- Sydney Road, Melbourne
Infobox Australian Road
road_name = Sydney Road
caption = Formerly
length = 24
direction = North-South
through = Somerton, Campbellfield, Coburg, Brunswick
exits = Brunswick Road"'
Sydney Road .
Sydney Road starts at the northern end of Royal Parade at the boundary of Parkville and Brunswick and continues north through Brunswick, Coburg, Coburg North, Hadfield, Fawkner, Campbellfield, Somerton and Craigieburn, where it joins the
The section passing through Brunswick and Coburg, between Park St. at its southern end and Bell Street near the site of the former
Pentridge prison, at its northern end, is Melbourne's longest continuous shopping strip, with an abundance of small businesses and a variety of restaurants and coffee shops, clothing stores, places of worship, and community services. It is well-known for its wedding fashion shops, discount shopping and a number of specialist food stores.
Tram route 19 runs along the inner section of Sydney Road, starting at Bakers Road in
Coburg Northand ending in Elizabeth Street at Flinders Street Stationin the city. The Upfield railway linefrom the city loop runs parallel to Sydney Road about 200m to the west, with stations at Jewell, Brunswick, Anstey, Moreland and Coburg giving easy pedestrian access. Several east-west bus routes cross Sydney Road at various points (routes 503, 504, 506, 508, 509, 510, 512 and 513). The road has historically been signed as .
Victorian gold rushin the 1850s caused businesses to flourish on Sydney Road. Many were established to supply the miners on their trek north to the gold fields. Numerous hotels were built along Sydney Road in this period including the Brunswick Hotel, the Cornish Arms Hotel, the Sarah Sands Hotel, the Cumberland Arms Hotel and the Court House Hotel. It was originally called Pentridge Road, as it connected the city with Pentridge prison. It was renamed Sydney Road In 1859.
The early hub of business activity was between Weston Street and Albert Street in Brunswick, but by the 1880s businesses were rapidly being established beyond Albion Street. In the 1920s the clothing and textile industries grew; evidence of their presence in the area can still be seen in the existence of tailors shops, fabric shops and an abundance of wedding gown shops. During the 1930s the Unemployed Workers Movement held street meetings on the corner of Sydney Road and Phoenix Street. These meetings were harassed and suppressed by the police, under the direct orders of Police Commissioner, General
Thomas Blamey. Young Australian artist Noel Counihanplayed a significant part in this campaign. The State Government, concerned about the public sympathy being generated, eventually changed the law in regard to obstruction, with no requirement of permits to speak. A Free Speech memorial was built outside the Mechanics Instituteon the corner of Sydney and Glenlyon Roads to commemorate the success of the free speech fights. Counihan's work as an artist and local resident is also commemorated by the Counihan Gallery on Sydney Road run by the City of MorelandCouncil.
During the second world war and in the 1950s, Sydney Road came alive with late night shopping. This included late night shopping parades with floats. The construction of the Barkly Square shopping complex immediately to the east of Sydney Road in the 1980s coincided with a decline in the success of the strip. The Sydney Road Brunswick Association was formed in the early 1990s to provide a focus for action to revive the strip, utilising a range of community development and marketing techniques. With postwar immigration, many migrant families established businesses. The multicultural nature of business on Sydney Road is reflected in the cuisines offered by its restaurants and cafes. Italian, Greek and Turkish cuisines were once the dominant non-Anglo fare, but since the 1980s Sydney Rd's eateries have diversified and increased in number, so that the food available now includes Lebanese, Afghan, Thai, Chinese, Vietnamese, Japanese, North and East African, Balinese, Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan and Nepali cuisines. In the early 2000s, several hotels (pubs) were renovated and have become very popular live music venues. Property prices in Brunswick and Coburg (south of Bell St) rose sharply in the 1990s and early 2000s. The signs of
gentrificationare increasingly evident in the southern quarter of Sydney Road, with a rising number of clothing boutiques and many new eateries serving eclectic and contemporary Australian 'fusion' cuisine in stylish, designer environments, producing an increasingly diversified street life.
As a major
activity centrein Moreland, Sydney Road is a key component in any strategies of urban intensification to meet the requirements of the Victorian Government's metropolitan strategy, Melbourne 2030. In his first speech in December 2006, newly elected Moreland Mayor Mark O'Brien proposed turning the entire 4.5km commercial strip between Brunswick Road and Bell Street into a promenade, which would transform the usually congested Sydney Road into one of the longest pedestrian streets in the world. [ [http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/sydney-road-a-boulevard-of-dreams/2007/01/06/1167777325043.html Sydney Road boulevard of dreams, The Age, 6/1/07] ]
Sydney Road contains many historical landmarks. Many of the hotels date from the 1850s, including the Cornish Arms hotel and the Sarah Sands Hotel on the corner of Brunswick Road.
Brunswick Town Hall, built in 1876 on the corner of Dawson Street, is an imposing Victorian edifice. It was saved from planned destruction by the municipal council in 1973-1974 when Vic and
Vida Little, along with the Brunswick Progress Association, led a successful campaign to preserve it. The building was significantly extended and renovated in the early 1990s to upgrade the library, offices and public assembly spaces.
