Bexar County, Texas
Infobox U.S. County
county = Bexar County
state = Texas
founded year = 1836
founded date = December 20
seat wl = San Antonio | area_total_sq_mi =1257
area percentage = 0.78%
census yr = 2000
pop = 1392931
web = www.co.bexar.tx.us
Bexar County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof Texas. As of 2006, the population was estimated at 1,555,931. [ [http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/48/48029.html Bexar County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau ] ] Its county seatis San AntonioGR|6. In Spanish, "Béxar" is pronounced|ˈbehaɾ; however, in English it is pronEng|ˈbɛr "bear". [ [http://www.sachamber.org/relo/general_info.php General San Antonio Information ] ]
Bexar County is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Bexar County was created on
December 20, 1836, and encompassed almost the entire western portion of the Republic of Texas, including the disputed areas of western New Mexico northward to Wyoming. After statehood, 128 counties were carved out of its area.
The county gets its name from San Antonio de Béxar, one of the twenty-three municipalities (administrative divisions) of Texas at the time of its independence. San Antonio de Béxar—originally "Villa of San Fernando de Béxar"—was the first civil government established in the Spanish province of Texas. Specifically, the municipality was created in 1731 when fifty-five Canary Islanders settled near the system of missions that had been established around the source of the
San Antonio River. The new settlement was named after the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar, the Spanish military outpost that protected the missions. The presidio, located at the San Pedro Springs, was founded in 1718 and named for Viceroy Balthasar Manuel de Zúñiga y Guzmán Sotomayor y Sarmiento, second son of the Duke of Béxar (a city in Spain).
Bexar County is located in south-central Texas, about 190 miles (305 km) west of Houston and 140 miles (225 km) inland from the
Gulf of Mexico.
The Balcones Escarpment bisects the county from west to northeast; to the north of the escarpment are the rocky hills, springs and canyons of the
Texas Hill Country. South of the escarpment are Blackland Prairie and the South Texas plains. The San Antonio Riverrises from springs north of downtown San Antonio, and flows southward and southeastward through the county.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,257
square miles (3,255 km²), of which, 1,247 square miles (3,229 km²) of it is land and 10 square miles (25 km²) of it (0.78%) is water.
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,392,931 people, 488,942 households, and 345,681 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 1,117 people per square mile (431/km²). There were 521,359 housing units at an average density of 418 per square mile (161/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.86% White, 7.18% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 17.80% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. 54.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 488,942 households out of which 36.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.50% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28.50% under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 19.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $38,328, and the median income for a family was $43,724. Males had a median income of $30,756 versus $24,920 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $18,363. About 12.70% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over.
Famous People from Bexar County
Al Freeman, Jr., actor, ABC soap opera" One Life to Live", "Malcolm X", " Carol Burnett" and "Joan Crawford"
Michelle Rodriguezof ABC's "Lost"
Ciro D. Rodriguez, Member of Congress, previously 28th District, Texas, now 23rd District, Texas
Robert Rodríguez, Director of " Spy Kids", "Desperado", and "Sin City".
Notables of San Antonio, Texas
Cities and towns
*Only a very small portion of Cibolo is located in Bexar County. **Fair Oaks Ranch has territory in Bexar County, Kendall County, and Comal County. ***Selma and Schertz each have territory in both Bexar County and Guadalupe County. Schertz also has territory in Comal County. ****Lytle has territory in Bexar County, Atascosa County and Medina County.
The Bexar County jail facilities are located at 200 North Comal in Downtown San Antonio. [" [http://www.bexar.org/bcsheriff/location.htm BCSO Location and Driving Directions] ." "Bexar County". Accessed
September 14, 2008.]
Texas Department of Criminal Justiceoperates the Dominguez Unit, a state jail for men, in an unincorporated section of Bexar County. [" [http://www.tdcj.state.tx.us/stat/unitdirectory/bx.htm Dominguez (BX)] ." " Texas Department of Criminal Justice". Accessed September 14, 2008.]
* Stephens, A. Ray, and William M. Holmes, "Historical Atlas of Texas." University of Oklahoma Press, 1989. ISBN 0-8061-2307-9
* [http://www.co.bexar.tx.us/ Bexar County government's website]
* [http://texashistory.unt.edu/search/?q=%22United+States+-+Texas+-+Bexar+County%22&t=dc.coverage Historic Bexar County materials] , hosted by the [http://texashistory.unt.edu/ Portal to Texas History.]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
National Register of Historic Places listings in Bexar County, Texas — List of Registered Historic Places in Bexar County, Texas Map of all coordinates from Google Map of all coordinates from Bing … Wikipedia
List of Registered Historic Places in Bexar County, Texas — List of Registered Historic Places in Bexar County, TexasThis is intended to be a complete list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Bexar County, Texas. The locations of National Register properties… … Wikipedia
Edgewood Independent School District (Bexar County, Texas) — Edgewood Independent School District is a public school district based in San Antonio, Texas (USA).The Edgewood district is most notable as the original plaintiff in a Texas court case which led to the infamous Robin Hood school finance plan… … Wikipedia
Bexar County — Courthouse, gelistet im NRHP mit der Nr. 77001426 Verwaltung US Bundes … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bexar County Courthouse — Infobox nrhp | name = Bexar County Courthouse caption = The Bexar County Courthouse is a historic building in downtown San Antonio, Texas. location = San Antonio, Texas, USA nearest city = lat degrees = lat minutes = lat seconds = lat direction … Wikipedia
Bandera County, Texas — The Bandera County Courthouse in Bandera. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places on October 31, 1979 … Wikipedia
Wilson County (Texas) — Wilson County Courthouse, gelistet im NRHP mit der Nr. 78003001 Verwaltung US Bundesstaat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Comal County, Texas — The 3.5 story Romanesque style Comal County Courthouse in New Braunfels was built in 1898 … Wikipedia
Guadalupe County (Texas) — Guadalupe County Courthouse Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Texas V … Deutsch Wikipedia
Medina County (Texas) — Medina County Courthouse in Hondo Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Texas … Deutsch Wikipedia