First Battle of Newbury

The First Battle of Newbury took place on 20 September 1643, in Enborne and Wash Common adjoining Newbury, England, between Parliamentary forces under the Earl of Essex and Royalist forces under King Charles I in person, accompanied by Prince Rupert and Sir Jacob Astley. The two sides were fairly evenly matched; the King had about 8,000 infantry and 6,000 cavalry while Essex had 10,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry. Both sides had about 20 artillery pieces.Although the Royalists had arrived at Newbury ahead of the Parliamentarians, Essex made better use of the ground, securing positions on a hill overlooking the battlefield. While the Royalists succeeded in routing the Parliamentarian cavalry, they were unable to dislodge the infantry from their positions on the hill.

The battle was fought throughout the day, becoming a gruelling stalemate in which neither side won a clear advantage. The King, appalled at the bloodshed, rejected his advisors' suggestions that the battle should be continued into a second day and withdrew his forces to Oxford. The two sides had lost about 3,500 men between them but the Royalists had come off worst. The Earl of Carnarvon and the Earl of Sunderland had both been killed in the fighting. Most dismayingly of all for the King, the Viscount Falkland, his Secretary of State, had effectively committed suicide by riding deliberately to his death in apparent despair at the horror of the Civil War...

The Second Battle of Newbury would occur a little over a year later.

External links

* [ David Nash Ford's berkshire history]
* [ Earl Rivers Regiment Of Foote, Newbury in the English Civil War]
* [ Battlefield trust, 1st Battle Of Newbury]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Newbury — The two Battles of Newbury took place near Newbury, Berkshire during the English Civil War in 1643 and 1644.*First Battle of Newbury *Second Battle of Newbury …   Wikipedia

  • First Battle of Middlewich — The First Battle of Middlewich took place on the 13 March, 1643, [The date is adjusted to show the year starting on 1 January but retaining the Julian calendar, and all other dates in this article use this convention. This is type of dating is… …   Wikipedia

  • Second Battle of Newbury — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Second Battle of Newbury caption= partof=English Civil War date=October 27, 1644 place=Newbury, Berkshire result=Tactical Parliamentarian victory Strategically Indecisive combatant1=Parliamentarians… …   Wikipedia

  • Newbury — may refer to: Contents 1 Places 1.1 In the United Kingdom 1.2 In Canada …   Wikipedia

  • First English Civil War — The First English Civil War (1642–1646) was the first of three wars known as the English Civil War (or Wars ). The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between Parliamentarians and… …   Wikipedia

  • Newbury, Berkshire — Coordinates: 51°24′03″N 1°19′25″W / 51.4009°N 1.3235°W / 51.4009; 1.3235 …   Wikipedia

  • Newbury bypass — The Newbury bypass near Donnington The Newbury bypass, officially known as The Winchester Preston Trunk Road (A34) (Newbury Bypass), is a 9 mile (14 km) stretch of dual carriageway road which bypasses the town of Newbury in Berkshire,… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Aldbourne Chase — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Aldbourne Chase partof=the First English Civil War date=September 18, 1643 place=Aldbourne, Wiltshire result=inconclusive combatant1=Royalists combatant2=Parliamentarians commander1=Prince Rupert… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Winceby — The Battle of Winceby took place on 11 October, 1643 during the English Civil War near the village of Winceby, Lincolnshire about 6 km east of Horncastle.Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Winceby [… …   Wikipedia

  • Newbury Street (Boston) — Newbury Street is located in the Back Bay area of Boston, Massachusetts. It runs roughly east to west, from the Boston Public Garden to Massachusetts Avenue (often called Mass Ave) where there is a entrance to the Mass Pike westbound. It is lined …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.