Romeo and Juliet (1954 film)

Infobox Film
name = Romeo and Juliet


image_size =
caption =
director = Renato Castellani
producer = Sandro Ghenzi Joseph Janni Earl St. John
writer = Renato Castellani
narrator =
starring = Laurence Harvey Susan Shentall
music = Roman Vlad
cinematography = Robert Krasker
editing = Sidney Hayers
distributor = Rank Organisation (UK)
United Artists (US)
released = 1 September 1954 (UK)
21 December 1954 (US)
runtime = 138 min
country = Italy/UK
language = English
budget =
gross =
preceded_by =
followed_by =
website =
amg_id =
imdb_id = 0047029

"Romeo and Juliet" is a 1954 film adaptation of William Shakespeare's play of the same title. It was directed by Renato Castellani and stars Laurence Harvey as Romeo, Susan Shentall as Juliet, Flora Robson as the Nurse, Mervyn Johns as Friar Laurence, Bill Travers as Benvolio, Sebastian Cabot as Lord Capulet, Ubaldo Zollo as Mercutio, Enzo Fiermonte as Tybalt and John Gielgud as the Chorus.

The film won the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival, and was named the best foreign film by the National Board of Review, which also named Castellani as best director.

Critical attention

Renato Castellani won the "Grand Prix" at the Venice Film Festival for his 1954 film of "Romeo and Juliet". [Tatspaugh, p.138] His film contains interpolated scenes intended to establish the class system and Catholicism of Renaissance Verona, and the nature of the feud. Some of Castellani's changes have been criticised as ineffective: interpolated dialogue is often banal, and the Prince's appearances are reimagined as formal hearings: undermining the spontaneity of Benvolio's defence of Romeo's behaviour in the duel scene. [Tatspaugh, p.139] The major supporting roles are vastly reduced, including that of the nurse; Mercutio becomes (in the words of Daniel Rosenthal) "the tiniest of cameos" and Friar Laurence "an irritating ditherer". [Rosenthal, pp.213-4] Castellani's most prominent changes related to Romeo's character, cutting back or removing scenes involving his parents, Benvolio and Mercutio in order to highlight Romeo's isolation, and inserting a parting scene in which Montague coldly pulls his banished son out of Lady Montague's farewell embrace. [Tatspaugh, p.139] Another criticism made by film scholar Patricia Tatspaugh is that the realism of the settings, so carefully established throughout the film, "goes seriously off the rails when it come to the Capulets' vault". [Tatspaugh, p.139] Castellani uses competing visual images in relation to the central characters: ominous grilles (and their shadows) contrasted with frequent optimistic shots of blue sky. [Tatspaugh, p.140] A well-known stage Romeo, John Gielgud, played Castellani's chorus (and would reprise the role in the 1978 BBC Shakespeare version). Laurence Harvey, as Romeo, was already an experienced screen actor, who would shortly take over roles intended for the late James Dean in "Walk on the Wild Side" and "Summer and Smoke". [Brode, pp.48-9] By contrast, Susan Shentall, as Juliet, was a secretarial student who was discovered by the director in a London pub, and was cast for her "pale sweet skin and honey-blonde hair". [Brode, p.51, quoting Renato Castellani.] She failed to rise to the demands of the role, and would marry shortly after the shoot, never returning to screen acting. [Brode, p.51, Rosenthal, p.213] Other parts were played by inexperienced actors, also: Mercutio was played by an architect, Montague by a gondolier from Venice, and the Prince by a novelist. [Rosenthal, p.214] Critics responded to the film as a piece of cinema (its visuals were especially admired in Italy, where it was filmed) but not as a performance of Shakespeare's play: Robert Hatch in The Nation said "We had come to see a play... perhaps we should not complain that we were shown a sumptuous travelogue", and Time's reviewer added that "Castellani's "Romeo and Juliet" is a fine film poem... Unfortunately it is not Shakespeare's poem!" [Brode, pp.50-1]

References

External links

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###@@@KEY@@@###succession box
title=Golden Lion winner
years=1954
before="Forbidden Games" (1952)
(no award in 1953)
after="Ordet"


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