Charles Thomas Newton

Charles Thomas Newton
Charles Thomas Newton

Charles Thomas Newton
Born 16 September 1816
Bredwardine , Herefordshire
Died 28 November 1894
Nationality British
Fields archaeology

Sir Charles Thomas Newton (16 September 1816 – 28 November 1894) was a British archaeologist. He was made KCB in 1887.[1]

Newton was born at Bredwardine in Herefordshire, and educated at Shrewsbury School and Christ Church, Oxford. He entered the British Museum in 1840 as an assistant in the Antiquities Department. Antiquities, classical, Oriental and medieval, as well as ethnographical objects, were at the time included in one department, which had no classical archaeologist among its officers.

In 1852 Newton left the Museum to become vice-consul at Mytilene, with the object of exploring the coasts and islands of Asia Minor. Aided by funds supplied by Lord Stratford de Redcliffe, then British ambassador at Constantinople, he made in 1852 and 1855 important discoveries of inscriptions at the island of Kalymnos, off the coast of Caria; and in 1856-1857 achieved the great archaeological exploit of his life by the discovery of the remains of the mausoleum of Halicarnassus, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. He was greatly assisted by Murdoch Smith, afterwards celebrated in connection with Persian telegraphs. The results were described by Newton in his History of Discoveries at Halicarnassus (1862–1863), written in conjunction with R. P. Pullan, and in his Travels and Discoveries in the Levant (1865). These works included particulars of other important discoveries, especially at Branchidae, where he disinterred the statues which had anciently lined the Sacred Way, and at Cnidos, where Pullan, acting under his direction, found the colossal lion now in the British Museum.

In 1855 Newton declined the regius professorship of Greek at Oxford. In 1860 he was made British consul at Rome, but had scarcely entered upon the post when an opportunity presented itself of reorganizing the amorphous department of antiquities at the British Museum, which was divided into three and ultimately four branches. The Greek and Roman section naturally fell to Newton, who returned as Keeper, and held the office until 1885, declining the offer of the principal librarianship made to him in 1878. The Mausoleum Room, to accommodate the treasures he had found in Asia Minor, was built under his supervision, but the most brilliant episode of his administration was the acquisition of the Blacas and Castellani gems and sculptures. The Farnese and Pourtals collections were also acquired by him. He took a leading part in the foundation of the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies, the British School at Athens, and the Egypt Exploration Fund. He was Yates professor of classical archaeology at University College, London, from 1880 to 1888. His collected Essays on Art and Archaeology were published in 1886. When, on his retirement from the Museum, his bust by Boehm, now placed in one of the sculpture galleries, was presented to him as a testimonial, he desired the unexpended balance to be given to the school at Athens. After his retirement he was much occupied with the publication of the Greek inscriptions in the British Museum, but his health failed greatly in the latter years of his life. He died at Margate. He married in 1861 the daughter of his successor in the consulate at Rome, the painter Joseph Severn; she was Ann Mary Newton, herself a distinguished artist. She died in 1866.


  1. ^ "NEWTON, Sir CHARLES THOMAS". Dictionary of National Biography, Supplement, III: 224–225. 1901. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles Thomas Newton — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Newton. Charles Thomas Newton Sir Charles Thomas Newton (baptisé le 15 septembre 1816 à Clungunford, Shropshire et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Newton, Sir Charles Thomas — ▪ British archaeologist born Sept. 16, 1816, Bredwardine, Herefordshire, Eng. died Nov. 28, 1894, Margate, Kent       British archaeologist who excavated sites in southwestern Turkey and disinterred the remains of one of the seven wonders of the… …   Universalium

  • Charles Newton — may refer to: Charles Newton (actor) (1874–1926), American silent films actor Charles Newton (inventor) (1870–1932), American firearm designer and inventor C. M. Newton (born 1930), American basketball coach Charles D. Newton (1861–1930), NY… …   Wikipedia

  • Newton (Familienname) — Newton ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Newton (disambiguation) — * Charles Newton is an American silent films actor.Charles Newton may also refer to:* C. M. Newton, American basketball coach * Charles D. Newton, NY State Attorney General, 1919 ndash;1922 * Charles Thomas Newton (1816 ndash;1894), British… …   Wikipedia

  • Newton — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Patronyme 2 Toponyme 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Newton Lower Falls, Massachusetts — Charles River Newton Lower Falls, Massachusetts is a village of Newton, Massachusetts, on the Charles River. The commercial area extends across the river into Wellesley, Massachusetts, where it is known as Wellesley Lower Falls, where a majority… …   Wikipedia

  • Newton [3] — Newton (spr. njūt n), 1) Isaac, der Begründer der neuern mathematischen Physik und der physischen Astronomie, geb. 5. Jan. 1643 zu Woolsthorpe in der Grafschaft Lincoln, gest. 31. März 1727 in Kensington. Seit 1660 studierte er in Cambridge… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Charles Robert Darwin — Darwin im Alter von 51 Jahren, als er seine Evolutionstheorie veröffentlichte Charles Robert Darwin (* 12. Februar 1809 in Shrewsbury; † 19. April 1882 in Downe) war ein britischer Naturforscher. Er gilt wegen seiner we …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Charles — Infobox Person name = Thomas Charles caption = Welsh Nonconformist preacher birth date = October 14, 1755 birth place = Longmoor, Abercywyn, Wales death date = October 5, 1814 death place = WalesThomas Charles (14 October 1755 5 October 1814) was …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.