As "necessity is the mother of invention", the range of Canadian inventions is a reflection of the particular circumstance of the nation: it is a large country with a need for innovation to help bridge the distance gap. Fittingly, many of her inventions have been in the fields of transportation and communications, while others reflect her position as a northern country rich in primary resources. Numerous advances have also been achieved in devices related to improving the way these resources are developed (as in agriculture and manufacturing). But like so many inventions, many of her important achievements either built on other works or were improved by others so that precedence is sometimes difficult to pin down (see for example the
Light bulb). The nation also funds the National Research Council of Canada(NRCC), which has been an important factor in fostering innovation and technological advancement.
Notable Canadian Inventions
Some notable Canadian inventions and their inventors include:
Canola(or rapeseed) was developed by National Research Councilpersonnel in the (1940s).
* The McIntosh Red apple was developed by John McIntosh.
Walkie-Talkiewas improved by Donald L. Hings(1942).
television camerawas improved by F.C.P. Henroteau (1934).
* wireless radio was improved by
Reginald Fessenden(1900), introducing audio radio.
Standard timewas introduced by Sir Sandford Fleming(1878).
* The Cesium Beam atomic clock was developed by National Research Council personnel in the 1960s.
* Java programming language was invented by
* Development of the
BlackBerrywas led by Mike Lazaridis.
Transportation and mobility
hydrofoilboat was invented by Alexander Graham Belland Casey Baldwin(1908).
* The jetliner was improved by
James C. Floydin (1949).
* The electric streetcar was improved by
John Joseph Wrightin (1883).
* The Canadarm was developed by staff of the National Aeronautical Establishment (1981).
* The variable pitch propeller was invented by
Wallace Rupert Turnbull(1927).
Crash Position Indicatorwas invented by personnel of the National Research Councilin the (1950s)
* The Parclo (partial cloverleaf) interchange was developed by planners at the Ontario Department of Highways (20th century)
* The Electric wheelchair was invented by
George Kleinduring World War II
snow blowerwas invented by Arthur Sicard (1927).
snowmobilewas invented by Joseph-Armand Bombardier(1937).
foghornwas invented by Robert Foulis (1854).
rotary snowplowfor railroads was invented by a Canadian dentist in 1869.
gas maskwas improved by Dr. Cluny Macpherson in 1915.
port and entertainment
Table hockeywas invented by Donald Munro (1930s).
Basketballwas invented by James Naismith(1892).
goalie maskwas invented by Jacques Plantein 1959.
* The music synthesizer was invented by
Hugh Le Cainein 1945.
IMAXwas co-invented Roman Kroitor(1968).
DigiSync, a bar-code reader used in motion picture production was invented by Mike Lazaridis (it won Emmy and Academy Awards in 1999)
Five pin bowlingwas invented by Thomas F. Ryanin Toronto in 1909.
* The jolly jumper was invented by
Olivia Poolein 1959.
Pablumwas invented by Frederick Tisdall, Theodore Drake, and Alan Brown in 1930.
light bulbwas invented by Henry Woodward but the patent was later sold to Thomas Edison.
* The garbage bag was invented by
Kerosenewas invented by Abraham Gesner.
Easy-OffOven Cleaner was invented by Herbert McCool in Regina in 1932.
Plexiglaswas invented by William Chalmers while a graduate student at McGill University. [ [http://www.mcgill.ca/facts2005-06/alumni/ McGill University Facts 2005-2006: Alumni] ]
Paint rollerwas invented by Norman James Breakey.
Robertson screwdriverwas invented by P.L. Robertson
The Greatest Canadian Invention.
Science and technology in Canada
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