Turkish Islamic Jihad

The Turkish Islamic Jihad (TIJ) is an Islamic Jihad organization. The group has never publicly told a specific ideology, but their name implies a fundamentalist Islamic orientation. In their only public statement, the group claimed to oppose the efforts of both the United States and Egypt at the 1991 Madrid Peace Conference, whom they accused of attempting to “divide up the Middle East.” In 1992 the Turkish Islamic Jihad claimed responsibly for the murder of an Israeli diplomat and the bombing of an Istanbul synagogue.Attempts by Rogue Regimes to Influence U.S. Policy: hearing before the Subcommittee on... - Page 70 by United States Congress] They are also believed to be responsibly for a series of murders against Turkish journalists. Attempts by Rogue Regimes to Influence U.S. Policy: hearing before the Subcommittee on... - Page 70 by United States Congress]

Background

Although they have not claimed an attack sine 1996 the Turkish Islamic Jihad was mentioned in the Iranian press as late as 2000 as one of a number of groups continuing to "carry out clandestine political and military activities." [Target America & the West: Terrorism in the U.S. Today - Page 160 by Yossef Bodansky] The group is thought to be inactive; however the Islamist movement continues to present a threat to Turkey. In Turkey in 1991 a car bomb occurred killing one US Air force sergeant and severely injured an Egyptian diplomat. [Anti-American Terrorism and the Middle East: a documentary reader - Page 359 by Barry M. Rubin, Judith Colp Rubin] [Dilemmas of Weak States: Africa and transnational terrorism in the twenty-first century - Page 84 by Tatah Mentan] [Does US Intervention Overseas Breed Terrorism? The Historical Record - I Eland - Cato Institute Foreign Policy Briefing] [Attempts by Rogue Regimes to Influence U.S. Policy: hearing before the Subcommittee on... - Page 70 by United States Congress] In Aug. 19, 1991, A British executive with a Turkish-British insurance company was assassinated as he was riding in the Istanbul office elevator. Dev Sol and the Turkish wing of Islamic Jihad both claimed credit. ["Seven Terrorist Organizations Active In Turkey," 1/29/2001, Turkish Daily News]

References

ee also

*Islamic Jihad
*Islamist terrorism
*Religious terrorism
*Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine

External links

* [http://www.tkb.org/Incident.jsp?incID=6703 Turkish Islamic Jihad attacked Military target]
* [http://www.tkb.org/Incident.jsp?incID=6704 Turkish Islamic Jihad attacked Diplomatic target]


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