- Interstate 65
length_ref=cite web|url=http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reports/routefinder/table1.cfm|title=Route Log and Finder List - Interstate System: Table 1|publisher=FHWA|accessdate=2007-10-04]
terminus_a=Jct|state=IN|I|90|US|12|US|20 in Gary, Ind.
junction=Jct|state=IN|I|80|I|94 in Gary, Ind. Jct|state=IN|I|70 in Indianapolis, Ind. Jct|state=KY|I|64 in Louisville, Ky. Jct|state=TN|I|40 in Nashville, Tenn. Jct|state=AL|I|59|I|20 in Birmingham, Ala. Jct|state=AL|I|85 in Montgomery, Ala.
terminus_b=Jct|state=AL|I|10 in Mobile, Ala.
Interstate 65 (I-65) is a major
Interstate Highwayin the United States. The southern terminus is located at an intersection with Interstate 10in Mobile, Alabama, and its northern terminus is at a traffic light with U.S. Route 12and U.S. Route 20( Dunes Highway) in Gary, Indiana, southeast of Chicago, Illinois.cite web |url=http://www.interstate-guide.com/i-065.html |title=Interstate 65 |date=2006-12-06 |accessdate=2007-07-26]
I-65 is hypothetically known as "Auto Alley" due to the large number of automotive OEM and supplier firms that have facilities within an hour's drive of the highway (questionable). Of these, the most notable are the
Subaruplant in Lafayette, Indiana, the Hyundaiplant in Montgomery County, Alabama, the General Motors Corporationplant in Bowling Green, Kentucky, and the Mercedes Benzplant in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama.
Interstate 65 begins its journey in Mobile at its junction with Interstate 10. From I-10, I-65 goes west of downtown Mobile and through its suburbs before turning northeast toward Montgomery. From the state's capital, I-65 rebounds north, bypassing Prattville and Clanton before going through
Greater Birmingham. From exit 246 to 290 the interstate carries at least 6 lanes of traffic. As the combined interstates of I-20/59 converge on Interstate 65 in Birmingham, many wrecks, and accidents that have occurred that include the melting of support beams of overpasses after 18-wheelers crashed and burned on two separate occasions, and the numerous collisions that happen every year, has led this interchange to be nicknamed, " Malfunction Junction".
In the case of an hurricane evacuation on Alabama's coast, I-65 can be converted to an evacuation route where all lanes flow in the northbound direction from Mobile to Montgomery.
From Decatur, the interstate continues northward through Athens to the
In 2004, following the death of
President Ronald Reagan, a lengthy segment of I-65 from Jefferson County to Limestone County was designated "The Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway". The sign designating the north end of the segment includes a statement from Reagan's speech at Point Mallard Aquatic Centerin nearby Decatur on July 4, 1984. Hyundai's new automotive plant in Montgomery is located just off I-65. It can be accessed using the Pintlala-Hope Hull exit (number 164).
Mercedes Benzplant can also be accessed by taking the I-59 south/west exit at the interchange in Birmingham. Kiais currently building a plant that will be less than an hour's drive away from the Interstate on the Alabama-Georgia border.
I-65 enters Tennessee from the south near the town of Ardmore, and passes through mostly rural territory for convert|65|mi|km. Its first city in Tennessee is Franklin. Then the route travels through
Brentwood, Tennessee, downtown Nashville, Madison, Goodlettsville, White House, and exits near Portland into Kentuckyto the north.
Throughout its length, it passes near
Mammoth Cave National Park, Crystal Onyx Cave, Diamond Caverns, Bernheim Forest, the National Corvette Museum, and the Fort Knox Military Reservation.
It junctions with four parkways. The first major junction is with the
William H. Natcher Parkwayat Bowling Green, followed by the Cumberland Parkwaynorth of the city between Smiths Grove and Park City. At Elizabethtown, it has two more parkway interchanges with the Wendell H. Ford Western Kentucky Parkwayand the Martha Layne Collins Bluegrass Parkway. Interstate 65 also has interchanges with I-265, I-264, I-64 and I-71.
The widest stretch of Interstate 65 in its entirety is in Louisville at the Kentucky Route 1065 (Outer Loop), where the mainline is 14 lanes wide. It crosses the
Ohio Riverinto Indiana on the John F. Kennedy Memorial Bridge.
At one time, the portion from Louisville to Elizabethtown was a toll road bearing the
Kentucky Turnpikename. The bonds that financed the road have been retired, and tolls are no longer collected. All signs of the former turnpike have been removed.
November 15, 2006, the stretch of I-65 from Bowling Green to Louisville was renamed the Abraham LincolnMemorial Highway.