Diagonally opposite from the Town Hall stands the Mechanics Institute, built in 1868, and used for worker education and social activities. A monument to the Free Speech fights of the 1930s stands near the corner. The history of many of the single and double story shop fronts can be seen in the names and years moulded into the upper portions of the building facades. The
Mechanics Institutenow provides a popular performance space and offices for local arts administrators.
Sydney Road has a number of institutions that are notable for their contribution to the broader cultural life of Melbourne. The Mediterranean supermarket, between Victoria and Blyth Streets is a long-established, large and well-known source of Italian and other European foodstuffs. The A1 Middle Eastern Bakery, at the top of Brunswick Hill is the most high-profile of a number of such bakeries in the area, well-known for products such as flat bread that are supplied across Melbourne. A tour of these bakeries forms part of Melbourne's annual Food and Wine festival. Savers is a very popular supermarket-sized second-hand clothing store, located between Albert Street and Glenlyon Road. Well-known for its bridal shops, a recent arrival in Sydney Road is
Mariana Hardwick's emporium in the eponymously (re)named building between Sparta Placeand Ballarat Street.
Each year the
City of MorelandCouncil organises the Sydney Road Street Party, usually on a Sunday at the end of February, running from midday to 7pm. Sydney Road is closed to traffic from Union Street to Victoria Street in Brunswick. The Street Party launches the annual Brunswick Music Festival.
Several stages are erected for a variety of ethnic, folk and rock music to be performed live. Hundreds of community groups and local businesses set up stalls on the road. Street theatre and kids shows, and a wide variety of tasty food from many cuisines is there to be sampled. Tens of thousands of people enjoy a day of festivities taking over Sydney Road.
28 May 2006Australia's first ever Cyclovia was held on Sydney Road. From 8am–2pm the road was closed to motorised vehicles (except trams) between Brunswick Road and Bell Street, leaving the roadway free to be used by cyclists.
A second Cyclovia had been planned for Sunday, 17 February 2008, to tie in with a closure of Royal Parade and Swanston Street as part of the
Sustainable Living Festival. [http://goingsolar.com.au/pdf/transport/newsletters/transport_newsletter_43.pdf] However, the event was criticised by the RACVwhich claimed it was "a nuisance". [Susan Robson, 'Cyclovia flops', Moreland Leader, 14/1/08, p.9] The event was re-scheduled and took place on Sunday, 13 April 2008, Cafés along Sydney Road reported a brisk trade during the Cyclovia, while some other businesses complained they had fewer customers. Moreland councillorMark Higginbotham called for the event to be held more often.cite news |first=Clay |last=Lucas |title=Two wheels rule on Sydney Road |url=http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/two-wheels-rule-on-sydney-road/2008/04/13/1208024989667.html |publisher=" The Age" |date=2008-04-14 |accessdate=2008-04-15 ]
* Donati, L. "Almost Pretty: A History of Sydney Road", Publishing Solutions, 2005, ISBN 1-920892-38-9
* [http://www.sydneyroad.com.au/ Sydney Road Brunswick Association]
* [http://www.brunswickmusicfestival.com.au/srsp.htm Sydney Road Street Party]
* [http://home.vicnet.net.au/~bwkhistg Brunswick Community History Group]
* [http://www.brunswickmusicfestival.com.au Brunswick Music Festival]
* [http://www.cyclovia.org/ Cyclovia]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sydney Road Street Party — The Sydney Road Street Party is one of a number of large street based festivals in Melbourne, Australia. While many other festivals of this type in Melbourne celebrate a particular occasion or cultural group, the Sydney Road Street Party… … Wikipedia
Sydney Road Community School — The Sydney Road Community School is a small government school located in Sydney Road in the Melbourne suburb of Brunswick. It has approximately 100 students from Year 7 to Year 12. Established in 1972 at the height of the alternative education… … Wikipedia
Mickleham Road, Melbourne — Mickleham Road … Wikipedia
M80 Ring Road, Melbourne — Western Ring Road Metropolitan Ring Road … Wikipedia
Road transport in Australia — Road transport is an essential element of transport in Australia due to the large land area of the country and low population density in considerable parts of the country. Related to this, rail transport has not been sufficiently developed for a… … Wikipedia
Melbourne Public Libraries — Page The State Library of Victoria is the largest library within Victoria and one of the most prestigious libraries in Australia. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State Library of Victoria] The are a large number of other libraries within the… … Wikipedia
Melbourne Airport — This article is about the Australian airport. For other uses, see Melbourne Airport (disambiguation). Melbourne Airport Tullamarine Airport Melbourne airport control tower and a United B747 … Wikipedia
Melbourne — Este artículo trata sobre la ciudad australiana. Para la ciudad estadounidense, véase Melbourne (Florida). Melbourne … Wikipedia Español
Melbourne tram route 19 — City North Coburg Route Information … Wikipedia
Melbourne — 37°48′51″S 144°58′06″E / 37.81417, 144.96833 … Wikipédia en Français