Uch

Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Uch Sharif


State Party = PAK
Type = Cultural
Criteria = (ii)(iv)(vi)
ID = 1883
Region = Asia and the Pacific
Year = 2004
Session = ?
Link = [ [http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/1883/ Tomb of Bibi Jawindi, Baha'al-Halim and Ustead and the Tomb and Mosque of Jalaluddin Bukhari] ]

Uch or Uch Sharif is located in 75 km from Bahawalpur in Punjab province, Pakistan. Uch is also known as "Alexandria at the Head of the Punjab", is an historical city in Pakistan. Formerly located at the confluence of the Indus and Chenab rivers, it is now removed some 13 km from that confluence. It was an important center in medieval India, as an early stronghold of the Delhi Sultanate in the 13th century during the Muslim conquest.

History

It is believed that in 325 BCE Alexander the Great founded a city called Alexandria at the site of the last confluence of Punjab rivers with the Indus river [ [http://www.livius.org/a/pakistan/uch/alexandria.html Alexandria (Uch) - Livius.org] ]

However according to the website of the Embassy of Pakistan

In 710, Muhammad bin Qasim conquered the city and during the Muslim period Uch was one of the centres of Islamic studies of South Asia. There are several tombs of famous mystics (Sufis) in Uch, notably the tombs of Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari and his family. These structures were joined by a series of domed tombs; the first is said to have been built for Baha’ al-Halim by his pupil, the Suharwardiya Sufi saint Jahaniyan Jahangasht (1307-1383) the second for the latter’s great grant daughter, Bibi Jawindi, in 1494 and the third for the latter’s architect.

ee also

IMAGES AND MANY MORE THINGS.

References

*Henry George Raverty, "Notes on Afghanistan and Baluchistan"; (1878) [http://www.wasaib.com/uchch-in-1878-a.d.html]

External links

* [http://www.uchsharif.com : the complete website on uchsharif]

* [http://www.flickr.com/photos/uchsharif/ Uch Sharif : New Photographs on Uch Sharif]

* [http://www.flickr.com/photos/junaidrashid/sets/72157600334357632/ Uch : A detailed photographic description of all famous places of Uch Sharif]

* [http://www.flickr.com/photos/rowan-castle/437840128/in/pool-pakistan/ Shrine of Bibi Jawindi, Uch Sharif]

* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/1883/ UNESCO World Heritage Foundation - Tomb of Bibi Jawindi, Baha'al-Halim and Ustead and the Tomb and Mosque of Jalaluddin Bukhari]

* [http://www.pbase.com/sethlazar/image/69594965 Photographs]

* [http://archnet.org/library/sites/one-site.tcl?site_id=56 Bibi Jawindi Tomb-ArchNet]

* [http://www.livius.org/a/pakistan/uch/alexandria.html Livius Uch Picture Archive]

* [http://www.embassyofpakistan.org/tour1.php Tourism]

* [http://www.pakwheels.com/forumreply_az_TopicID!54405~ForumID!29~pw.html Pictures - Tomb of Bibi Jawindi]


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