February 12, 2007a bill passed the Kentucky Senateto rename I-65 in Jefferson County the " Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.Expressway". [cite news |publisher=" The Courier-Journal" |date=2007-02-13 |last=Gerth |first=Joseph |title=Senate OKs renaming I-65 for King] Signage was posted July 25, 2007. [cite news |publisher=" The Courier-Journal" |date=2007-07-25 |last=Shafer |first=Sheldon S. |title=I-65 named for Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. |url=http://www.courier-journal.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070725/ZONE07/70725050/-1/ZONE07 |accessdate=2007-07-30]
July 15, 2007Kentucky officially raised its speed limits on Interstate and State Parkway highways to 70 miles per hour. Until that date, Kentucky was the only state along I-65's path that had a speed limit of convert|65|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on.
Both of the Ford Motor Company truck plants in Louisville are accessible—The Explorer SUV plant is directly accessible from I-65 while the Kentucky Truck Plant, makers of the F-350 and Excursion SUV, is accessed via I-265.
In Bowling Green, I-65 comes within proximity of a GM plant, which makes the
Chevrolet Corvettesports car, as well as the Cadillac XLRluxury roadster.
The section of Interstate 65 in downtown Indianapolis overlaps
Interstate 70. The junctions are often referred to as the "North Split" and the "South Split", forming a section of interstate locally known as the "Inner Loop" or "Spaghetti Bowl" due to the visual complexity of the overlapping freeways.
In mid-March 2007, a six-mile (10 km) section of Interstate 70 from the North Split to
Interstate 465east of downtown was restricted to automobiles only for the " [http://www.in.gov/dot/div/projects/i70/index.html Super 70] " project, a massive rebuild and expansion of that freeway. Trucks over 13 tons are forced to divert through Interstate 65 if coming from the north and use the circular Interstate 465 to the south to reconnect to Interstate 70 East. Westbound traffic from Interstate 70 must loop north or south along Interstate 465 to get to Interstates 65 or 70. The Super 70 project was completed in November 2007.
In the summer of 2003, the portion of Interstate 65 that runs concurrently with
Interstate 70was closed to all traffic due to the "HyperFix" project. During that time, a new asphalt surface was installed and the overpasses were upgraded.
In 1999, the 25 mile (40 km) segment of Interstate 65 between the two
Interstate 465interchanges was renamed the Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds Highway.
The northern terminus of Interstate 65 is only 1/8 mile (0.2 km) north of Interstate 90 (Indiana Toll Road). Prior to 2004, the interchange from Interstate 90 to Interstate 65 required making a physical left turn onto Interstate 65 via a traffic signal; traffic from Interstate 65 to Interstate 90 bypassed the traffic signal via an isolated right-turn lane. It has since been grade-separated.
Interstate 90in Gary, Indiana
Interstate 80/ Interstate 94in Gary, Indiana
Interstate 74in Indianapolis, Indiana
Interstate 70in Indianapolis, Indiana
Interstate 71in Louisville, Kentucky
Interstate 64in Louisville, Kentucky
Interstate 40in Nashville, Tennessee
Interstate 24in Nashville, Tennessee
Interstate 565near Huntsville, Alabama
Interstate 20/ Interstate 59in Birmingham, Alabama
Interstate 85in Montgomery, Alabama
Interstate 10in Mobile, Alabama
Interstate 22will join and cross over I-65 before terminating at US 31just a few blocks away. The target date for the completion of the final sections of the new route is 2012. However, Alabama Highway Department officials have been pushing for a 2010 completion time.
Prichard, Alabama- I-165
*Spur beginning in
Decatur, Alabamaterminating in Huntsville, Alabama-
Louisville, Kentucky- I-265 (Louisville's outer beltway; also called the Gene Snyder Freeway; formerly the Jefferson Freeway)
Indianapolis, Indiana- I-465
Indianapolis, Indiana- I-865
New Albany, Indiana- I-265 (to be eventually connected by bridge to the Kentucky I-265)
Ohio River Bridges Project
Super Bowl XLI, dubbed the "I-65 Bowl" due to the proximity of the competing teams' cities (Indianapolis and Chicago) to I-65
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Interstate 77 — Route information Length … Wikipedia
Interstate 69 — Route information Length … Wikipedia
Interstate 10 — Basisdaten Länge: 2460 mi/3960 km Bundesstaaten: Kalifornien Arizona New Mexico Texas … Deutsch Wikipedia
Interstate 80 — Route information Length … Wikipedia
Interstate 91 — Route information Length … Wikipedia
Interstate 5 — Basisdaten Länge: 1381 mi / 2222 km Bundesstaaten: Kalifornien Oregon Washington … Deutsch Wikipedia
Interstate 93 — Route information Length … Wikipedia
Interstate 71 — Route information Maintained by … Wikipedia
Interstate 87 — Map of the northeastern United States with I 87 highlighted in red Route information … Wikipedia
Interstate 20 — Basisdaten Länge: 1535 mi/2470 km Bundesstaaten: Texas Louisiana Mississippi Alabama … Deutsch Wikipedia
Interstate 77 — Basisdaten Länge: 611 mi/984 km Bundesstaaten: South Carolina North Carolina Virginia … Deutsch Wikipedia