Northampton County, Pennsylvania

Northampton County, Pennsylvania
Seal of Northampton County, Pennsylvania
Seal
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Northampton County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the U.S. highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Founded March 11, 1752
Seat Easton
Largest city Bethlehem (partial)
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

377 sq mi (976 km²)
374 sq mi (969 km²)
4 sq mi (10 km²), 0.94%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

297,735
796/sq mi (307.2/km²)
Website www.northamptoncounty.org

Northampton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It was formed in 1752 from parts of Bucks County with the county seat of Easton.[1] Its namesake was Northamptonshire and the country house, Easton Neston. As of 2010, the population was 297,735.

Northampton County is located in Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley. Its northern edge borders The Poconos. The eastern section of the county borders the Delaware River, which divides Pennsylvania and New Jersey. It is bordered on the west by Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, the Lehigh Valley's more highly populated county.

The county is industrially-oriented, producing anthracite coal, cement, and other industrial products. Bethlehem Steel, once one of the world's largest manufacturers of steel, was located there prior to its closing in 2003.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 377 square miles (977 km²), of which 374 square miles (968 km²) is land and 4 square miles (9 km²) (0.94%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Government

Northampton is one of the six counties in Pennsylvania which has adopted a home rule charter. Instead of being run by a Board of Commissioners and several Row Officers, voters elect an Executive, a nine-person Council, a Controller, and a District Attorney. The Executive, Controller and District Attorney are elected by all voters in the County, as are five members of the Council. The other four Councilmen are elected by districts.

Elected Officials[1]

  • County Executive:
    • John Stoffa, Democrat
  • County Council:
    • Ron Angle, Republican
    • John Cusick, Republican
    • Thomas H Dietrich, Republican
    • J. Michael Dowd, Republican
    • Margaret (Peg) Ferraro, Republican
    • Bruce A Gilbert, Republican
    • Lamont G. McClure Jr., Democrat
    • Ann McHale, Democrat
    • Barbara A. Thierry, Republican
  • Clerk of Courts:
    • Leigh Ann Fisher, Democrat
  • County Controller:
    • Stephen Barron, Jr. , Democrat
  • District Attorney:
    • John Morganelli, Democrat
  • Prothonotary:
    • Holly Ruggiero, Democrat
  • Register of Wills:
    • Dorothy Cole, Democrat
  • Sheriff:
    • Randall Miller

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 24,238
1800 30,062 24.0%
1810 38,145 26.9%
1820 31,765 −16.7%
1830 39,482 24.3%
1840 40,996 3.8%
1850 40,235 −1.9%
1860 47,904 19.1%
1870 61,432 28.2%
1880 70,312 14.5%
1890 84,220 19.8%
1900 99,687 18.4%
1910 127,667 28.1%
1920 153,506 20.2%
1930 169,304 10.3%
1940 168,959 −0.2%
1950 185,243 9.6%
1960 201,412 8.7%
1970 214,368 6.4%
1980 225,418 5.2%
1990 247,105 9.6%
2000 267,066 8.1%
2010 297,735 11.5%
[2][3]

As of the 2010 census, the county was 86.3% White, 5.0% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American or Alaskan Native, 2.4% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian, 2.2% were two or more races, and 3.8% were some other race. 10.5% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 267,066 people, 101,541 households, and 71,078 families residing in the county. The population density was 714 people per square mile (276/km²). There were 106,710 housing units at an average density of 286 per square mile (110/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.23% White, 2.77% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.37% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.06% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 6.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.0% were of German, 14.0% Italian, 8.8% Irish, 5.1% English and 5.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 89.3% spoke English and 5.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 101,541 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

Politics

As of January 2010, there are 196,862 registered voters in Northampton County.[5]

In recent decades, Northampton has been identified as one of Pennsylvania's "swing counties," with statewide winners carrying it in most cases. All five statewide winners carried it in November 2004 and all four statewide Democratic candidates carried it in November 2008, with its DA John Morganelli doing well there despite losing statewide to incumbent Attorney General Tom Corbett. The Democratic Party has been dominant most of the time in county-level politics in recent decades, County Executive John Stoffa, and most of the row offices. However with only two out of nine current county council seats.

County Council Members

  • John Cusick, President, Republican, (At-Large)
  • Margaret (Peg) Ferraro, Vice President, Republican, (At-Large)
  • Ron Angle, Republican, District 4
  • Thomas H Dietrich, Republican, (At-Large)
  • J. Michael Dowd, Republican, District 2
  • Bruce A Gilbert, Republican, (At-Large)
  • Lamont G. McClure Jr., Democrat, District 3
  • Ann McHale, Democrat, District 1
  • Barbara A. Thierry, Republican, (At-Large)

State Representatives

  • Justin Simmons, Republican, 131st district
  • Joseph F. Brennan, Democrat, 133rd district
  • Steve Samuelson, Democrat, 135th district
  • Robert L. Freeman, Democrat, 136th district
  • Joe Emrick, Republican, 137th district
  • Marcia Hahn, Republican, 138th district
  • Julie Harhart, Republican, 183rd district

State Senators

US Representative

Notable people

Municipalities

Map of Northampton County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and two towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Northampton County:

Cities

Boroughs

Townships

  • Allen Township
  • Bethlehem Township
  • Bushkill Township
  • East Allen Township
  • Forks Township

Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Education

Colleges & Universities

Map of Northampton County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Public school districts & schools

Public Charter High Schools

The Lehigh Valley Charter High School for the Performing Arts, Bethlehem

Non-public high schools

Transportation

Aerial photo of Lehigh Valley International Airport (IATA: ABEICAO: KABE), 2005

Air transportation

Air transport to and from Northampton County is available through Lehigh Valley International Airport (IATA: ABEICAO: KABE).

Bus transportation

Public bus service in Northampton County is available through the Lehigh and Northampton Transportation Authority, known as LANTA. A shuttle bus service, The Bethlehem Loop, also operates in Bethlehem.

Expressways

Telecommunications

Northampton County was once served only by the 215 area code from 1947 (when the North American Numbering Plan of the Bell System went into effect) until 1994. With the county's growing population, however, Northampton County was afforded area code 610 in 1994. Today, Northampton County is covered by 610. An overlay area code, 484, was added to the 610 service area in 1999.[6] A plan to introduce area code 835 as an additional overlay was rescinded in 2001.[7]

Recreation

There are 2 Pennsylvania state parks in Northampton County.

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 40°45′N 75°19′W / 40.75°N 75.31°W / 40.75; -75.31


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