A stabilization fund generally refers to a mechanism set up by a government or central bank to insulate the domestic economy from large influxes of revenue, as from commodities such as oil. A primary motivation is maintaining a steady level of government revenue in the face of major commodity price fluctuations (hence the term "stabilization"), as well as the avoidance of inflation and associated atrophy of other domestic sectors (Dutch disease). This generally involves the purchase of foreign denominated debt, especially if the goal is to prevent overheating in the domestic economy. May overlap with sovereign wealth fund.
Several such funds:
- Stabilization Fund of the Russian Federation
- Petroleum Fund of Norway (SPF)
- Chile's Copper Stabilization Fund (CSF)
- Oman's State General Reserve Fund (SGRF)
- Kuwait's Reserve Fund for Future Generations (RFFG)
- Papua New Guinea's Mineral Resources Stabilization Fund (MRSF)
- Venezuela's Macroeconomic Stabilization Fund (MSF)
- UAE Abu Dhabi Fund for Development
- Iran's Oil Stabilization Fund
Funds not revolving around large commodity revenue:
- European Financial Stability Facility
- Exchange Stabilization Fund
- IMF registered stabilization funds 
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