- Sport in Europe
Sport in Europe tends to be highly organised with many sports having professional leagues.
The origins of many of the world's most popular sports today lay in the codification of many traditional games, especially in Britain.
The most common sport in Europe is undoubtedly football. European clubs teams are the strongest (and highest paid) in the world, and the
UEFA Champions League(the European clubs championship) is one of the sport's most prestigious tournaments. European national teams compete in the UEFA European Football Championshipand apart from South American teams, dominate in FIFA World Cupplay.Fact|date=September 2008 The most popular and successful football leagues are the Spanish La Liga, the English Premier League, the Italian Serie Aand German Bundesliga.
In addition to football, other team sports are popular is some regions of the continent.
Basketballis a commonly participated sport across Europe and is particularly popular in Mediterraneancountries, as is volleyball. Road bicycle racingis very popular in many European countries, especially in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Spainand Switzerland. Ice hockeyis popular in Scandinaviaand Eastern Europe. Handballis popular in many countries including Germany, Spain, Denmark and Sweden. Rugby unionis popular in the British Isles, Franceand northern Italy, with rugby leaguestill maintaining a small following in some parts of Great Britain. Cricketis a popular summersport in the United Kimgdom and has been exported to other parts of the former British Empire. Field hockeyis also popular in some European countries. Individual sports are also very important. In fact Europe was the birthplace of the Olympic Movementthat has become so central to modern individual sport, with Greecebeing to first country to hold the Olympics in 1896. In 1972 the Olympics was held in Munich, West Germany, which was a member of the European Communities, a forerunner of the EU. The XXV Olympiad took place in Barcelona, Spainin 1992, after the signing of the the Maastricht Treatyon the formation of the EU on 7 February 1992, but before the treaty came into force on 1 November 1993. The first Olympics to take place in the EU was the XXVIII Olympiad in Athens, Greecein 2004, where EU sportspeople won 81 gold medals, 101 silvers and 113 bronzes, a total of 295. The next will be the 2012 Games of the XXX Olympiad in Londonin the United Kingdom. The Winter Olympic Games have also been held in the EU: in 1992 the XVI Olympic Winter Games was in Albertville, France; and in 2006 the XX Olympic Winter Games was in Turin, Italy.
The most prestigious and lucrative athletics and
aquaticsmeets are in Europe, as are several major golftournaments. Europe also compete as a single team in the Ryder Cup. Tennis is popular in most of Europe and 2 of the 4 major Grand Slam events are held here, in France and the UK.
For those areas with the proper climate,
winter sportsare also an important. In Scandinavian and Alpinecountries, various forms of skiingand snowboardingare popular. European competitors have traditionally dominated at the Winter Olympics.
Other regions have games that are particular to their home, for example
hurlingin Ireland, bandyin Russia or bullfightingin Spain. Motorsports such as are popular across nearly all of Europe. Formula Oneis traditionally dominated by European drivers and teams and many grand prixare held in Europe. Motorcycle speedwayis also popular in Poland, Scandinavia, the Czech Republicand the United Kingdom.
Club over franchise
Unlike major team sports in North America, where franchises are awarded to nominated cities, most European teams have grown from small clubs formed by groups of individuals before growing rapidly. Churches and work places have often been the most fertile birth place of many of Europe's major sports clubs, particularly in Britain, which in latter part of the twentieth century led the way in organised sports Facts|date=July 2008.
Clubs therefore had an equal chance to grow to become among the strongest in their particular sport which has led to a situation where many cities are represented by two or even three top class teams in the same sport. In the 2007-08 football season,
Londonhas five teams playing in the English Premier League while Liverpool, Manchesterand Birminghamalso have double representation. The cities of Nottinghamand Sheffieldhave also previously had double representation in the Premier League (Sheffield currently has double representation in the second-level Championship) with the clashes between these sides being considered a major event in the city.
Sport in Asia
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sport en Europe — Le sport en Europe tient un rôle majeur. Il est composé d une multitude de disciplines, de compétitions et de clubs. Les origines de nombreux des sports les plus pratiqués aujourd hui proviennent de l amélioration et de la modernisation de… … Wikipédia en Français
Europe 1 Sport — Création 2 juin 2008 Disparition 31 août 2010 Slogan « Place Au Sport » Langue Français Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Sport dans l'Union europeenne — Sport dans l Union européenne Dans l Union européenne, une grande diversité de sports sont pratiqués, avec de nombreux athlètes de premier rang au niveau mondial. L action des institutions européennes Au niveau de la Commission européenne, le… … Wikipédia en Français
Sport en Ecosse — Sport en Écosse Le sport joue un rôle central dans la culture écossaise, et a été fortement influencé par le climat de l Écosse, à la fois tempéré et océanique. En effet les sports « tout temps » comme le rugby, le football et le golf y … Wikipédia en Français
Sport in Ireland — Sport on the island of Ireland is popular and widespread. Levels of participation and spectating are high, but as in other western regions participation has been dropping due to the increasing popularity of other activities such as watching… … Wikipedia
Sport en finlande — Finlande Comité olympique Suomen Olympiakomitea … Wikipédia en Français
Sport finlandais — Sport en Finlande Finlande Comité olympique Suomen Olympiakomitea … Wikipédia en Français
Sport en suisse — Suisse Comité olympique Swiss Olympic Association Clubs 22 578 (2004) … Wikipédia en Français
Sport en irlande — Irlande Comité olympique Comité olympique d Irlande Sport national Sports gaéliques : Football gaélique et Hurling Autres sports … Wikipédia en Français
Sport en pologne — Pologne Comité olympique PKOl Clubs Licenciés Pratiquants … Wikipédia en Français