The Hapke parameters are a set of parameters for a quasi-experimental model that are commonly used to describe the
directional reflectance properties of the airless
regolithsurfaces of bodies in the solar system. They were developed by astronomer Bruce Hapkeat the University of Pittsburgh.
The quantities are cite journal | author= P. Helfenstein "et al"| title= "Galileo Photometry of Asteroid 243 Ida"| journal= Icarus| year= 1996| volume= 120| pages= 48| url= http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=1996Icar..120...48H&db_key=AST&data_type=HTML&format=&high=444b66a47d10703| doi= 10.1006/icar.1996.0036] :
# — Single scattering
albedo. This is the ratio of scattering efficiency to total light extinction (which includes also absorption), for small-particle scattering of light. That is, , where is the scattering coefficient, and is the absorption coefficient[http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/SingleScatteringAlbedo.html Single Scattering Albedo] , scienceworld.wolfram.com.]
# — The width of the opposition surge.
# or — The strength of the opposition surge.
# or "g" — The particle phase function parameter, also called the asymmetry factor.
# — The effective surface tilt, also called the macroscopic roughness angle.
The Hapke parameters can be used to derive other albedo and scattering properties such as the
geometric albedo, the phase integral, and the Bond albedo.
Bidirectional reflectance distribution function
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