Assortative mating

Assortative mating (also called assortative pairing), and the related concept Disassortative mating, is the phenomenon where a sexually reproducing organism chooses to mate with individuals that are similar[1][2] (positive assortative mating) or dissimilar (negative assortative mating or disassortative mating) to itself in some specific manner. In evolution, these two types of assortative mating have the effect, respectively, of increasing or reducing the range of variation (trait variance), when the assorting is cued on heritable traits. Positive assortative mating, therefore, results in disruptive natural selection, and negative assortative mating results in stabilized natural selection.

It is mirrored by selective fertilization in plants.

Contents

General characteristics

Assortative mating has been invoked to explain sympatric speciation. For some populations there are two different resources for which different phenotypes are optimum. Intermediates between these two phenotypes are less favorable. It is then favourable if the organisms can recognize mates that are optimized for the same resources as they are themselves. If mutations that make such recognition possible appear, these will be selected for.

Humans

In humans, genetic counseling can lead to a strategy of negative assortative mating.[citation needed] Assortative mating among computer scientists with Asperger syndrome could be contributing to the rise in juvenile autism spectrum disorders in Silicon Valley.[2] Homogamy is marriage based on assortative mating.

Goby fish

Positive assortative mating is believed to be the cause of the speciation of a daughter species from the parent species of coral-dwelling goby fish. The species live in a small area of rare coral in the ocean around Bootless Bay in southern Papua New Guinea which the parent species shun. The daughter species has become reproductively isolated from the parent species even though the parent species surrounds the daughter species so there is no geographic isolation. The speciation in the early stages would depend on assortative mating in which the evolving goby fishes would prefer to mate with other fish that preferred to spawn in the same area of rare coral.[3]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Armstrong, John B. (1997). The Argument for Assortative Mating. Originally published on the website of The Canine Diversity Project, retrieved January 30, 2011: „Assortative mating is the mating of individuals that are phenotypically similar.“
  2. ^ a b Silberman, Steve (2004). The Geek Syndrome. Wired.com, retrieved January 30, 2011: „(...) assortative mating is the blond gentleman who prefers blondes; the hyperverbal intellectual who meets her soul mate in the therapist's waiting room.“
  3. ^ Munday, Philip L., Lynne van Herwerden, and Christine L. Dudgeon (2004). "Evidence for sympatric speciation by host shift in the sea." Current Biology 14 (16), pp. 1498-1504.

References

See also



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • assortative mating — assortative mating. См. ассортативное скрещивание. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • assortative mating — Animal Behav., Psychol. the reproductive pairing of individuals that have more traits in common than would likely be the case if mating were random (contrasted with disassortative mating). Cf. panmixia. [1895 1900] * * * ▪ genetics       in human …   Universalium

  • assortative mating — noun Between males and females of a species, the mutual attraction or selection, for reproductive purposes, of individuals with similar characteristics. Underlying all distributions of characters in assortative matings are certain elementary… …   Wiktionary

  • assortative mating — assortive mating nonrandom mating in which choice of a mate is influenced by phenotype. Positive assortative mating occurs when phenotypically similar mates are chosen, e.g., tall men and tall women; negative assortative mating occurs when… …   Medical dictionary

  • assortative mating — noun mating of individuals having more traits in common than likely in random mating • Ant: ↑disassortative mating • Hypernyms: ↑coupling, ↑mating, ↑pairing, ↑conjugation, ↑union, ↑sexual union * * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • assortative mating — Mating in which the partners are chosen on the basis of phenotypic similarity …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • Assortative Paarung — liegt vor, wenn Arten mit geschlechtlicher Fortpflanzung zur Begattung mit Individuen neigen, die ihnen in gewisser Hinsicht besonders ähnlich[1][2] (positive assortative Paarung) oder unähnlich sind (negative assortative Paarung oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mating — Dragonflies mating Tortoises mating …   Wikipedia

  • assortative — adj. assorting. Phrases and idioms: assortative mating Biol. selective mating based on the similarity of the partners characteristics etc …   Useful english dictionary

  • mating — noun the act of pairing a male and female for reproductive purposes (Freq. 2) the casual couplings of adolescents the mating of some species occurs only in the spring • Syn: ↑coupling, ↑pairing, ↑conjugation, ↑union, ↑sexual …   Useful english dictionary


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