Calcio Fiorentino


Calcio Fiorentino

"Calcio Fiorentino" was an early form of football that originated in 16th century Italy. The "Piazza Santa Croce" of Florence is the cradle of this sport, that became known as "giuoco del calcio fiorentino" ("Florentine kick game") or simply "calcio" ("kick").

The official rules of calcio were published for the first time in 1580 [Halpern, J. "Balls and Blood", Sports Illustrated. Vol 109, No. 4: August 4, 2008, p. 42.] by Giovanni de' Bardi [Bardi, Cosimo. "Discorso sopra il giuoco del calcio fiorentino del Puro Accademico Alterato". In Firenze : nella Stamperia de' Giunti, 1580] , a Florentine count. Just like Roman harpastum, it was played in teams of 27, using both feet and hands. Goals could be scored by throwing the ball over a designated spot on the perimeter of the field. The playing field is a giant sand pit with a goal running the width of each end. There is a main referee, six linesmen and a field master. Each game is played out for 50 minutes with the winner being the team with the most points or 'cacce'.

Originally, calcio was reserved for rich aristocrats [Halpern, J. "ibid", p. 42.] , who played every night between Epiphany and Lent. In the Vatican, even Popes, such as Clement VII, Leo XI and Urban VIII were known to play.

The sport was not played for around two hundred years but then revived in the twentieth century when organized games began again in 1930. [Halpern, J. "ibid", p. 42.] Today, three matches are played each year in "Piazza Santa Croce", in the 3rd week of June. The modern version allows tactics such as head-butting, punching, elbowing, and choking, but forbids sucker-punching and kicks to the head. [Halpern, J. "ibid", p. 42.]

Teams

*Santa Croce / azzurri (blue)
*Santa Maria Novella / rossi (red)
*Santo Spirito / bianchi (white)
*San Giovanni / verdi (green)

ee also

*Volata

References

External links

*http://www.expertfootball.com/history/ History of Soccer from ExpertFootball.com
*it http://www.globeit.it/caf/ "Calcio Storico Fiorentino" via City of Florence website
*http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WsRqSNSjy3E Video: Calcio Storico Fiorentino Mini-Documentary
*it http://www.puredesign.it/gallery2/main.php/v/calciostorico/ Photogallery: parade and match on 24th June 2008


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  • Calcio Storico — Calcio florentin Un match de calcio florentin joué en 1688 sur la piazza Santa Croce. Le calcio florentin (appelé calcio in costume, calcio in livrea ou calcio storico fiorentino en italien) est un sport florentin de la Renaissance qui est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calcio florentin — 43° 46′ 08″ N 11° 15′ 42″ E / 43.7688, 11.2616 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • calcio — 1càl·cio s.m. FO 1a. colpo dato con il piede: dare un calcio a qcs., a qcn., prendere a calci qcn., qcs., tirare calci | mandare via, cacciare via qcn. a calci, molto bruscamente, in malo modo | dare un calcio alla fortuna, a una buona occasione …   Dizionario italiano

  • Calcio — For the sport Italian term, see Calcio Fiorentino and association football .Infobox CityIT official name = Comune di Calcio img coa = Calcio (BG) Stemma.png img coa small = region = RegioneIT|sigla=LOM province = ProvinciaIT|sigla=BG (BG) mayor …   Wikipedia

  • Fiorentino — (San Marino) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • fiorentino — fio·ren·tì·no agg., s.m. AU 1. agg., di Firenze: la storia, la civiltà fiorentina; il dialetto fiorentino, la parlata fiorentina | agg., s.m., nativo o abitante di Firenze 2. agg., relativo alla squadra di calcio della Fiorentina; che gioca o… …   Dizionario italiano

  • fiorentino — agg.; anche s. m. 1. di Firenze 2. (calcio) viola, gigliato …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Giuoco del calcio — Calcio florentin Un match de calcio florentin joué en 1688 sur la piazza Santa Croce. Le calcio florentin (appelé calcio in costume, calcio in livrea ou calcio storico fiorentino en italien) est un sport florentin de la Renaissance qui est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Campionato Sanmarinese di Calcio — Die Campionato Sammarinese di Calcio (deutsch: san marinesische Fußballmeisterschaft) ist die Fußballmeisterschaft von San Marino. Die Liga wurde 1985 gegründet und umfasst 15 Mannschaften. Bis 1996 gab es mit der Serie A1 und A2 zwei Ligen, die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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