Petroşani


Petroşani

Infobox Settlement
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = ROU
timezone=EET
utc_offset=+2
timezone_DST=EEST
utc_offset_DST=+3
map_caption = Location of Petroşani

|official_name=Petroşani
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Petroşani
pushpin_mapsize =


image_shield=Coa Petrosani HD RO.pngsubdivision_type1=County
subdivision_name1=Hunedoara County
subdivision_type2=Status
subdivision_name2=Autolink|Municipality
settlement_type=Municipality|
leader_title=Mayor
leader_name=Tiberiu Iacob Ridzi
leader_party=Democratic Party
|area_total_km2=195.56
population_as_of=2002
population_total=45194|latd=45|latm=24|lats=44|latNS=N|longd=23|longm=22|longs=24|longEW=E|
website=http://www.petrosani.ro/

Petroşani (German: "Petroschen", Hungarian: "Petrozsény") is a city in Hunedoara County, Romania, with a population of 45,447 (2002).

History

The city of Petroşani was founded in the 17th century (around 1640). In 1720, anAustrian cartographer mentions that the entire Jiu Valley was intensly populated and settlements could be seen from one end to the other.

During the 1818 census, Petroşani had 233 inhabitants, while the entire Valley counted 2550. During this time, the main activity of the people was shepherding and no urban settlement had appeared yet.

Around 1840 coal surface mining began in Petroşani, Vulcan and Petrila.

The population encountered a massive increase only in the XXth century during the communist regime, as many workers were moved from Moldavia by the former Communist dictator, Nicolae Ceauşescu.

Geography

Petroşani is located in the Jiu Valley, which is the entrance to the Retezat National Park and provides access to the Vâlcan, Parâng and Retezat mountains.

Landmarks

* "Sfinţii Arhangeli" Church ("Holy Archangels Church"), built in the 18th century.
* The "I. G. Duca" school, built in 1935
* The Hungarian school - built in 1873 by Germans and inhabited by a group of 50 catholic nuns from a monastery near München
* The Old Theater, built in 1886
* The Lutheran Church, built between 1892 and 1896
* The Mining Museum, built in 1900
* The actual Sports School building, built in 1919
* The "I. D. Sîrbu" Theater Hall, built in 1905
* The Justice Court building, built in 1910
* The actual Student's cultural house, built in 1922
* The Unitarian Church, built between 1924 and 1928
* The University of Petroşani, built in 1948
* The Jiul Shopping Center , re-opened in December 2007 after rennovation, initially built in the `70-`80

ocial events

The following social events take place in Petroşani:
* the Dramatic Theater offers a wide variety of performance every week
* the annual international folklore festival
* the Folk Music Festival "Cântecul Adâncului..." ("Song of the Deep")
* artistic summer camps organized by the Petroşani University
* art, numismatic and caricatures exhibitions
* piano and violin recitals, offered by the Music School
* the Petroşani Days festival, usually organized in autumn
*the annual Underground Valley Graffiti Fest

Ethnicity

* 40,407 Romanians
* 3,815 Hungarians
* 275 Germans

External links

* [http://www.jiuvalley.com Jiu Valley Portal] - the home of the Official Jiu Valley City Websites and a gateway to the Retezat National Park and other destinations in the Transylvanian Alps
* [http://www.jiuvalley.com/engl/cities_x/index.asp Official Jiu Valley Municipal Websites]
* [http://www.jiuvalley.com/engl/maps/index.asp Maps of Petroşani, Jiu Valley and region]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Petrosani — Petroşani Petroschen (Steinthal) Petrozsény …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Petroșani — Petroschen (Steinthal) Petrozsény …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Petrosani — Petroşani Petroşani Judeţ de Hunedoara (Roumanie) Statut : Municipalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petroșani — Petroșani …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petroşani —   [petrɔ ʃanj], ungarisch Petrozsény [ pɛtroʒeːɲ], Stadt im Kreis Hunedoara, im Südwesten Rumäniens, 650 m über dem Meeresspiegel, in der Petroşanisenke der Südkarpaten, 53 100 Einwohner; TU, Institut für Kohleforschung, Bergbaumuseum; Bau von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Petroșani — For the village in Constanţa County, see Deleni, Constanţa. Petroşani   Municipality   Apartment building …   Wikipedia

  • Petroşani — /* */ Petroşani …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petroșani — ▪ Romania       city, Hunedoara județ (county), west central Romania, situated on a tributary of the Jiu River. Founded in the 17th century, it is the principal city and cultural centre for the upper Jiu Valley coalfield. It has a theatre and a… …   Universalium

  • Petroşani — Diese Schreibung ist obsolet. Das Stichwort ist unter „Petroșani“ zu finden. In der rumänischen Orthographie finden statt der Buchstaben Şş und Ţţ die Buchstaben Șș und Țț Anwendung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Petrosani — Original name in latin Petroani Name in other language Petrosani, Petroseni, Petroshani, Petrozseny, Petrozsny, Petroani, Petroeni, Pietrosani, Pietroani, Петрошани State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 45.41667 latitude… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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