Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib


Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib
Born 545
Died 570 (aged 25)
Cause of death Illness
Resting place Jannatul Mualla, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Spouse Aminah bint Wahb
Children Son: Muhammad
Parents Father: 'Abd al-Mutallib

Abd Allah ibn Abd al-Muṭṭalib (Arabic: عبدالله بن عبد المطلب‎) (545-570) was the father of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He was the son of Shaiba ibn Hashim (`Abd al-Muttalib), and was married to Aminah bint Wahb.

Contents

Marriage

His father chose for him Aminah daughter of Wahb ibn 'Abd Manaf who was the grandson of Zuhrah, the brother of his great-great-grandfather Qusai. Wahb had been the chief of Banu Zuhrah as well as its eldest and noblest member but had died some previously and Aminah became a ward of his brother Wuhaib who had succeeded him as chief of the clan.

His father went with him to the quarter of Banu Zuhrah. There, he sought the residence of Wahaib and went in to ask for the hand of Wahb's daughter for his son. 'Abd Allah's father fixed his marriage with Aminah.[1] It was said that his face shone with a special light and that this light was the promise of a Prophet as offspring.[2] 'Abd Allah's father was the custodian of the Holy Ka'ba in Makkah. 'Abd Allah lived with Aminah among her relatives the first three days of the marriage. Afterwards, they moved together to the quarter of `Abd al-Muttalib.

Death

Soon after their marriage 'Abd Allah would be called to Palestine and as-Sham (present day Syria) on a trading caravan trip, when he left Aminah was pregnant. 'Abd Allah was absent for several months in Gaza. On his way back he stopped for a longer rest with the family of his maternal grandmother (Sahre bint Tahmur ibn Ubeyd ibn Qusai) in Madinah, where his maternal uncles also lived. While preparing to join a caravan to Makkah when he fell ill when the caravan reached.

The caravan went on without him to Makkah with news of his absence and disease. 'Abd al-Muttalib immediately sent his eldest son Harith to Madinah in order to accompany 'Abd Allah on the trip back to Makkah after his recovery. However upon arriving at Madinah Harith learned that his brother had died and that he had been buried in Makkah a month after the start of that same caravan to Madinah. Harith returned to Madinah to announce the death of `Abd Allah to his aged father and his bereaved wife Aminah.[3]

Estate

`Abd Allah left five camels, a herd of sheep and goats, and a slave nurse, called Umm Ayman, who was to take care his son Muhammad. This patrimony does not prove that `Abd Allah was wealthy, but at the same time it does not prove that he was poor. Furthermore, `Abd Allah was still a young man capable of working and of amassing a fortune. His father was still alive and none of his wealth had as yet been transferred to his sons.[4]

Name

His full name includes the name "Abdullah". Allah is the word for "God" in Arabic and is related to the word for "God" in Aramaic and other Semitic languages. Abd Allah means "servant of God" or "slave of God".

In Latin script, 'Abdullah ibn 'Abdul Muttalib (Shaiba) ibn Hashim (Amr) ibn Abd Manaf (al-Mughira) ibn Qusai (Zaid) ibn Kilab ibn Murra ibn Ka`b ibn Lu'ay ibn Ghalib ibn Fahr (Quraish) ibn Malik ibn an-Nadr (Qais) ibn Kinanah ibn Khuzaimah ibn Mudrikah (Amir) ibn Ilyas ibn Mudar ibn Nizar ibn Ma'ad ibn Adnan. (ibn means "son of" in Arabic; alternate names of people with two names are given in parentheses.) [5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Cook, Michael. Muhammad. Oxford University Press: New York, 1983. ISBN 0-19-287605-8.
  2. ^ Kathir, Ibn. The Life of the Prophet Muhammad : Volume 1. Trans. Prof. Trevor Le Gassick. Garnet Publishing: Lebanon, 1998. ISBN 1-85964-142-3.
  3. ^ Armstrong, Karen. Muhammad : A Biography of the Prophet. HarperSanFrancisco: San Francisco, 1993. ISBN 0-06-250886-5
  4. ^ Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources, Martin Lings, George Allen & Unwin, 1983, p24
  5. ^ http://www.sunnipath.com/Resources/PrintMedia/Books/B0033P0005.aspx

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

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