- Zhu Youlang
Zhu Youlang (朱由榔), the Yongli Emperor, was the last serious claimant to the
emperorship of the Ming Dynasty.
Youlang was born in
Beijingin 1623 to the concubineMa. His father, Zhu Changying, (朱常瀛) was the seventh son of the Wanli Emperor. In 1627, Zhu Changying was made Prince of Gui, and the entire family moved to an estate at Hengyang(in southern Huguangprovince). Youlang was given the title Prince of Yongmingin 1636 and lived at Hengyanguntil it was taken over by a roving rebel army in 1643. The family then moved southwest with two other Ming princes toward Guangxi. For some months, Zhu Youlang was separated from his father and brother, being imprisoned by rebel forces at Taozhou. He managed to escape, however, and rejoined his family in the summer of 1644 at Wuzhou. Youlang's father died shortly afterwards, followed by Youlang's elder brother Zhu Youai in 1646.
Following the fall of
Beijingto the Manchusin 1644, a series of Ming princes continued to claim the throne. Surrounded by loyalists and rebels, they made efforts to resist the newly established Qing Dynastyand its Chinese allies. With the death of the Hongguang Emperor, Zhu Youlang, as the eldest surviving male in the Gui princely line, became next in succession to the Ming emperorship. Youlang's honorary mother, the Lady Wang, had objected that the prince was too young, inexperienced, and delicate to assume such a responsibility. But as the dynasty's cause grew more urgent, Zhu Youlang was prevailed upon to accept the role of regent. On 12 December, the Ming prince Zhu Yuyue was enthroned in Guangzhouas the Shaowu Emperor. In response, the supporters of Zhu Youlang had him enthroned with the reign title Yongli (永曆) at Zhaoqing, Guangdongprovince on 24 December 1646, at the age of just twenty-three.
Conflict quickly broke out between the Yongli and Shaowu forces. When Guangzhou was suddenly overrun by Qing troops on
20 January 1647and the Shaowu Emperor executed, Zhu Youlang and his court were forced to embark on a long odyssey into Guangxiand southern Huguang, during which time more than one son was born to the emperor's wife and concubines.
Because of a dramatic restoration of Ming fortunes in 1648, the Yongli court was able to return to
Zhaoqing. The second Qing campaign on Guangdong, led by Shang Kexiand Geng Jimao, however, forced the court to flee westward again. Zhu Youlang eventually made his way through Guangxiand Guizhou, to Yunnan. Even after the fall of Kunmingin 1659 to Qing troops, he continued to resist.
Zhu and his men fled into
Myanmarto seek refuge in Ava, but were treated as prisoners by the Myanmar king Pyé Min. Zhu's armed followers crossed the border to rescue him. They savaged Upper Myanmar, causing devastation for the local peoples. General Wu Sangui, then still loyal to the Qing, invaded Myanmar in 1662 with a sizable army, and demanded Zhu's surrender. Although he hesitated at first, King Pyé finally decided to hand Zhu over to avoid hostility. Zhu Youlang was taken by Wu Sangui's army back to Kunming, where he was executed on 16 May 1662. (Other sources list 25 May.)
* Yongli Emperor
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Zhu Youlang — ▪ emperor of Nan Ming dynasty Wade Giles romanization Chu Yu lang , reign name Yongli , also called Prince of Gui born November 1623, Beijing, China died April 1662, Kunming, Yunnan province claimant to the Ming (Ming dynasty) throne… … Universalium
Zhu Youlang, Prince of Gui — Emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty Reign 18 November 1646 June 1662 Reason for succession failure: Ming Dynasty replaced by Qing Dynasty in 1645 Predecessor Shaowu Emperor Dongwu Emperor Successor Title Extinct … Wikipedia
Zhu Shugui — Prince of NingJing bedroom, now become Tainan Grand Matsu Temple Zhu Shugui (Chinese: 朱術桂) (1617 21 July 1683), courtesy name Tianqiu (Chinese: 天球; lit. Celestial Sphere), titled the Prince of Ningjing (Chinese: 寧靖王), was a ninth generation… … Wikipedia
Dynastie des Ming du sud — Ming du sud 南明 (zh) 1644 – 1662 Informations générales Capitale Nankin Histoire et évènements 1644 Mort du dernier empereur Ming, sa famille fuit au sud où elle fonde une nouvelle dynastie 1662 … Wikipédia en Français
Südliche Ming-Dynastie — (chinesisch 南明 Nan Ming, 1644 1662) bezeichnet verschiedene, teilweise parallel verlaufende Herrschaften nach dem Untergang der Ming Dynastie. Im Einzelnen waren dies (die Herrscher wie beispielsweise Yongli oder Dingwu, deren… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Emperadores de China — Anexo:Emperadores de China Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Desde la dinastía Shang a la dinastía Qin, los gobernantes tuvieron el título de reyes (Chino: 王 Wang). Con la división de China en estados separados, este título llegó a ser tan común en… … Wikipedia Español
Список императоров Китая — История Китая Доисторическая эпоха Три властителя и пять императоров … Википедия
Династии Китая — История Китая Эпоха неолита Три властителя и пять императоров Династия Ся Династия Шан … Википедия
Император Китая — История Китая Эпоха неолита Три властителя и пять императоров Династия Ся Династия Шан … Википедия
Китайские императоры — История Китая Эпоха неолита Три властителя и пять императоров Династия Ся Династия Шан … Википедия