USS Hake (SS-256)
USS "Hake" (SS/AGSS-256), a sclass|Gato|submarine, was a ship of the
United States Navynamed for the hake, a kind of fish.
"Hake" (SS-256) was launched by the Electric Boat Co., Groton, Conn.,
17 July 1942; sponsored by Mrs. F. J. Fletcher, wife of Rear Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher; and commissioned 30 October 1942, Lt. Comdr. J. C. Broach in command.
Atlantic war patrols, April – July 1943
"Hake" departed for shakedown off New London soon after commissioning and after bringing crew and equipment up to fighting efficiency began her first war patrol from New London
8 April 1943. Her mission on this patrol was to search out and destroy German submarines in the North Atlantic, but no contacts were gained and she arrived Helenburgh, Scotland, to terminate the patrol 29 April. She departed for her second patrol, off the Azoresand again on antisubmarine patrol, 27 May 1943and after encountering few submarines returned to New London 17 July.
Third and fourth war patrols, December 1943 – April 1944
Newly assigned to the Pacific, "Hake" departed New London
25 August 1943for San Diego, via the Panama Canal. After a training period off the Californiacoast, she sailed for the western Pacific 6 December. "Hake" armed at Pearl Harborand departed for her third war patrol 27 December 1943. She sighted a transport en route to Japan 11 January 1944and after a day-long chase to gain position sank her the next day. The submarine then continued to her cruising grounds off the Philippine Islands, patrolling off Luzonand later moving south to Mindanao.
The night of
26 Januaryshe attacked a tanker, damaged her, and in turn suffered considerable damage from depth chargeattacks before making her escape. Hake next encountered three ships with two escorts 1 February. With the three targets in a line of bearing after a perfect approach, the submarine launched a spread of six torpedoes, sinking two of the three, "Tacoma Maru", and "Nanka Maru". The attack achieved complete surprise and "Hake" was not attacked by the screening vessels. She then departed for Fremantle, Australia, terminating the patrol there 20 February 1944.
"Hake"'s fourth war patrol was spent in the
South China Seanear Singapore, following departure from Fremantle 18 March 1944. She encountered her first target 27 Marchoff southwest Borneo, and it was a submariner's dream—an unescorted tanker. Two torpedoes sent the ship, "Yamamizu Maru", to the bottom. After an attack the night of 1 Aprilin which "Hake" damaged several ships she battled escorts and searched for transports until 30 April, when she arrived Fremantle.
Fifth and sixth war patrols, May – September 1944
For her fifth war patrol, commencing
23 May, "Hake" was assigned the area southwest of Mindanao. Her duty was to attack shipping and to act as a picket to alert American forces to the approach of the Japanese fleet, which was expected to sortie from Tawi Tawito the Mariana Islands. Sighting destroyer"Kazegumo" 8 June, she closed for the attack and succeeded in sinking her adversary, but fierce attacks prevented her from sinking any of the accompanying destroyers. "Hake" also succeeded in sinking two transports during this patrol. Cargo ship "Kinshu Maru" was sunk 17 Juneafter four hits, and a heavily laden troop transport was sunk 3 days later at the entrance to Davao Gulf. She returned to Fremantle 11 July 1944.
"Hake" returned to her patrol area off the Philippines, departing
5 August. During this, her sixth war patrol, she attacked another destroyer, damaging it, but made few additional contacts because of extremely heavy air and surface patrolling by Japanese forces. She arrived at Fremantle Harbor 24 September 1944.
Seventh, eighth, and ninth war patrols, October 1944 – August 1945
20 Octoberfor her seventh war patrol, "Hake" encountered few contacts in her patrol area. Operating with USS|Hardhead|SS-365|2 and the ill-fated USS|Growler|SS-215|2, which was lost on the patrol, "Hake" spent a harrowing 16 hours 7 November– 8 November, counting nearly 150 depth charges and sustaining considerable damage.
19 November"Hake" torpedoed Japanese cruiser "Isuzu" west of Corregidor, damaging her rudder.cite book | url = http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/USN-Chron/| title = The official chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II | chapter = Chapter VI: 1944 | chapterurl = http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/USN-Chron/USN-Chron-1944.html | first = Robert | last = Cressman | location = Annapolis, Maryland | publisher = Naval Institute Press | year = 2000 | isbn = 9781557501493 | oclc = 41977179 | accessdate = 2007-11-19]
She was subsequently sent on a special mission off
Panay Island, where she rendezvoused with Filipino guerrillas to bring on board 29 U.S. aviators shot down in recent air attacks. Her valuable cargo safe, "Hake" returned to Australia, arriving Fremantle 16 December.
"Hake" departed Fremantle for her eighth war patrol
12 January 1945. After searching the South China Sea(now almost denuded of targets) for almost a month, she headed for San Francisco, arriving 13 March. After overhaul she departed San Francisco some 2 months later and began her ninth war patrol in the Pacific 20 July 1945. "Hake" acted as lifeguard ship for the air strikes against Japan, and after the surrender had the distinction of being 1 of 12 submarines to witness the historic ceremonies on board the battleshipUSS|Missouri|BB-63|2 in Tokyo Bay.
Following the signing, "Hake" started on the long trek back to New London, via the Panama Canal. She decommissioned at New London
13 July 1946, entered the reserve fleet, and was taken out of reserve 15 October 1956to serve as a Reserve Training Ship for 4th Naval District at Philadelphia, Pa. Her classification was changed to AGSS-256, auxiliary submarine, 6 November 1962. She continued to serve out of commission as a training ship for reservists at Philadelphia until she was struck from the Navy List 1 March 1967to be sold.
"Hake" received seven
battle stars for her service in World War II. Her third, fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh war patrols were designated successful.
See USS|Hake for other ships of the same name.
* [http://hazegray.org/danfs/submar/ss256.txt hazegray.org: USS "Hake"]
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