3 Santa Monica Bay

Santa Monica Bay


In the 1930s, gambling ships anchored beyond the three mile limit, then measured from the beach. The ships were popular and a fleet of ever-larger ships and barges appeared until the State Attorney General got the limit recalculated to exclude the bay. The largest ship held off the state police for nine days with submachine guns in what the newspapers called "The Battle of Santa Monica Bay".

Once a major commercial fishery, Santa Monica Bay's water quality declined drastically in the 20th century as development of Los Angeles County resulted in large amounts of sewage and trash-rich storm runoff being dumped into its waters. Through restoration projects mandated by the Clean Water Act and advocated by groups such as Heal the Bay, the bay's water quality has improved fairly dramatically from its early-1980s nadir. Hyperion sewage treatment plant's output is now far cleaner than it had been. However, during the region's rainy winters, it still suffers from algal bloom and other water pollution-related maladies, forcing the closure of most of the famous beaches along its shore.

Communities and settlements

*Pacific Palisades
*Santa Monica
*Marina del Rey
*Playa del Rey
*El Porto
*El Segundo
*Manhattan Beach
*Hermosa Beach
*Redondo Beach
*Palos Verdes Estates
*Rancho Palos Verdes

External links

* [http://www.healthebay.org/ Heal the Bay]
* [http://cfpub.epa.gov/surf/huc.cfm?huc_code=18070104 EPA Santa Monica Bay Watershed Profile]

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