USS Pargo (SS-264)
USS "Pargo" (SS-264), a "Gato"-class
submarine, was the first ship of the United States Navyto be named for the pargo, a fish of the genus " Lutjanus" found in the West Indies.
The first "Pargo" (SS-264) was laid down
21 May 1942by Electric Boat Co., Groton, CT; launched 24 January 1943; sponsored by Miss Belle Baruch; and commissioned 26 April 1943, Lt. Comdr. Ian C. Eddy in command.
First and second war patrols, August – December 1943
Following shakedown and training "Pargo" sailed via the
Panama Canalto Pearl Harbor, arriving 23 July 1943. The first of her eight war patrols began 18 Augustand took her into the East China Seawhere she twice attacked the enemy, inflicting undetermined damage to several ships before returning to Pearl Harbor 6 October.
After refitting "Pargo" sailed
30 Octoberin company with USS|Snook|SS-279|2 and USS|Harder|SS-257|2 in a wolf-pack. The efforts of the three were well directed against the open sea area northwest of the Marianas where "Pargo" sank two freighters, "Manju Maru" and "Shoko Maru" totaling 7,810 tons, on 29 Novemberand 30 November.
Third, fourth, and fifth war patrols, March – October 1944
"Pargo" next underwent overhaul and received a new engine at
Mare Island Naval Shipyard. On 5 March 1944she was underway for Pearl Harbor and 25 Marchbegan her third war patrol. Her mission, to destroy enemy ships in the Philippine and Celebes Seas areas was carried out with several attacks, one of which sank an ex-net tender. "Pargo" began refitting at Fremantle, Australia 24 May.
13 Junefor the Celebes Sea, "Pargo" noted fewer ships present in the area. She scored well again, however, damaging several and sinking a 5,236 ton cargo ship, "Yamagibu Maru".
"Griffin" (AS-13) refitted "Pargo" at Fremantle to prepare her for her next patrol. From
3 Septemberto 7 Octobershe ranged the South China Sea, pressing her attacks to damage several Japanese ships and to sink two more, including a minelayer.
Sixth and seventh war patrols, October 1944 – March 1945
28 October"Pargo" sailed from western Australian waters in company with USS|Haddo|SS-255|2 for her sixth patrol. From Exmouth Gulfshe continued alone into the South China Sea where she found that increased allied air activity had further diminished use of the shipping lanes. She sank tanker "Yuho Maru" off Brunei Bay 26 November. Following this action she received from escorts the worst depth charging of her career, but escaped without serious damage, and returned to Australia 21 December.
Replenishment and retraining ensued, and on
15 January 1945"Pargo" got underway for the Indo-Chinacoast. Six days out she launched a night torpedoattack that damaged several ships. On 10 Februaryshe again engaged the enemy and ten days later blew up destroyer"Nokaze". "Pargo" then sailed via Saipanand Pearl Harbor to Mare Island for a modernization overhaul which lasted from 25 Marchto 17 June.
Eighth war patrol, July – September 1945
The submarine’s eighth and final patrol spanned the 42-day interval from
14 Julyto 9 September. Transiting the minefields of Tsushima Straits, she entered the Sea of Japanwhere she attacked a six-ship convoy. She made her last sinking on 8 August, the passenger-cargo ship "Rashin Maru", to total nine for the war. After Japanese capitulation, "Pargo" remained in the mine-filled waters until after the peace terms were signed and then sailed for Guam.
Returning to Pearl Harbor with the knowledge that she had contributed materially to the victory in the Pacific, Pargo assumed post-war duties as part of the squadron based there. She decommissioned
12 June 1946and was assigned to train Naval Reservists in the 13th Naval District where she remained until 1 June 1960when her name was struck from the Navy List. "Pargo" was sold 17 April 1961.
"Pargo" received eight
battle stars for World War IIservice. All eight of her war patrols were designated as "successful". She is credited with having sunk a total of 27,983 tons of enemy shipping.
See USS|Pargo for other ships of the same name.
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/08/08264.htm navsource.org: USS "Pargo"]
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