft) high steeple, one of the finest in Warwickshire, dating from the 13th century. Inside there is a 12th century font of Norman origin, which is one of the finest examples in the country. There are also medieval table tombs with effigies of Knights, including John de Clinton. Just outside the south door are the preserved remains of a medieval cross.

The Market Square is also the location of the town's Pillory and Whipping Post. Historically these were used to punish drunks, and bakers who sold underweight loaves. Today though, they are one of the town's tourist attractions, having been restored and preserved by the Gascoigne family, a local family who have run businesses in Coleshill for over 100 years.

At the top of Coleshill, just past Packington Lane, is a red post box that bears the Royal Seal of Edward VIII. It is one of a small number to have been placed in the UK before his abdication, of which only 14 remain.[1]

Transport

170514 stands at Coleshill Parkway

The town is close to the M6, M6 Toll and M42 motorways.

Until 2007, the town's nearest railway station was at Water Orton, some 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the north-west, but a new station opened as Coleshill Parkway, adjacent to the old Forge Mills site and about 1.25 miles (2.01 km) east of Water Orton, on the 19 August 2007 approximately 16 weeks behind schedule due to construction delays. It is on the Birmingham to Peterborough Line and is served half hourly by CrossCountry as part of their service between Birmingham, Nuneaton, Leicester, Peterborough, Cambridge and Stansted Airport.

A number of bus routes serve the town, including one to Birmingham. The new railway station also has an interchange serving a direct Tamworth - Coleshill - Birmingham International Airport bus connection.

Notable people

Simon Digby was awarded the manor of Coleshill in 1496 by King Henry VII, following the Battle of Bosworth and the execution of Simon de Montford for helping in the attempt to oust the King.

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Coleshill (Warwickshire) — Coleshill ist eine Marktstadt im Bezirk Warwickshire, seit 1970 gehört es zum 18 km entfernten Birmingham. Es liegt an dem kleinen 43,5 km langen Fluss Cole. Laut der Volkszählung von 2001 leben dort 6.343 Einwohner. Weblinks www.british… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Coleshill Town F.C. — Coleshill Town Full name Coleshill Town Football Club Nickname(s) The Colemen, The Colts Founded 1894 …   Wikipedia

  • Coleshill — may refer to: In demography Coleshill, Buckinghamshire, England Coleshill, Oxfordshire (formerly Berkshire), England Coleshill, Warwickshire, England Coleshill railway station Coleshill Parkway railway station Coleshill Town F.C. The Coleshill… …   Wikipedia

  • Coleshill — ist der Name mehrerer Ortschaften: Im Vereinigten Königreich: Coleshill (Buckinghamshire) Coleshill (Oxfordshire) (früher Berkshire) Coleshill (Warwickshire) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Coleshill Parkway railway station — For the railway station known as Coleshill from 1839 to 1923, see Maxstoke railway station. For the railway station known as Coleshill from 1923 to 1968, see Coleshill railway station. Coleshill Parkway …   Wikipedia

  • Coleshill railway station — Not to be confused with Coleshill Parkway railway station. For the railway station known as Coleshill from 1839 to 1923, see Maxstoke railway station. Coleshill (Forge Mills) Operations Original company Midland Railway Post grouping London,… …   Wikipedia

  • Coleshill — This is an English locational surname. It originates from one of several places called Coleshill including Coleshill in Berkshire, of which there are or were at least two such places, and Coleshill in Warwickshire. Perhaps surprisingly they all… …   Surnames reference

  • Warwickshire — Warwickshire …   Wikipedia

  • Coleshill — 52° 29′ 56″ N 1° 42′ 29″ W / 52.499, 1.708 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Warwickshire Police — Infobox UK Police name= Warwickshire Police area= Warwickshire start= 1840 population= 525,500 size= 762 square miles officers= 1,012 title= Chief Constable head= Keith Bristow divname= District/Borough divno= 2 districts and 3 boroughs stations …   Wikipedia


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