- Indian National Congress (Socialist)
Indian Congress (Socialist) (IC(S)) was a
political partyin Indiabetween 1978and 1986. The party was formed through a split in the Indian National Congress. Initially the party was known as the Indian National Congress (Urs) and was led by D. Devraj Urs. It broke away from the parent party in 1978 following Indira Gandhi's drubbing in the 1977 General Elections. Urs took with him many legislators from Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtraand Goaincluding future Union Ministers and Chief Ministers K.P. Unnikrishnan, A.K. Antony, Sharad Pawarand Ramakrishna Hegde.
When Sharad Pawar took over the party presidency in October 1981, the name of the party was changed to Indian Congress (Socialist) [Andersen, Walter K.. "India in 1981: Stronger Political Authority and Social Tension", published in Asian Survey, Vol. 22, No. 2, A Survey of Asia in 1981: Part II (Feb., 1982), pp. 119-135]
1986Pawar and his party rejoined the Indian National Congress.
One section led by Sarat Chandra Sinha broke away from IC(S) in
1984and formed a separate party known as Indian Congress (Socialist) - Sarat Chandra Sinha. This faction merged with Sharad Pawar's NCP in 1999. [http://www.tribuneindia.com/1999/99jun11/spotlite.htm]
Kerala, the residual faction of Indian Congress (Socialist) led by Kadannappally Ramachandran is existing and part of Left Democratic Front.
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